Title

大衆化的網路監管與威權體制:中國大陸的網路「舉報」制度

Translated Titles

Popularized Internet Regulation in Authoritarian Regimes: The Online "Informing" System in Mainland China

DOI

10.6229/CPSR.202106_(71).0004

Authors

周嘉辰(Chelsea C. Chou);黃佳雯(Chia-wen Huang)

Key Words

大眾化監管 ; 威權政體 ; 網路審查 ; 舉報制度 ; Authoritarian Regimes ; Informing System ; Internet Censorship ; Popularized Regulation

PublicationName

政治學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

71期(2021 / 06 / 01)

Page #

99 - 129

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本文探究中國大陸的網路言論監管制度,我們發現,目前網路言論的監管開始出現「大眾化」的趨勢。透過建立網路舉報制度,中國政府鼓勵人民在網路世界裡進行廣泛的舉報,使人人都成為網路言論的監管者,讓民間人士主動幫助政府監管網路世界的每個角落。為了瞭解一般網民對於這種舉報制度的態度,本文利用深入訪談以說明舉報制度如何在一般網民間獲得響應。我們發現,人人有責的道德責任感是促使網民主動參與舉報的主要原因,而過往的舉報經驗與相關的獎勵措施也有助於網民繼續加入舉報的行列。由於網路舉報相當廣泛,中國網民的自我審查已相當嚴重。然而,除了舉報虛假訊息或政治意見之外,中國網民也開始利用舉報制度來達到自己的目的。這種使用方式常產生舉報制度未預期的效果,包括不同網民群體之間的大規模爭論,對中國政府的網路監管帶來更多的挑戰。

English Abstract

This article explores the internet regulation in Mainland China. We find that the current pattern of internet regulation has begun to be "popularized." By establishing an online informing system, the Chinese government encourages ordinary people to make extensive reports in the online world, making everyone a regulator of online speech, and allowing individuals to take the initiative to help the government regulate every corner of the internet content. In order to understand whether Chinese netizens support this system, we use in-depth interviews to illustrate how the informing system is welcomed by internet users. We find that the sense of morality that everyone is responsible for internet regulation is the main reason that motivates individuals to become an informant, and the past reporting experience and related incentive measures also help netizens continue to participate in. Due to the wide range of online informing, the self-censorship of Chinese netizens has become very serious. However, in addition to reporting false information and political opinions, Chinese netizens have begun to use the informing system to achieve their own goals. This often produces unexpected effects, including large-scale disputes between different groups of netizens, and hence brings more challenges to the Chinese government to regulate the internet.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 政治學