Title

社區成年民眾身體活動量、年齡與自評生理心理健康之關聯性

Translated Titles

Relationships between physical activity, age, and self-rated physical and psychological health in community-dwelling adults

DOI

10.6288/TJPH.202102_40(1).109092

Authors

翁成傑(Cheng-Chie Weng);陳煒(Wei Chen);王政偉(Cheng-Wei Wang);楊惠斐(Hui-Fei Yang);王建宇(Jian-Yu Wang);黃琬婷(Wan-Ting Huang);范聖育(Sheng-Yu Fan)

Key Words

年齡 ; 身體活動量 ; 自評生理健康 ; 自評心理健康 ; age ; physical activity ; self-rated physical health ; self-rated psychological health

PublicationName

台灣公共衛生雜誌

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

40卷1期(2021 / 02 / 26)

Page #

100 - 110

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

目標:研究欲探索:(1)社區成年民眾身體活動量與自評生理與心理健康的關聯性;以及(2)在不同層級的身體活動量中,年齡與自評健康為線性或U型曲線之關係。方法:研究參與者為社區成年民眾,於教育部體育署舉辦之國民體適能檢測站進行資料收集,包括人口學資料、身體活動量、以及自評生理與心理健康。使用階層迴歸進行統計分析。結果:研究共招募2,212位研究參與者,依照身體活動量區分為高中低三組。控制人口學變項後,高度與中度身體活動量的研究參與者在自評健康(高度Beta = 0.12,中度Beta = 0.20,p值皆小於0.001)、自評生理健康(高度Beta = 0.09,中度Beta = 0.17,p值皆小於0.001)、自評心理健康(高度Beta =0.12,中度Beta = 0.19,p值皆小於0.001)皆顯著高於低度身體活動量者。在三組身體活動量,年齡皆與自評健康為線性正相關,年齡越大分數越高。結論:身體活動與年齡越高,社區成年民眾的自評生理與心理健康越佳。

English Abstract

Objectives: The aims of this study were to investigate whether (1) physical activity is significantly associated with self-rated physical and psychological health in community-dwelling adults and (2) associations between age and self-rated physical and psychological health are linear or U-shaped for various physical activity levels. Methods: The participants were community-dwelling adults, and data were collected from physical fitness exam stations operated by the Sports Administration, Ministry of Education. Demographic characteristics, physical activity, and self-rated physical and psychological health statuses were collected. Hierarchical regression was used for statistical analysis. Results: In total, 2,212 adults were recruited and divided into high, moderate, and low physical activity groups. After controlling demographic characteristics, adults in high and moderate physical activity groups had significantly higher self-rated health (high: β = .12; moderate: β = .20, both p < .001), self-rated physical health (high: β = .09; moderate: β = .17, both p < .001), and self-rated psychological health (high: β = .12; moderate: β = .19, both p < .001) than those in the low physical activity group. In addition, linear and positive relationships were observed between age and self-rated physical and psychological health in the three physical activity groups. Conclusions: Adults with high physical activity and old age tended to have good self-rated physical and psychological health.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 預防保健與衛生學
醫藥衛生 > 社會醫學