Title

大專優秀運動選手平衡能力之比較研究

Translated Titles

Comparisons of Dynamic Posturography and One-Leg Stance in Elite College Athletes

Authors

胡名霞(Ming-Hsia Hu);何浩君(Hao-Chun Ho);王傑賢(Jye-Shyan Wang)

Key Words

跆拳道 ; 柔道 ; 軟綱 ; 桌球 ; 游泳 ; 平衡能力 ; Taekwondo ; Judo ; Soft tennis ; Table tennis ; Swim ; Balance

PublicationName

物理治療

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

30卷1期(2005 / 02 / 01)

Page #

33 - 40

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

Purpose: Balance ability is an important domain of sports-related physical fitness. The purpose of this study is to compare the static and dynamic balance performance in five groups of elite college athletes as well as the differences between male and female athletes. Methods: Athletic teams at a national university were screened and invited to participate in this study. The inclusion criteria were (1) scored among the top 5 list of group B (non- physical education major) of National College Cup in the year of 2004; (2) contained more than 5 males and 5 females; (3) coach consent to participate. Five males and 5 females without recent injuries in the neuromusculoskeletal system from each of the Taekwondo, Judo, soft tennis, table tennis, and swim teams participated in this study. A total of 50 subjects (25 males, 25 females) completed the dynamic posturographic test (Smart Balance Master system, NeuroCom Internation Inc.) and the one-leg stance test. The average age of subjects were 21.68 years old, average height was 168 cm, and average weight was 63.27 kgs. The dynamic posturographic test included the rhythmic weight shift test in the mediolateral and anterioposterior directions, the sustained weight shift test towards eight peripheral targets, and the sensory organization test. Results: The table tennis players demonstrated better mediolateral directional control during rhythmic weight shift than the swimmers (p<0.05). The Taekwondo players demonstrated better anterioposterior direction control during rhythmic weight shift than the table tennis players (p<0.05). The Taekwondo players also demonstrated shorter sustained weight shift reaction time in the left-front direction than soft tennis players (p<0.05). The table tennis players shifted weight faster than the swimers in the right-posterior direction (p<0.05). The Judo players and swimmers were more stable than the table tennis players under the eyes closed with sway-referenced surface condition of the sensory organization test (p<0.05). Female athletes were more stable than female athletes under the eyes closed or sway-referenced visual with sway-referenced surface conditions (p<0.01). However, male athletes stood significantly longer than female athletes during the first trial of one-leg stance test with eyes closed on the left leg (p<0.05). Conclusion: The study revealed different superiority in dynamic weight shift ability and sensory organization balance ability among the five athletic teams and between male and female athletes. The differences revealed in this study might be due to training effect or innate motor ability.

English Abstract

Purpose: Balance ability is an important domain of sports-related physical fitness. The purpose of this study is to compare the static and dynamic balance performance in five groups of elite college athletes as well as the differences between male and female athletes. Methods: Athletic teams at a national university were screened and invited to participate in this study. The inclusion criteria were (1) scored among the top 5 list of group B (non- physical education major) of National College Cup in the year of 2004; (2) contained more than 5 males and 5 females; (3) coach consent to participate. Five males and 5 females without recent injuries in the neuromusculoskeletal system from each of the Taekwondo, Judo, soft tennis, table tennis, and swim teams participated in this study. A total of 50 subjects (25 males, 25 females) completed the dynamic posturographic test (Smart Balance Master system, NeuroCom Internation Inc.) and the one-leg stance test. The average age of subjects were 21.68 years old, average height was 168 cm, and average weight was 63.27 kgs. The dynamic posturographic test included the rhythmic weight shift test in the mediolateral and anterioposterior directions, the sustained weight shift test towards eight peripheral targets, and the sensory organization test. Results: The table tennis players demonstrated better mediolateral directional control during rhythmic weight shift than the swimmers (p<0.05). The Taekwondo players demonstrated better anterioposterior direction control during rhythmic weight shift than the table tennis players (p<0.05). The Taekwondo players also demonstrated shorter sustained weight shift reaction time in the left-front direction than soft tennis players (p<0.05). The table tennis players shifted weight faster than the swimers in the right-posterior direction (p<0.05). The Judo players and swimmers were more stable than the table tennis players under the eyes closed with sway-referenced surface condition of the sensory organization test (p<0.05). Female athletes were more stable than female athletes under the eyes closed or sway-referenced visual with sway-referenced surface conditions (p<0.01). However, male athletes stood significantly longer than female athletes during the first trial of one-leg stance test with eyes closed on the left leg (p<0.05). Conclusion: The study revealed different superiority in dynamic weight shift ability and sensory organization balance ability among the five athletic teams and between male and female athletes. The differences revealed in this study might be due to training effect or innate motor ability.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥總論
Times Cited
  1. 黃慶旻(2011)。跆拳道選手與一般大學生腹部核心肌群與動態平衡之差異。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-50。
  2. 陳琬茹(2012)。長期練習瑜珈的中年女性其平衡能力之探討。成功大學體育健康與休閒研究所學位論文。2012。1-49。
  3. 張腕心(2012)。不同運動型態對中老年女性平衡能力與功能性體適能的影響。臺灣師範大學運動科學研究所學位論文。2012。1-51。
  4. 曹涵婷(2015)。感覺整合測試的同時效度、練習效應、雙重作業虧損:ㄧ般青少年與韻律體操運動員。中山醫學大學物理治療學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-97。