Title

Molecular Detection of Florfenicol and Chloramphenicol Resistance among Escherichia coli Isolates from Healthy Pigs during 2003 to 2007

Translated Titles

由台灣健康豬隻分離之大腸桿菌對氟甲磺氯黴素與氯黴素抗藥性及其相關基因之研究

Authors

郭鴻志(Hung-Chih Kuo);魏恆巍(Hen-Wei Wei);張清棟(Ching-Dong Chang);周濟眾(Chi-Chung Chou);凃堅(Chien Tu);廖俊旺(Jiunn-Wang Liao);張紹光(Shao-Kuang Chang)

Key Words

氟甲磺氯黴素 ; 氯黴素 ; 大腸桿菌 ; 抗藥性 ; 輸出幫浦 ; florfenicol ; chloramphenicol ; Escherichia coli ; resistance ; efflux pump

PublicationName

藥物食品分析

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

17卷3期(2009 / 06 / 01)

Page #

217 - 224

Content Language

英文

Chinese Abstract

於2003年至2007年間由50個不同豬場共收集600個健康豬隻糞便樣本,調查由豬隻分離之大腸桿菌對於動物用氟甲磺氯黴素與人醫所使用氯黴素抗藥性及其相關基因之研究。結果顯示豬源大腸桿菌對於氟甲磺氯黴素抗藥性比例由2003年的39.2%上升至2007年的78.3%。本次試驗分別由保育豬(61.5%)、肥育豬(62.5%)與母豬(51.5%)分離出351株抗藥性菌株,分析抗藥性菌株帶有藥物輸出幫浦基因floR、cmlA與氯黴素乙醯轉移酶基因cat-1, cat-2與cat-3比例分別爲82.9、61.3、10.8、3.7與0%,而同時帶有floR及cmlA基因菌株的比例爲52.4%。抗藥性菌株在同時存有藥物輸出幫浦抑制劑Phe-Arg-β-naphthylamide時,氟甲磺氯黴素對於大腸桿菌最小抑制濃度則下降4至64倍。本研究結果顯示:台灣豬隻大腸桿菌分離株,大部分均藉由藥物輸出幫浦對於氟甲磺氯黴素與氯黴素產生抗藥性。未來將進一步研究上述抗藥性基因在人畜間的差異及其交互傳播可能的途徑。

English Abstract

In order to elucidate the possible genetic determinants of resistance to florfenicol and chloramphenicol in porcine Escherichia coli in Taiwan, 600 fecal samples of healthy pigs from 50 different farms were collected from 2003 to 2007. The florfenicol resistance in the isolated E. coli strains doubled from 39.2% in 2003 to 78.3% in 2007. A total of 351 florfenicol-resistant E. coli isolates were isolated from nursery pigs (61.5%), grower-finisher pigs (62.5%), and sows (51.5%). The prevalence of resistance genes, floR, cmlA, cat-1, cat-2 and cat-3, was 82.9, 61.3, 10.8, 3.7, and 0%, respectively. Of the 351 florfenicol-resistant isolates, 184 (52.4%) were positive for both floR and cmlA. Furthermore, the results of efflux inhibitor studies with Phe-Arg-β-naphthylamide showed a 4- to 64-fold decrease in the florfenicol MIC levels. The FloR efflux pump may play a role in phenicol resistance among porcine E. coli isolates in Taiwan. More detailed studies are required to focus on the public health concerns about the spread of antimicrobial resistance from animal food products to humans through the food chain.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 藥理醫學