Title

二至五歲托兒中心幼兒一日進食行為探討

Translated Titles

Two- to Five-year-old Children's One-day Eating Behavior at Day Care Centers

DOI

10.6691/JCNS.200109_26(3).0006

Authors

林佳蓉(Jia Rong Lin);陳瑤惠(Yau-Huey Chen)

Key Words

學齡前幼兒 ; 進食行為 ; 發展 ; 觀察法 ; preschool children ; eating behavior ; development ; observation

PublicationName

中華民國營養學會雜誌

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

26卷3期(2001 / 09 / 01)

Page #

203 - 212

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究目的在於建立一份進食行為檢核項目表,並了解二至五歲不同年齡幼兒的進食行為發展狀況。採立意取樣,調查前先徵得研究樣本家長與托兒中心教師的同意。研究分兩部分進行,第一部份皆是以事件觀察法紀錄60名二至五歲學齡前幼兒飲食中行為,根據觀察紀錄建立一份進食行為檢核項目表。第二部分是以所建立的檢核項目表觀察紀錄260名幼兒進食行為,研究發現包括:超過75%幼兒帶著早餐到學校吃,到校吃早餐的比例隨年齡增加而增加,幼兒平均午、晚餐時間約30分,無論食用固體或流體食物,湯匙是各年齡幼兒於午、晚餐時主要使用的餐具,手常被用於協助進食工具,筷子的使用隨年齡增加而增加。各年齡層幼兒進食時最常見與進食無關的行為是四處看。部份幼兒用餐時用手、衣服擦嘴或舔手指頭。五歲幼兒比其他年齡小的幼兒更知道對照顧者表達不吃的意見。

English Abstract

This study provides a checklist which is able to record a preschool child’s eating behavior at mealtime. Eating behaviors of 2- to 5- year- old children were also studied. Subjects were selected from those children whose parents and teachers agreed to attend this study. This research includes two stages. In the first stage of the study, 60 children were observed at mealtime. Based on recorded results, a preschooler’s eating behavior checklist was developed. During the second stage of the study, the eating behaviors of 2- to 5-year old children were studied by using the checklist. More than 75% of children bring their breakfast with them to school and eat it at school. The spoon is the main utensil used to eat with. Hands are the most frequently used auxiliary tool for eating. Chopsticks are used increasingly as the children’s ages increased. Looking around was frequently observed during children’s mealtime. Five-year-old children are more likely to express their dislike of foods orally than are younger children.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 預防保健與衛生學
Times Cited
  1. 張秀如(2011)。互動多媒體遊戲設計應用於幼兒營養知識學習之研究。臺北科技大學互動媒體設計研究所學位論文。2011。1-139。 
  2. 周希津(2009)。母親照顧幼兒進食的經驗。臺灣大學職能治療研究所學位論文。2009。1-106。 
  3. 梁藝馨(2003)。台北地區學齡前兒童飲食行為、飲食教養行為及其相關因素之探討。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2003。1-164。
  4. 林佳蓉(2006)。台中市幼兒之體位、體型意識與飲食行為之現況及其影響因素之探討。中山醫學大學營養學研究所學位論文。2006。1-193。
  5. 謝中君(2011)。發展遲緩兒之幼兒園活動參與及教師行為關係之研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2011。1-246。
  6. 范芯瑋(2013)。卡通人物包裝食物對幼兒食物喜好之影響。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2013。1-84。
  7. 黃曼音(2013)。五足歲幼兒飲食行為之研究—以台中市三所幼兒園為例。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2013。1-180。
  8. 顏佩真(2016)。桌上遊戲對幼兒蔬果喜好之影響。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2016。1-117。