Title

牟宗三先生對「為何道德」的議論初探

Translated Titles

An Inquiry into Mou Tsung-san's Discussion on "Why Be Moral"

Authors

黃慧英(Wai-Ying Wong)

Key Words

非道德論 ; 道德底形上學 ; 道德的形上學 ; 本性 ; 本心 ; 呈現 ; 理性 ; amoralism ; the metaphysics of moral ; moral metaphysics ; original nature ; original heart-mind ; present ; rational

PublicationName

鵝湖學誌

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

56期(2016 / 06 / 01)

Page #

237 - 256

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

「為何道德」(Why be moral?)的問題,是後設倫理學(meta-ethics)的一個主要問題。本文會從英美關於「為何道德」的討論開始,檢視經驗進路的問題及缺憾,而這缺憾又如何逼出形上領域的探討。牟宗三先生認為儒家的道德的形上學,才能貫通形上形下的世界,為道德提供堅實的基礎。他以儒家的本心本性說明道德的普遍必然性,以至使人「無可逃於天地之間」。本文除了闡述此點外,更指出道德哲學與形上學在何種意義下,有着緊密的關聯。

English Abstract

The question of "Why Be Moral" is an important issue in meta-ethics. In this article I will start with the examination of the empirical approach to this question and its difficulties. I will then show that how the discussion is inevitably led to the sphere of metaphysics. Mou Tsung-san argued that only the Moral Metaphysics of Confucianism can provide a substantial ground for morality. He explained the universality and necessity of morals by the Confucian idea of original heart-mind and original nature. Apart from elaborating Mou's view, I also expound that in what sense there is a close relation between moral philosophy and metaphysics.

Topic Category 人文學 > 哲學
人文學 > 歷史學
人文學 > 中國文學
Reference
  1. Hare, R.M.(1981).Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point.Oxford:Clarendon Press.
  2. Tiberius, Valerie(2015).Moral Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction.New York:Routledge.
  3. 牟宗三(1968)。心體與性體。台北:正中書局。
  4. 牟宗三(1985)。圓善論。台北:學生書局。
  5. 牟宗三譯註(1982)。康德的道德哲學。台北:學生書局。
Times Cited
  1. 黃慧英(2016)。牟宗三先生對「為何道德」的議論之再探。鵝湖學誌,57,189-204。