Translated Titles

The Lost Decade: Changing Class Identity and Ideology in Taiwan


林宗弘(Thung-Hong Lin)

Key Words

階級 ; 社會轉型 ; 階級認同 ; 意識形態 ; 貧富差距 ; 投票行為 ; social class ; social change ; class consciousness ; ideology ; income distribution ; class voting



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

25卷4期(2013 / 12 / 01)

Page #

689 - 734

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

The article reviews the theories of subjective class consciousness and ideology and revises the ”reference group and reality (R&R) interaction model”. During the last two decades, it is argued that the proletarian class consciousness, left-wing ideology, and class voting behavior may decline in the post-industrial societies during the globalization era. However, the revised R&R model implies that, in the global depression era, through the reference group and more complete information, the influence of objective class structure on subjective class consciousness can be stronger, and the ideology may turn back from the right to the left. The empirical evidence from Taiwan, a young democratic industrial country, shows that Taiwanese people's objective class location has more greatly influenced their subjective identity, their cognition of income inequality has become more serious, their meritocratic ideology has been declining, and class voting behavior has become more obvious in the last decade. The anomaly changes of class formation in a new-comer among advanced capitalist economies may challenge the understanding of class politics in the globalization era.

Topic Category 人文學 > 人文學綜合
社會科學 > 社會科學綜合
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