Title

不/可計量的親密關係:老T搬家三探

Translated Titles

(In)Calculable Intimacies: Moving House Thrice Visited

DOI

10.29816/TARQSS.201012.0001

Authors

趙彥寧(Antonia Chao)

Key Words

金錢 ; 酷兒研究 ; 親密關係 ; 日常生活倫理實作 ; money ; Queer studies ; intimacies ; everyday-life practices of ethics

PublicationName

台灣社會研究季刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

80期(2010 / 12 / 01)

Page #

3 - 56

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

Marx、Weber和Simmel等古典社會學理論家,多視金錢和貨幣制度為資本主義現代社會中的普世性量化準則,故而既存社會中的人、物和活動產生了前所未有的可互相參照的對應關係,該類關係也相當程度地扁平化了傳統的社會連結,或甚至淘空了這些連結的情感表述能力。在酷兒研究學界,儘管若干先驅學者已指出資本主義經濟邏輯加諸於非正統性/別社群生命政治中,既解放又拘束的雙邊效應,至今仍鮮少關於金錢運用之日常生活實作的研究。本文的研究對象為1970年代和1990年代初期不具文化資本的女同志社群,並藉由各社群成員之金錢流轉與禮物收送的實作,以分析認同、情感和人際倫理的建構與表述方式。1990年代的藍領T吧女同志們已漸援引金錢互換邏輯,以評量親密關係的倫理實作;而1970年代的「老T」社群成員,則多藉由「延期感知」和「越位感謝」的方式,以體會並遂行「圈內」關係。本文認為這兩個世代的差異,必須鑲嵌於既存的社會和經濟情境中方得理解,而1980年代末起日益深化的新自由主義政經脈絡,恐是理解上述差異最關鍵的結構性因素。

English Abstract

Classical social theorists, including Marx, Weber and Simmel, often deem monetary mechanism as the supreme principle that universalizes the interchangeable relationship between person, object and social activity. Owing to the socially dis-embedded nature of modern money, accordingly, traditional social linkages have been exceedingly weakened and thus the social individual's ways of expressing affects are limited. While a few scholars have pointed out the ambivalent role that money may play in constructing unconventional sexual identities and life politics, in the field of queer studies investigations into everyday-life practices of monetary exchanges are generally overlooked. Based on materials of long-term orthographical research, this paper compares two generations of Taiwanese lesbians in terms of monetary practices, self-identity formations, and exercises of ”in-circle” social ethics. It shows that the early 1990s generation had gradually imitated the monetary principle in adjudicating the values of intimacies, while the 1970s generation of ”elderly tomboys” have practiced ”delayed recognition” and ”vicarious gratitude” continually over the past four decades. To conclude, this paper argues for a more historically and socially trenched understanding of queer everyday life politics. Following such a critical vein, the seemingly divergent ways of practicing intimacy through monetary and gift transactions between the two generations of lesbians may be attributed to the increasingly powerful political-economic mechanism of neo-liberalism over the past two decades.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 社會學
Reference
  1. 趙彥寧(2000)。台灣同志研究的回顧與展望:一個關於文化生產的分析。台灣社會研究季刊,38,207-244。
    連結:
  2. 趙彥寧(2005)。老T搬家:全球化狀態下的酷兒文化公民身份初探。台灣社會研究季刊,57,41-85。
    連結:
  3. 趙彥寧(2008)。往生送死、親屬倫理與同志友誼:老T搬家續探。文化研究,6,153-194。
    連結:
  4. 瞿宛文(2001)。台灣產業政策成效之初步評估。台灣社會研究季刊,42,67-118。
    連結:
  5. 瞿宛文(2001)。全球化與自由化之後的台灣石化業。台灣社會研究季刊,44,13-48。
    連結:
  6. (1990).Brave New Families: Stories of Domestic Upheaval in late Twentieth Century America.New York:Basic Books.
  7. Polanyi, Karl. 1944. The Great Transformation. Boston: Beacon
  8. Bauman, Zygmunt(2003).Liquid Love: On the Frailty of Human Bonds.Cambridge:Policy.
  9. Berlant, Lauren(ed.)(2000).Intimacy.Chicago:Chicago University Press.
  10. Bourdieu, Pierre(1977).Outline of a Theory of Practice.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.
  11. Bourgois, Philippe(2002).In Search of Respect: Selling Crack in El Barrio.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.
  12. Butler, Judith(1993).Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of "Sex".New York:Routledge.
  13. Butler, Judith(1990).Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity.New York:Routledge.
  14. Chao, Antonia(2001).Drinks Stories, Penis, and Breasts: Lesbian Tomboys in Taiwan from 1960s to 1990s.Journal of Homosexuality,40(3/4),185-210.
  15. Chao, Yengning(1996).Cornell University, Department of Anthropology.
  16. Chasin, Alexandera(2000).Selling Out: The Gay and Lesbian Movement Goes to Market.New York:Palgtave.
  17. D''Emilio, John(1983).Capitalism and Gay Identity.Powers of Desire: The Politics of Sexuality,New York:
  18. Derrida, Jacques(1992).Given Time.Chicago:University of Chicago Press.
  19. Duneier, Mitchell(2000).Sidewalk.New York:Farrar, Straus and Gioux.
  20. Duneier, Mitchell(1994).Slim's Table: Race, Respectability and Masculinity.Chicago:University of Chicago Press.
  21. Feinberg, Leslie(1993).Stone Butch Blues.Ithaca:Firebrand.
  22. Foucault, Michel(1980).History of Sexuality Volume I: An Introduction.New York:Vintage.
  23. Gereffi, Gary(2002).Outsourcing and Changing Patterns of International Competition in the Apparel Commodity Chain.conference on "Responding to Globalization: Societies, Groups, and Individuals",Boulder, Colorado:
  24. Gereffi, Gary(1999).International Trade and Industrial Upgrading in the Apparel Commodity Chain.Journal of International Economics,48,37-70.
  25. Giddens, Anthony、周素鳳譯(2003)。親密關係的轉變:現代社會的性、愛、慾。台北:巨流。
  26. Gluckman, Amy(ed.),Reed, Betsy(ed.)(1997).Homo Economics: Capitalism, Community, and Lesbian and Gay Life.New York:Routledge.
  27. Habermas, Jürgen(1987).Theory of Communicative Action, Volume Two: Lifeworld and System: A Critique of Functionalist Reason.Boston:Beacon Press.
  28. Halberstam, Judith(1998).Female Masculinity.Durham:Duke University Press.
  29. Hochschild, Arlie Russell(2003).The Managed Heart: Commercialization of Human Feeling.Berkeley:University of California Press.
  30. Horner, Robyn(2001).Rethinking God as Gift: Marion, Derrida, and the Limits of Phenomenology.New York:Fordham University Press.
  31. Jamieson, Lynn,蔡明璋(譯)(2002).親密關係:現代社會的私人關係.台北:群學.
  32. Liao, Ping-hui(2003).Image Consumption and Trans-Local Discursive Practice: Decoding Advertisements in the Taipei MRT Mall.Postcolonial Studies,6(2),159-174.
  33. Liebow, Elliot,黃克先(譯)(2009).泰利的街角.台北:群學.
  34. Malinowski, Bronislaw(1984).Argonauts of the Western Pacific.Long Grove, IL:Waveland Press.
  35. Marcus, George E.(2002).The Gift and Globalization: A Prolegomenon to the Anthropological Study of Contemporary Finance Capital and Its Mentalities.The Enigma of Gift and Sacrifice,New York:
  36. Marcus, George E.(ed.)(1999).Paranoia Within Reason: A Casebook on Conspiracy as Explanation.Chicago:University of Chicago Press.
  37. Markowitz, Fran(ed.),Ashkennazi, Michael(ed.)(1999).Sex, Sexuality and the Anthropologist: Praxis Unsilenced.Urbana:University of Illinois Press.
  38. Marx, Karl(1977).Karl Marx, Selected Writings.Oxford, UK:Oxford University Press.
  39. Maurer, Bill(2006).The Anthropology of Money.Annual Review of Anthropology,35,15-36.
  40. Mauss, Marcel(2000).The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies.Glencoe:Free Press.
  41. Mauss, Marcel(2000).The Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies.New York:W. W. Norton.
  42. Nestle, Joan(1987).A Restricted Country.Ithaca:Firebrand.
  43. Nestle, Joan(ed.)(1992).The Persistent Desire: A Femme-Butch Reader.Boston:Alyson.
  44. Ong, Aihwa(ed.),Collier, Stephen J.(ed.)(2004).Global Assemblages: Technology Politics, and Ethics as Anthropological Problems.Malden, MA:Blackwell.
  45. Ortner, B. Sherry(1993).Theory of Anthropology Since the Sixties.Culture/Power/History: A Reader in Contemporary Social Theory,Princeton, NJ:
  46. Parry, Jonathan,Bloch, Maurice(1989).Introduction: Money and the Morality of Exchange.Money and the Morality of Exchange,Cambridge:
  47. Plummer, Ken(1995).Telling Sexual Stories: Power, Change and Social Worlds.London:Routledge.
  48. Rubin, Gayle(1984).Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality.Pleasure and Danger: Exploring Female Sexuality,London:
  49. Sahlins, Marshall(1972).Stone Age Economics.London:Tavistock.
  50. Sanders, Stefan(ed.),Truitt, Allison(ed.)(2007).Money: Ethnographic Encounters,Oxford:
  51. Sassen, Saskia(1992).The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo.New Jersey:Princeton University Press.
  52. Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky(1990).Epistemology of the Closet.Berkeley:University of California Press.
  53. Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky(2003).Touching Feeling: Affect, Pedagogy Performativity.Durham:Duke University.
  54. Senders, Katherine(2004).Business, Not Politics: The Making of the Gay Market.New York:Columbia University Press.
  55. Simmel, Georg(1990).The Philosophy of Money.London:Routledge.
  56. Stewart, Kathleen(2007).Ordinary Affects.Durham:Duke University Press.
  57. Veblen, Thorstein(2008).The Theory of the Leisure Class.Oxford:Oxford University Press.
  58. Walters, Suzanna Danuta(2003).All the Rage: The Story of Gay Visibility in America.Chicago:University of Chicago Press.
  59. Weber, Max(1971).From Max Weber: Essays on Sociology.New York:Oxford University Press.
  60. Weston, Kath(1991).Families We Choose: Lesbians, Gays, Kinship.New York:Columbia University Press.
  61. Weston, Kath,Rofel, Lisa B.(1984).Sexuality, Class, and Conflict in a Lesbian Workplace.Signs,9(4),623-646.
  62. Zelizer, Viviana A.(1997).The Social Meaning of Money: Pin Money Paychecks, Poor Relief, and Other Currencies.Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press.
  63. 吳永毅(1988)。論營造業中的國家—資本—勞動的關係:由非正式部門的個案研究所做的推論。台灣社會研究季刊,1(2/3),211-230。
  64. 李慈穎(2007)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。台灣大學社會學研究所。
  65. 夏鑄九(1992)。休閒的政治經濟學:對台灣的KTV之初步分析。戶外遊憩研究,5(2),1-12。
  66. 殷寶寧(2006)。情欲.國族.後殖民:誰的中山北路?。台北:左岸。
  67. 詹鍚奎(2002)。再見.黃磚路。台北:本土文化。
  68. 翟本瑞(1989)。投資公司發展的社會性意義。中國論壇,322,41-47。
  69. 翟本瑞(1989)。法律與秩序:夾縫中的地下投資公司。中國論壇,334,25-31。
  70. 趙彥寧(2001)。戴著草帽到處旅行:性/別、權力、國家。台北:巨流。
  71. 謝國雄(1999)。純勞動:台灣勞動體制諸論。台北:中研院社研所籌備處。
Times Cited
  1. 林韋伶(2012)。信賴、秘密與價值:跑單幫的交易地理。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2012。1-118。 
  2. 吳咨閔(2015)。身體觀的展演:舊金山卡斯楚GLBT歷史博物館。臺北藝術大學博物館研究所碩士班學位論文。2015。1-133。 
  3. 周芷萱(2015)。「三一八立法院佔領行動」參與者親密關係與劃界認同研究初探。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-84。 
  4. 李屹(2012)。「同志」的誕生:概念史視角下行為語意朝認同語意之轉型。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2012。1-166。 
  5. 黃孟雯(2010)。藝術作為社會行動實踐的模型︰以鄭淑麗的派樂西王國為例。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2010。1-62。