Title

UNS S44400不銹鋼在不同氧分壓下之高溫氧化行爲

Translated Titles

High-Temperature Oxidation of UNS S44400 Stainless Steel at Various Oxygen Atmospheres

DOI

10.6376/JCCE.201009.0157

Authors

陳偉昇(W. S. Chen);林哲綸(C. L. Lin);開物(W. Kai);邱善得(S. D. Chyou)

Key Words

高溫氧化 ; 拋線律 ; N型半導體 ; High-temperature oxidation ; Parabolic-rate law ; N-type semiconductor

PublicationName

防蝕工程

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

24卷3期(2010 / 09 / 01)

Page #

157 - 164

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本論文探討UNS S44400不銹鋼在850~950℃不同氧分壓下(Po2=0.01~1atm)的氧化行爲。整體而言,合金之氧化動力學皆遵守拋線律,且氧化速率會隨溫風度上升而快;但氧化速率不隨氧分壓增加而增加,顯示合金氧化後的氧化生成物呈現N型半導體的特徵。由顯微結構分析得知,合金氧化的主要生成物以Cr2O3爲主,並有少量Mn1.5Cr1.5O4及MnCr2O4生成,而在氧化層次表面的基材中亦有少量的TiO內氧化中粒子生成;此外,在900℃以上氧化時更有少量的TiO2在表面生成。

English Abstract

The oxidation behavior of UNS S44400 Stainless Steel (444SS) was studied over a temperature range of 850~950℃ at various oxygen-containing atmospheres (at Po2=0.01~1atm). The oxidation kinetics of the alloys followed the parabolic-rate law in au cases and the oxidation rate constants (k(subscript p) values) increased with increasing temperature. It was found that the k(subscript p) values of the alloy were independent of oxygen pressure, indicating that the scaling behavior of the alloy exhibited an N-type semiconductor property. Based on microstructural analyses, the scales formed on the 444SS consisted mostly of Cr2O3, minor amounts of Mn1.5 Cr1.5 and MnCr2O4 TiO particles generated by internal oxidation. In addition, a small amount of TiO2 was also observed on the surface of scales at T≥900℃.

Topic Category 工程學 > 工程學總論
工程學 > 土木與建築工程