Translated Titles

Raise Your Plickers Cards: Using a Formative E-Assessment to Examine the Effects of a Paper Interactive Response System on the Learning Effectiveness of Quantitative Courses




龔心怡(Hsin-Yi Kung);李靜儀(Ching-Yi Lee)

Key Words

Plickers ; 行動研究 ; 紙本即時回饋系統 ; 量化課程成效 ; 線上形成性評量 ; Plickers ; Action Research ; Paper Interactive Response System ; Quantitative Course Effectiveness ; Formative E-Assessment



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

28卷S期(2020 / 12 / 01)

Page #

403 - 427

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

During the development of curriculum frameworks for education-related departments, quantitative courses are often listed as compulsory or elective courses. However, quantitative courses are generally unpopular among students. Students disinterested in numbers are disengaged and show reduced motivation to keep up with the course. Such students develop anxiety toward learning, which consequently impacts their learning effectiveness. Using a formative e-assessment approach, the study investigated the effects of a paper Interactive Response System (paper-IRS)-Plickers-on students' concentration, engagement, and performance in their quantitative course. The study applied action research to an 18-week quantitative educational statistics course carried out from February to June in 2019. Participants were 17 graduate students. A mixed-method was used for data collection and analysis. Results showed that (1) Plickers-assisted learning can be effectively integrated into quantitative courses in higher education, and can effectively improve students' concentration, engagement, and performance in an educational statistics course; (2) through the process of action research, Plickers-assisted learning highlighted the features of formative e-assessment and summative assessment; and (3) in the cyclical process of action research, the Transformation, Reflection, Application, Critical/Creative thinking, and Kindling (TRACK) framework can be applied as a reflective process for teachers and an adjustment tool for students. Finally, several suggestions for teaching and research are presented.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 教育學