Title

木質材料以硼酸/有機胺系藥劑化學改良對其耐燃性與保存性之影響

Translated Titles

Effects of Chemical Modification with Boric Acid and Amine Systems on Fire Retardancy and Durability of Wood

DOI

10.7075/TJFS.200206.0257

Authors

李鴻麟(Hong-Lin Lee);林勝傑(Shung-Jei Lin)

Key Words

化學改良 ; 耐燃性 ; 耐腐朽性 ; 抗白蟻性 ; 硼酸 ; 脂肪族有機胺 ; 芳香族有機胺 ; 疏水性 ; 色變 ; chemical modification ; fire retardancy ; decay resistance ; termite resistance ; boric acid ; aliphatic amine ; aromatic amine ; hydrophobicity ; discoloration

PublicationName

臺灣林業科學

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

17卷2期(2002 / 06 / 01)

Page #

257 - 268

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究旨在探討木質材料經化學改良後之耐燃性、耐腐朽性與抗白蟻性。化學改良方法係將木材以硼酸/脂肪族有機胺(丙胺、丁胺、己胺及辛胺)、硼酸/芳香族有機胺(苯胺、對甲基苯胺、對甲氧基苯胺及對硝基苯胺)等組合藥劑反應而成。試驗結果顯示:木材以硼酸/有機胺等藥劑處理後並不能顯著地改善其耐燃性;木材以硼酸/辛胺、硼酸/對甲氧基苯胺、硼酸對硝基苯胺等藥劑處理具有較爲優異之耐腐朽性;木材以硼酸/辛胺、硼酸/芳香族有機胺等藥劑處理具有較爲優異之抗白蟻性;木材以硼酸/芳香族有機胺處理較之以硼酸/脂肪族有機胺處理具有較優異之疏水性;木材以硼酸/脂肪族有機胺處理較之以硼酸/芳香族有機胺處理具有較小之色變。

English Abstract

The purpose of this research was to evaluate the thermal properties and decay and termite resistance of chemically modified wood. The wood was chemically modified by reacting it with a combination of boric acid and aliphatic amines(propylamine, butylamine, hexylamine, and octylamine) and boric acid and aromatic amines(aniline, p-toludine, p-anisidine, and 4-nitroanoline). Results indicate that treating wood with boric acid and amines did not significantly improve its fire retardancy. Wood samples treated with boric acid/octylamine, boric acid/p-anisidine, and boric acid/4-nitroaniline were very resistant to decay fungi. Wood samples treated with boric acid/octylamine and boric acid/all 4 aromatic amine combinations were also very resistant to termites. Wood treated with boric acid/aliphatic amines. Wood treated with boric acid/aliphatic amine combinations resulted in less wood discoloration than that produced by with boric acid/aromatic amine treatments.

Topic Category 生物農學 > 農業
生物農學 > 森林
生物農學 > 畜牧
生物農學 > 漁業
Times Cited
  1. 王健霖(2013)。複合型防腐藥劑對木材耐腐朽性與尺寸安定性之影響。屏東科技大學木材科學與設計系所學位論文。2013。1-65。