Title

典型或非典型工作?臺灣男性和已婚女生就業型態的決策模式及因素分析

Translated Titles

To Be a Typical or an Atypical Worker? Decision Modes and Determinants of Employment Patterns for Male and Married Female Laborers in Taiwan

Authors

魯慧中(Lu, Huei-Chung)

Key Words

非典型就業 ; 就業選擇 ; 多項式羅吉特模型 ; 巢式羅吉特模型 ; Atypical Employment ; Employment Choice ; Multinomial Logit Model ; Nested Logit Model

PublicationName

經濟研究

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

54卷2期(2018 / 07 / 31)

Page #

119 - 189

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本文從就業型態的決策模式出發,進而瞭解影響個人就業型態的決定因素。將就業選擇的過程設定為「兩階段決策」及「序列決策」兩種模式,我們使用2009年和2013年「人力運用調查」資料,並以「多項式羅吉特模型」和「巢式羅吉特模型」進行估計。我們的估計結果顯示,臺灣男性傾向「序列決策」模式,而已婚女性勞動者則傾向「兩階段決策」模式。年齡較長、已婚男性、教育程度較高者,從事全日典型工作的機率較高;年紀較輕者從事全日非典型工作的機會較高;然而從事部分時間工作的機率與年齡之間則無具體的單調性關係,且男性和已婚女性存在差異性。家人失業數的增加會減少男性選擇部分時間工作的機率,但卻會鼓勵已婚婦女投入勞動市場從事兼差性質的工作。此外,戶內人口組成與經濟景氣狀況對於男性和已婚婦女的就業型態選擇亦會產生不同的影響。

English Abstract

This paper explores the decision modes of employment and presents the possible factors. Classifying the decision modes into "two-stage decision" and "sequential decision" and using the data of "Manpower Utilization Survey" in 2009 and 2013, we apply a multinomial logit model and two nested logit models for the estimation. Our empirical results show that men tend to adopt the mode of "sequential decision" and married women tend to adopt the mode of "two-stage decision". Furthermore, an older person, a married man, and a higher educated person have a greater possibility of choosing a full-time typical job. A younger person tends to choose a full-time atypical job, however, the probability of choosing a part-time job has no monotonic correlation with age. An increase in the number of family members decreases the possibility of choosing a part-time job for men, but encourages married women to participate in the secondary labor market (i.e. a part-time job). Finally, the composition of families and the business cycle have distinct impacts on the decision of employment patterns between males and married females.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 經濟學
Reference
  1. 江豐富(2011)。失業、非典型就業的人口組成與工資率分析。臺灣經濟預測與政策,42(1),75-118。
    連結:
  2. Amemiya, T.,Shimono, K.(1989).An Application of Nested Logit Models to the Labor Supply of the Elderly.The Economic Studies Quarterly,40(1),14-22.
  3. Booth, A. L.,Francesconi, M.,Frank, J.(2002).Temporary Jobs: Stepping Stones or Dead Ends?.The Economic Journal,112(480),F189-F213.
  4. Chuang, H. L.,Hsieh, N.,Lin, E. S.(2010).Labour Market Activity of Foreign Spouses in Taiwan: Employment Status and Choice of Employment Sector.Pacific Economic Review,15(4),505-531.
  5. Falaris, E. M.(1988).Migration and Wages of Young Men.The Journal of Human Resources,23(4),514-534.
  6. García-Pérez, J. I.,MuñozBullón, F.(2011).Transitions into Permanent Employment in Spain: An Empirical Analysis for Young Workers.British Journal of Industrial Relations,49(1),103-143.
  7. Genda, Y.,Rebick, M. E.(2000).Japanese Labour in the 1990s: Stability and Stagnation.Oxford Review of Economic Policy,16(2),85-102.
  8. Gönül, F.(1992).New Evidence on Whether Unemployment and out of the Labor Force are Distinct States.The Journal of Human Resources,27(2),329-361.
  9. Greene, W. H.(2007).NLogit Reference Guide.New York:Econometric Software, Inc.
  10. Hagstrom, P. A.(1996).The Food Stamp Participation and Labor Supply of Married Couples: An Empirical Analysis of Joint Decisions.The Journal of Human Resources,31(2),383-403.
  11. Hausman, J.,McFadden, D.(1984).Specification Tests for the Multinomial Logit Model.Econometrica,52(5),1219-1240.
  12. Hensher, D. A.,Greene, W. H.(2002).Specification and Estimation of the Nested Logit Model: Alternative Normalisations.Transportation Research Part B: Methodological,36(1),1-17.
  13. Hoffman, S. D.,Duncan, G. J.(1988).A Comparison of Choice-Based Multinomial and Nested Logit Models: The Family Structure and Welfare Use Decision of Divorced or Separated Women.The Journal of Human Resources,23(4),550-562.
  14. Holmlund, B.,Storrie, D.(2002).Temporary Work in Turbulent Times: The Swedish Experience.The Economic Journal,112(480),245-269.
  15. Houseman, S.,Osawa, M.(2003).The Growth of Nonstandard Employment in Japan and the United States: A Comparison of Canses and Consequences.Nonstandard Work in Developed Economies: Causes and Consequences,Kalamazoo, Michigan:
  16. Hunt, G. L.(2000).Alternative Nested Logit Model Structures and the Special Case of Partial Degeneracy.Journal of Regional Science,40(1),89-113.
  17. Johnes, G.(1999).Schooling, Fertility and the Labour Market Experience of Married Women.Applied Economics,31(5),585-592.
  18. Kahn, L. M.,Morimune, K.(1979).Unions and Employment Stability: A Sequential Logit Approach.International Economic Review,20(1),217-235.
  19. Kalleberg, A. L.(2000).Nonstandard Employment Relations: Part-time, Temporary and Contract Work.Annual Review of Sociology,26,341-365.
  20. Keller, B.,Seifert, H.(2013).Atypical Employment in Germany. Forms, Development, Patterns.Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research,19(4),457-474.
  21. Lenz, E. A.(1996).Flexible Employment: Positive Work Strategies for the 21st Century.Journal of Labor Research,17(4),555-566.
  22. Lundberg, S.,Plotnick, R. D.(1995).Adolescent Premarital Childbearing: Do Economic Incentives Matter?.Journal of Labor Economics,13(2),177-200.
  23. Makepeace, G. H.(1996).Lifetime Earnings and the Training of Young Men in Britain.Applied Economics,28(6),725-735.
  24. Manski, C.(ed.),McFadden, D.(ed.)(1981).Structural Analysis of Discrete Data with Econometric Applications.Cambridge:MIT Press.
  25. McCall, J. J.(1970).Economics of Information and Job Search.The Quarterly Journal of Economics,84(1),113-126.
  26. McFadden, D.(1978).Modelling the Choice of Residential Location.Spatial Interaction Theory and Residential Location,Amsterdam:
  27. McFadden, D.(1977).Cowles Foundation Discussion PaperCowles Foundation Discussion Paper,未出版
  28. McFadden, D.,Train, K.,Tye, W. B.(1977).An Application of Diagnostic Tests for the Independence from Irrelevant Alternatives Property of Multinomial Logit Model.Transportation Research Record,637,39-46.
  29. Morris, M. D. S.,Vekker, A.(2001).An Alternative Look at Temporary Workers, Their Choices, and the Growth in Temporary Employment.Journal of Labor Research,22(2),373-390.
  30. Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, C.(2006).An Explanation of the Changes in the Proportion of Temporary Workers in Spain.Applied Economics,38(1),47-62.
  31. Schmidt, P.,Strauss, R. P.(1975).The Prediction of Occupation Using Multiple Logit Models.International Economic Review,16(2),471-486.
  32. Segal, L. M.,Sullivan, D. G.(1997).The Growth of Temporary Services Work.The Journal of Economic Perspectives,11(2),117-136.
  33. Soopramanien, D.,Johnes, G.(2001).A New Look at Gender Effects in Participation and Occupation Choice.Labour,15(3),415-443.
  34. van Ophem, H.,Schram, A.(1997).Sequential and Multinomial Logit: A Nested Model.Empirical Economics,22(1),131-152.
  35. Wasmer, E.(1999).Competition for Jobs in a Growing Economy and the Emergence of Dualism.The Economic Journal,109(457),349-371.
  36. Zhang, J.(1994).Socioeconomic Determinants of Fertility in Hebei Province, China: An Application of the Sequential Logit Model.Economic Development and Cultural Change,43(1),67-90.
  37. 中央研究院人文社會科學研究中心(2010)。中央研究院人文社會科學研究中心Research Center for Humanities and Social Science, Academia Sinica (2010-2011),華人家庭動態資料庫 Panel Study of Family Dynamics。(in Chinese)。
  38. 成之約(1998)。淺論派遣勞動及其對勞資關係的影響。就業與訓練,16(6),3-11。
  39. 行政院主計總處 Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan (2008-2014) , 人力運用調查報告Report on the Manpower Utilization Survey。(in Chinese and English)
  40. 柯志哲(2008)。我國使用非典型工作型態之探討─使用情況與決定因素。臺灣社會學會年會,臺北=Taipei: