Title

高密度脂蛋白之影響因素-飲食、體能及荷爾蒙(上篇:飲食)

Translated Titles

Effects of Diet, Physical Fitness and Hormones on High Density Lipoprotein (Part I: Diet)

DOI

10.6691/JCNS.199908_24(3).0001

Authors

盧立卿(Li-Ching Lyu);賴宜君(Yi-Chun Lai);吳文惠(Wen-Huei Wu)

Key Words

高密度脂蛋白 ; 飲食 ; 醣類 ; 脂肪 ; 膽固醇 ; 酒精 ; high density lipoprotein ; diet ; carbohydrate ; fat ; cholesterol ; alcohol

PublicationName

中華民國營養學會雜誌

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

24卷3期(1999 / 08 / 01)

Page #

215 - 227

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

High density lipoprotein (HDL) plays the central role in reverse cholesterol transport, which with highest density and abundant protein component of the lipoprotein moieties. Nascent HDL accepts unesterified cholesterol from peripheral tissues, esterified the free cholesterol and moves cholesterol ester to the core of HDL, then carries the cholesterol ester to liver for further metabolism. Therefore, HDL decreases the peripheral cholesterol deposition and reduces the risk for developing atherosclerotic diseases. In 1988 and 1993, both versions of the National Cholesterol Education Program in U.S.A. added HDL-Cholesterol (HDL-C) less than 35 mg/dL as a risk for coronary heart disease along with other risk factors such as diabetes and hypertension. The nutritionists in Taiwan often were asked the questions like ”Is it necessary to raise the HDL level?” and ”How to raise the HDL level?” by the clients and other medical professionals. The first review of this HDL series will focus on dietary factors on HDL-C concentration. There was a negative correlation between carbohydrate intake and HDL-C. However, fat and cholesterol intakes were positively correlated with HDL-C levels in most epidemiological and clinical studies. The types of fatty acid with various carbon numbers and positions of double bonds affect HDLC differently. Protein intake was not significantly correlated with HDL-C. The universal agreement is that alcohol consumption is the most significant dietary factor for HDL level.

English Abstract

High density lipoprotein (HDL) plays the central role in reverse cholesterol transport, which with highest density and abundant protein component of the lipoprotein moieties. Nascent HDL accepts unesterified cholesterol from peripheral tissues, esterified the free cholesterol and moves cholesterol ester to the core of HDL, then carries the cholesterol ester to liver for further metabolism. Therefore, HDL decreases the peripheral cholesterol deposition and reduces the risk for developing atherosclerotic diseases. In 1988 and 1993, both versions of the National Cholesterol Education Program in U.S.A. added HDL-Cholesterol (HDL-C) less than 35 mg/dL as a risk for coronary heart disease along with other risk factors such as diabetes and hypertension. The nutritionists in Taiwan often were asked the questions like ”Is it necessary to raise the HDL level?” and ”How to raise the HDL level?” by the clients and other medical professionals. The first review of this HDL series will focus on dietary factors on HDL-C concentration. There was a negative correlation between carbohydrate intake and HDL-C. However, fat and cholesterol intakes were positively correlated with HDL-C levels in most epidemiological and clinical studies. The types of fatty acid with various carbon numbers and positions of double bonds affect HDLC differently. Protein intake was not significantly correlated with HDL-C. The universal agreement is that alcohol consumption is the most significant dietary factor for HDL level.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 預防保健與衛生學
Times Cited
  1. 張凱翔(Kai-Hsiang Chang);徐藝洳(Yi-Ju Hsu);許青雲(Ching-Yun Hsu);黃啟彰(Chi-Chang Huang)(2017)。洛神花之生物活性以及調節血脂作用之系統性文獻回顧。長庚科技學刊。(26)。89-102。