Title

台灣地區日常生活功能獨立之中老年人體適能與年齡性別相關探討

Translated Titles

Assessment of Physical Fitness to Age and Sex in Middle and Older Persons with Independent Activities of Daily Living

Authors

陳凱華(Kai-Hua Chen);周適偉(Shi-Wei Chou);林瀛洲(In-Chou Lin);蘇先河(River S. H. Su);黃偉舜(Wei-Shun Huang);黃美涓(Alice M. K. Wong)

Key Words

體適能 ; 年齡 ; 平衡 ; 反應時間 ; physical fitness ; age ; balance ; reaction time

PublicationName

中華民國復健醫學會雜誌

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

31卷3期(2003 / 09 / 01)

Page #

139 - 145

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

Previous studies have investigated the relationship between impaired physical fitness and the decline of living function in the elderly population. This study is to investigate the fitness profile in the middle and older persons, and to observe the effect of age on fitness. This study recruited 108 subjects, with independent ambulation skills in a Taipei community. There were 59 males and 49 females. The average age was 70.0±6.2 year-old in male and 65.9±8.9 year-old in female, respectively. The fitness components, including body composition, muscle fitness, flexibility, cardiopulmonary fitness, balance, and reaction time, were measured by either field or laboratory methods. The results revealed significantly differences in flexibility, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and forced vital capacity (FVC) between the two sexes (p<0.05). Muscle fitness and FEV1 declined in male subjects as their age increase (p<0.05). In female subjects, age increase revealed significant decline in cardiopulmonary fitness, increase in reaction time, and decrease in standing time with eyes closed (p<0.05). However, flexibility in female subjects seemed to improve with age increase (p<0.05). There were no significant correlations between the effect of aging and the remaining measured fitness components. In conclusion, most of the fitness components in middle and older persons exhibited negative correlations with age increase. Male subjects revealed significant decline in muscle fitness and cardiopulmonary fitness. Female subjects, on the other hand, revealed significant decline in cardiopulmonary fitness, visual reaction time and balance capability. The effect of age on physical fitness in other races needs further investigations.

English Abstract

Previous studies have investigated the relationship between impaired physical fitness and the decline of living function in the elderly population. This study is to investigate the fitness profile in the middle and older persons, and to observe the effect of age on fitness. This study recruited 108 subjects, with independent ambulation skills in a Taipei community. There were 59 males and 49 females. The average age was 70.0±6.2 year-old in male and 65.9±8.9 year-old in female, respectively. The fitness components, including body composition, muscle fitness, flexibility, cardiopulmonary fitness, balance, and reaction time, were measured by either field or laboratory methods. The results revealed significantly differences in flexibility, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and forced vital capacity (FVC) between the two sexes (p<0.05). Muscle fitness and FEV1 declined in male subjects as their age increase (p<0.05). In female subjects, age increase revealed significant decline in cardiopulmonary fitness, increase in reaction time, and decrease in standing time with eyes closed (p<0.05). However, flexibility in female subjects seemed to improve with age increase (p<0.05). There were no significant correlations between the effect of aging and the remaining measured fitness components. In conclusion, most of the fitness components in middle and older persons exhibited negative correlations with age increase. Male subjects revealed significant decline in muscle fitness and cardiopulmonary fitness. Female subjects, on the other hand, revealed significant decline in cardiopulmonary fitness, visual reaction time and balance capability. The effect of age on physical fitness in other races needs further investigations.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥總論
Times Cited
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  3. 吳克君(2012)。環狀運動訓練介入對心血管疾病中高齡危險族群之健康體適能與血液生物標記分析研究。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-112。
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