Title

感恩、社會支持及幸福感之研究:中介效果模式之驗證

Translated Titles

Exploring the Relationships among Gratitude, Social Support, and Well-Being: A Test of a Mediated-Effects Model

DOI

10.30074/FJMH.201409_27(3).0005

Authors

林志哲(Chih-Che Lin)

Key Words

感恩 ; 中介效果模式 ; 社會支持 ; 幸福感 ; gratitude ; mediated-effects model ; social support ; well-being

PublicationName

中華心理衛生學刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

27卷3期(2014 / 09 / 01)

Page #

453 - 482

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

研究目的:旨在利用中介效果模式,分析感恩、社會支持及幸福感之關聯性。以往相關研究多採用直接效果模式,本研究則採取中介效果模式,以進一步了解感恩是如何透過社會支持的中介途徑,而對幸福感造成影響。研究方法:採用問卷調查法,蒐集臺灣地區609名大學生資料。研究工具包括感恩量表、社會支持量表及幸福感量表。以積差相關、多元迴歸、結構方程模式等統計方法進行資料分析。研究結果:1.感恩、社會支持及幸福感三者之間有顯著相關。2.感恩能有效預測社會支持及幸福感,社會支持亦可有效預測幸福感。3.就直接效果而言,感恩對幸福感具有正向影響;以中介效果視之,感恩則透過社會支持的中介作用,間接影響幸福感。研究結論:個人感恩、社會支持及幸福感的關聯性,可提供學校行政、教師及研究者在實務上的運用及未來研究參考。

English Abstract

Purpose: This study analyzed the relationships among gratitude, social support, and well-being via a mediated-effects model. In the past, the use of directed-effects models did not address important theoretical issues concerning the means through which individuals' gratitude achieves an impact on well-being, or how contextual forces influence the effect of gratitude on well-being. Using structural equation modeling (SEM), we examined the relationship between gratitude and well-being as mediated by the condition of social support. Methods: A survey was used to gather responses from a sample of 609 university students from freshman to seniors in Taiwan. Three related questionnaires were used to measure the major variables. Data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation, multiple regression analysis, and SEM. Results: The main findings were as follows: (1) There were significant correlations among gratitude, social support, and well-being. (2) Gratitude significantly predicted social support and well-being. Social support predicted well-being. (3) The results from a directed-effects model showed gratitude had an impact on well-being. The results from a mediated-effects model indicated that social support did entail the significant mediated effect of gratitude on well-being. Conclusions: Accorging to results, we knew the importance of gratitude and social support for well-being of university students. Thus, some suggestions about how to improve and strengthen university students' gratitude and social support were provided for university administration, teachers, and researchers.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 心理學
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