Translated Titles

A Study of Community Types And Residents' Fear of Crime


李素馨(Su-Hsin Lee)

Key Words

環境設計 ; 被害恐懼感 ; 實質環境特性 ; 危險空間 ; Environmental design ; fear of crime ; the features of physical environment ; hot spots.



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

27卷1期(2000 / 03 / 01)

Page #

25 - 45

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

The goal of ”crime prevention through environmental design” is to prevent and reduce criminal behavior. From the psychological perspective, the function is to reduce the residents' fear of crime. This study explored the relationships between the cognition of environmental features and social activities of the residents living in different types of urban community and the level of fear of crime. This study selected three types of communities, they were enclosed-type (Wei-tao community), sub-opened type (Li-ming community) and opened type (Feng-shu community). According to the literature review, the research model and variables were built, using structured questionnaire to collect the survey data. The effective total subjects were 661. The conclusions were as follow: l. The level of fear of crime of enclosed-type community was less than that of sub-opened type and opened type. The cognition, which effected the sense of fear of crime in the three types of communities, had significant difference. 2. The cognition of the features of physical environment and social activities was different among three community types. 3. The community type, the cognition of the features of physical and social environment such as incivilities, spatial legibility, visual accessibility, emotional relation and outsiders of community were the most related to the fear of crime.

Topic Category 工程學 > 土木與建築工程
工程學 > 市政與環境工程
  1. Appleton, J.(1975).The Experience of Landscape.New York:John Wiley.
  2. Box, S., Hale, C., Andrews, C.(1988).Explaining fear of crime.British Journal of Criminology,28(3)
  3. Fisher, B., Nasar, J.(1992).Fear of crime in relation to three exterior site features - Prospect, refuge, and escape.Environment and Behavior,24(1)
  4. Fowler, P.(1987).Street Management and City Design.Social Forces,66(2)
  5. Gardiner, R. A.(1978).Design for Safe Neighborhoods.Washington, D. C.:U. S. Government Printing Office.
  6. Garofalo, J.(1981).The fear of crime: Cause and consequences.The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology,72(2)
  7. Jacobs, J.(1961).The Death and Life of Great American Cities.New York:McGraw-Hill.
  8. Jeffery, C. R.(1977).Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design.London:Sage Publication, Inc..
  9. Keane, C.(1998).Evaluating the influence of fear of crime as an environmental mobility restrictor on women's routine activity.Environment and Behavior,30(1)
  10. Lab, S. P.(1992).Crime Prevention: Approaches, Practices and Evaluations.Anderson Publishing Co..
  11. Merry, S. E.(1981).Defensible space undefended: social factors in crime control through environment design.Urban Affairs Quarterly,16
  12. Newman, O.(1972).Defensible Space: People and Design in the Violent City.New York:The Architectural Press.
  13. Skogan, W. G.(1984).From Crime Policy to Victim Policy: Reorienting the Justice System.London:Macmillan.
  14. Smith, S.(1986).Crime, Space and Society.Cambridge University Press.
  15. Taylor, R. B.(1989).Handbook of Environmental Psychology.New York:John Wiley.
  16. Wekerle, G. R., Whitzman, C.(1995).Safe Cities - Guidelines for Planning, Design, and Management.New York:Van Nostrand Reinhold.
  17. Whyte, W.(1988).City Rediscovering the Center.New York:Doubleday.
  18. Williams, P., Dickinson, J.(1993).Fear of crime: read all about it? The relationship between newspaper crime reporting and fear of crime.British Journal of Criminology,33(1)
  19. Wilson, J. Q., Kelling, G.(1983).Thinking about crime.New York:Basic Books.
  20. Yin, P.(1982).Fear of Crime as a Problem for the elderly.Social Problems,30(2)
  21. 宋念謙 Sung, Nien-Chien(1997)。東海大學景觀研究所。
  22. 楊士隆 Yang, Shu-Lung(1996)。運用環境設計預防犯罪之探討。警學叢刊 Police Science Quarterly,7(4)
Times Cited
  1. 王文伶(2012)。住宅類型影響單身女性購屋選擇之研究。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-100。 
  2. 林家緯(2008)。集合住宅之居民對共用空間犯罪認知與安全維護設施之研究-以台北市治安重點之住宅為例。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2008。1-213。 
  3. 陳盈妤(2013)。中原大學土木館室內動線空間安全感認知之性別差異。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-92。 
  4. 謝宛樺(2017)。民眾對臺北市政府開放竊盜點位資料之評估:修正科技接受模式觀點。臺灣大學公共事務研究所學位論文。2017。1-185。 
  5. 陳淑娟(2005)。個人層面和社區環境與個人犯罪被害恐懼感之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2005。1-73。
  6. 范瑞昭(2009)。板橋林本源園邸古蹟再利用策略之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-190。