Translated Titles

The Study of Differences for the Service Distances of Community Facilities between Urban and Rural Areas




莊惠雯(Hui-Wen Chuang);林憲德(Hsien-Te Lin);沈之中(Chih-Chung Shen)

Key Words

社區設施 ; 服務距離 ; 城鄉差異 ; 德爾菲問卷 ; 統計假設檢定 ; Community Facility ; Service Distance ; Delphi Technique ; Statistical Hypothesis Test



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

80期(2012 / 06 / 01)

Page #

131 - 148

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

The strength of community facilities are not only determined by the contents of the services, but also the service distances. Delphi Questionnaire is applied to screen the 16 required items from 3 categories, culture and education, sport and recreation, and convenience of daily life, for Taiwan's communities to facilitate the comparison of urban-rural discrepancy. Utilize the data from the island wide investigation of 118 communities to do the statistical hypothesis test to analyze the service distance for each item. The results show that the distance of the daily convenience services is exclusively 400m, 400~600m and 1200~2000m for urban, sub-urban communities and rural communities. It is obvious that the service distance for urban community is better than suburban and rural one. This study also proposes the recommended values for each service item and those values could be the more reasonable and realistic assessment basis for community planning and construction.

Topic Category 工程學 > 土木與建築工程
  1. 劉立偉、黃子珍(2011)。公園綠地空間分布的評析:從漸進規劃的觀點談都市公共設施用地檢討。建築學報,76,91-112。
  2. 行政院經濟設計委員會住宅及都市發展處(1979)。臺灣地區綜合開發計劃。台北市:行政院經濟設計委員會。Council for Economic Planning and Development, Executive Yuan (1979). Taiwan Area Comprehensive Development Plan. Taipei: Council for Economic Planning and Development, Executive Yuan.。
  3. Berliant, M., Peng, S. K., &Wang, P.(2000). Welfare analysis of the number and locations of local public facilities. Working Paper (00-W35). TN, USA: Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University.
  4. Berman, O., Larson, R. C., & Fouska, N.(1990). Optimal location of discretionary service facilities. Operations Research Center Working Paper (OR 231-90). MA, USA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Operations Research Center.
  5. Algert, S. J.,Agrawal, A.,Lewis, D. S.(2006).Disparities in access to fresh produce in low-income neighborhoods in Los Angeles.American Journal of Preventive Medicine,30(5),365-370.
  6. Barton, H.(2000).Sustainble Community, the Potential for Eco-neighborhoods.London, UK:Earthscan Publications Ltd.
  7. Behrens, R.(2006).Accommodating walking as a travel model in South African cities: Towards improve neighborhood movement network design practices.Planning, Practice & Research,20(2),163-182.
  8. Berman, O.,Drezner, Z.,Wesolowsky, G. O.(2003).Locating service facilities whose reliability is distance dependent.Computer & Operations Research,30(11),1683-1695.
  9. Church, R. L.,ReVelle, C. S.(1976).Theoretical and computational links between the p-median, location set-covering, and the maximal covering location problem.Geographical Analysis,8(4),406-415.
  10. Drezner, T.,Drezner, Z.(2011).The gravity multiple server location problem.Computer & Operations Research,38(3),694-701.
  11. Franchak, S. J.,Desy, J.,Norton, E. L.(1984).Research and Development Series No. 250.Research and Development Series No. 250.,OH, USA:The National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Ohio State University.
  12. Freund, J. E.,Perles, B. M.(2007).Modern Elementary Statistics.NJ, USA:Prentice Hall.
  13. Handy, S. L.,Clifton, K. J.(2001).Local Shopping as a strategy for reducing automobile travel.Transportation,28(4),317-346.
  14. Holden, M. C.,Wedman, J. F.(1993).Future issues of computer-mediated communication: The results of a Delphi study.Educational Technology Research and Development,14(1),5-24.
  15. Holton, R.(1958).The distinction between convenience goods, shopping goods, and specialty goods.The Journal of Marketing,23(1),53-56.
  16. Horning, J.,El-Geneidy, A. E.,Krizek, K. J.(2008).Perceptions of walking distance to neighborhood retail and other public service.Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting 2008,DC, USA:
  17. Howley, P.,Scott, M.,Redmond, D.(2009).Sustainability versus liveability: An investigation of neighborhood satisfaction.Journal of Environmental Planning and Management,52(6),847-864.
  18. Jayaraman, V.(1999).A multi-objective logistics model for a capacitated service facility problem.International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management,29(1),65-81.
  19. Lai, J. H. K.(2011).Comparative evaluation of facility management services for housing estates.Habitat International,35(2),391-397.
  20. Miller, H. J.(1996).GIS and geometric representation in facility location problems.International Journal of Geographical Information,10(7),791-816.
  21. Murray, A. T.(2005).Geography in coverage modeling: Exploiting spatial structure to address complementary partial service of areas.Annals of the Association of American Geographers,95(4),761-772.
  22. Murray, A. T.,O''kelly, M. E.,Church, R. L.(2008).Regional service coverage modeling.Computers and Operations Research,35(2),339-355.
  23. Murry, J. W.,Hammous, J. O.(1995).Delphi: A versatile methodology for conducting qualitative research.The Review of Higher Education,18(4),423-436.
  24. Owen, S. H.,Daskin, M. S.(1998).Strategic facility location: A review.European Journal of Operational Research,111(3),423-447.
  25. Pearce, J.,Witten, K.,Bartie, P.(2006).Neighbourhoods and health: A GIS approach to measuring community resource accessibility.Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health,60(5),389-395.
  26. Perry, C.(1998).The Neighborhood Unit (1929 reprinted).London, UK:Routledge/Thoemmes.
  27. Talen, E.(2003).Neighborhoods as service providers: A methodology for evaluating pedestrian access.Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design,30(2),181-200.
  28. Talen, E.,Anselin, L.(1998).Assessing spatial equity: An evaluation of measures of accessibility to public playgrounds.Environment and Planning A,30(4),595-613.
  29. Tsou, K. W.,Hung, Y. T.,Chang, Y. L.(2005).An accessibility-based integrated measure of relative spatial equity in urban public facilities.Cities,22(6),424-435.
  30. 古宜靈(2007)。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究行政院國家科學委員會專題研究,台北市=Taipei:行政院國家科學委員會=National Science Council。
  31. 李國正(2000)。台北市=Taipei,國立交通大學交通運輸研究所=Institute of Traffic and Transportation, National Chiao Tung University。
  32. 林峰田(1997)。公共設施檢討空間分析方法。都市與計畫,24(2),171-192。
  33. 林清山(1992)。心理與教育統計學。台北市=Taipei:東華書局=Tung-Hua Publication。
  34. 馮正民(2000)。公共設施合理配置之研究。台北市=Taipei:內政部營建署市鄉規劃局=Urban and Rural Development Branch, Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior。
  35. 楊子廣(2006)。台南市=Tainan,國立成功大學都市計畫研究所=Department of Urban Planning, National Cheng Kung University。
  36. 楊謙柔(2009)。台北市=Taipei,中國文化大學建築及都市計畫研究所= Department of Architecture and Urban Design, Graduate Institute of Architecture and Urban Planning, Chinese Culture University。
  37. 葉光毅(1990)。都市公共設施服務距離之研究─台南市之實例探討。建築學報,1,125-136。
  38. 蔡馥竹(2000)。台北市=Taipei,中國文化大學建築及都市計畫研究所=Department of Architecture and Urban Design, Graduate Institute of Architecture and Urban Planning, Chinese Culture University。
  39. 衛萬明、林宏晉(2006)。都市鄰里公園之區位選擇研究。地理學報,45,51-71。
  40. 鍾誠惠(2006)。花蓮縣=Hualien,國立東華大學自然資源管理研究所= Program of Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, National Dong Hwa University。