Title

Measurement Issues Related to Observational Methods

Translated Titles

觀察法的測量議題

DOI

10.6563/TJHS.2000.2(1).7

Authors

高美玲(Meei-Ling Gau)

Key Words

觀察法 ; 測量議題 ; observational methods ; measurement issues

PublicationName

醫護科技學刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2卷1期(2000 / 01 / 01)

Page #

99 - 112

Content Language

英文

Chinese Abstract

觀察是一個透過感官,系統性地蒐集資料的過程。它能提供不同且深入的訊息,而且這些訊息是很難由其他資料收集法來得到。然而,觀察法卻有倫理上的困難和感應效果的缺點。另外,觀察法最常見的問題為資料容易被曲解及有偏差。本文的目的乃在討論觀察法的常見議題以及處理這些議題的方法。雖然觀察法的問題及難處可能無法完全除去,但仍可以藉由清楚的研究問題與清楚的訂出主要變數的操作性定義、具有邏輯性的觀察流程、記錄與資料判讀,以及謹慎的觀察者訓練來將這些問題與困難減到最小。

English Abstract

Observation involves systematically gathering data through the senses. It provides a variety and depth of information that is difficult to obtain with other data-collection methods. However, shortcomings of the observational approach cannot be overlooked, includinge ethical difficulties and reactivity effects. A pervasive problem is the vulnerability of observational data to distortions and biases. This study discusses measurement issues related to observational methods and introduce strategies to deal with these issues. Although the problems and difficulties of observational methods probably cannot be completely eliminated, they can be minimized through (1) clear conceptualization of the problems to be studied, (2) operationalization of key variables, (3) a logical protocol for observing, recording and interpreting data, and (4) careful training of observers.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 預防保健與衛生學
醫藥衛生 > 社會醫學