The Study of Analogical Learning on Physics Conceptions at Junior High School
陳恆迪(Handy Chen)；徐順益(Shun-Yi Hsu)
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
5期（1994 / 05 / 01）
141 - 166
本研究旨在以結構映射理論為基礎，發展一套類比教材及團體成就測驗工具，籍以探討類比學習的效果。 本研究共選取四大物理概念為研究主題，樣本共包含五所學校的420名國民中學二年級及三年級學生，並隨機指派一半班級為實驗組，其餘為控制組。實驗組閱讀類比教材，控制組閱讀非類比教材，所有的學生接受相同的前測及後測，施測結果經由量的統計分析及質的分析方法而得以下的主要研究發現： 1.實驗組的類比學習成效顯著優於控制組。 2.影響類比學習的相關因素可歸納為：(1).學生在源領域中具有迷思概念、(2).學生缺乏源領域的先備知識、(3).學生為無關的自發類比所誤導、(4).學生缺乏類比推理能力、(5).學生對教材中的類比關係缺乏注意。
The purpose of the study was to develop analogical instructional materials and group achievement tests based on mapping structure theory to investigate the effects of the materials. Four physics concepts were selected to administered to 8th and 9th grades students and five schools with 420 students were selected. About half the students were assigned as experimental group and another half were the control group. The experimental group received the analogical modules and control group received the non-analogical modules. All the students received the same pretest and posttest. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to analyze the collected data. The major findings were as following: 1.The experimental group was found significant better than control group. 2.The factors influencing the learning effects were found as: (1)the learners had misconceptions in source domains, (2) the learners were lacking of prior knowledge related to source domains, (3) the learners were misleading by non-related self developed analogies, (4) the learners got low reasoning abilities ,and (5) the learners paied less attention on the analogical learning.