Title

複合式訓練對擊劍運動員下肢等速肌力之影響

Translated Titles

Effect of Complex Training on Lower Limb Isokinetic Muscle Strength in Fencers

DOI

10.5297/ser.201903_21(1).0003

Authors

王三財(San-Tsai Wang);侯建文(Chien-Wen Hou);陳竑廷(Hung-Ting Chen);邱玉惠(Yu-Hui Chiu);陳奕良(Yi-Liang Chen)

Key Words

增強式訓練 ; 峰力矩 ; 慣用腳 ; plyometric training ; peak torque ; dominant leg

PublicationName

大專體育學刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

21卷1期(2019 / 03 / 31)

Page #

30 - 46

Content Language

繁體中文;英文

Chinese Abstract

本研究目的在探討5週先重量後增強與先增強後重量之複合式訓練順序對下肢肌力之影響。以33名的高中擊劍運動員為研究對象,隨機分成重量訓練(weight training,以下簡稱W)+增強式訓練(plyometric training,以下簡稱P)組(先實施W,再實施P)及P+W組(先實施P後,再實施W)兩組,展開為期5週之訓練計畫,依組別分別進行每週3次,每次60分鐘之複合式訓練,並融入訓練計畫中。研究結果顯示在P+W跟W+P兩組膝關節60°/s的慣用腳屈肌的峰力矩、相對峰力矩、平均功率及平均力矩均達到顯著差異。伸肌峰力矩、相對峰力矩、平均功率及平均力矩亦達到顯著差異。在60°/s的非慣用腳屈肌及伸肌,未達到顯著差異。P+W跟W+P兩組膝關節180°/s之慣用腳及非慣用腳屈、伸肌,除180°/s慣用腳總作功量及平均力矩經訓練後達到顯著差異,其餘皆未達到顯著差異。本研究結論:先增強後重量之複合式訓練順序,較能有效提升慣用腳在60°/s能顯著增加下肢等速膝屈肌最大力矩,建議可將複合式訓練應用於擊劍項目之肌力與體能訓練,藉以增強擊劍長刺技術時小腿前跨帶動及後腿負重推蹬力量。

English Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 5-week complex training consisted of different sequence of weight training followed by plyometric training, and plyometric training followed by weight training sessions on the lower body muscle strength. Thirty fencers from senior high schools were participated in this study, and randomly categorized into two groups. One group (weight training [W] + plyometric training [P]) performed weight training before plyometric training and the other group (P + W) performed plyometric training before weight training for a period of 5-week. Plyometric training of the compound strength training in both groups was 60-min each time and three times per week. The results showed significant group differences in peak torque, peak torque to body weight, average power and average torque of flexors of the dominant leg for knee joint at 60°/s. There were significant differences in extensors with peak torque, peak torque to body weight, average power, and average torque. No significant differences were found in the flexors and extensors of the non-dominant leg at 60°/s. In addition, no significant group differences were noticed in peak torque, peak torque to body weight, time to peak torque, total volume of work, average power, and average torque for flexors/extensors of the dominant and non-dominant legs for knee joint at 180°/s after training. However, total work and average torque for the dominant leg at 180°/s were significantly different. It is concluded that the complex training of plyometric training followed by weight training significantly increased the maximum torque of lower limb isokinetic knee flexors in dominant leg at 60°/s. Our findings recommended that complex training could be applied to strength and conditioning training programs for fencing athletes. In order to enhance the fencing lunge skills of the calves, forward lunges will drive weight-bearing rear foot push off power.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 體育學
Reference
  1. 吳慧君, H.-J.,鍾雨純, Y.-C.,彭武村, W.-T.,羅興樑, S.-L.,陳竑廷, H.-T.(2011)。複合式訓練對籃球選手下肢肌力、速度及爆發力之影響。大專體育學刊,13(2),173-180。
    連結:
  2. 吳慧君, H.-J.,羅興樑, S.-L.(2009)。複合式訓練對肌力及爆發力之影響。運動生理暨體能學報,9,1-8。
    連結:
  3. 吳顥照, H.-C.(2003)。複合訓練的理論與應用。中華體育季刊,17(3),1-10。
    連結:
  4. 林威名, W.-M.,張吉堯, C.-Y.,林國全, K.-C.,陳克舟, K.-C.(2017)。橄欖球選手下肢爆發力之訓練與檢測方法。中原體育學報,10,60-68。
    連結:
  5. 徐吉德, C.-T.,徐瑞洪, J.-H.,劉俊概, C.-K.(2005)。牽張─收縮機制應用於拔河肌力訓練之可行性探討。中華體育季刊,19(4),78-83。
    連結:
  6. 翁士航, S.-H.,俞智贏, C.-Y.,謝富秀, F.-H.(2015)。複合式訓練對改善競技體操表現之應用。大專體育,135,45-52。
    連結:
  7. 陳克舟, K.-C.,張吉堯, C.-Y.,林國全, K.-C.,何金山, C.-S.,周進發, C.-F.(2017)。複合式訓練對排球選手防守敏捷能力、爆發力與加速度之影響。運動教練科學,45,25-33。
    連結:
  8. 陳啟中, Q.-Z.,梁玉秋, Y.-C.,陳世昌, S.-C.,黃泰源, T.-Y.,何健章, C.-C.(2013)。短期複合式訓練對優秀橄欖球運動員最大肌力表現之影響。長榮運動休閒學刊,7,68-79。
    連結:
  9. 蔡宗晏, Z.-Y.(2005)。複合訓練之探討。大專體育,79,165-170。
    連結:
  10. Adigüzel, N. S.,Günay, M.(2016).The effect of eight weeks plyometric training on anaerobic power, counter movement jumping and isokinetic strength in 15–18 years basketball players.International Journal of Environmental & Science Education,11(10),3241-3250.
  11. Andrew, D. P.,Kovaleski, J. E.,Heitman, R. J.,Robinson, T. L.(2010).Effects of three modified plyometric depth jumps and periodized weight training on lower extremity power.The Sport Journal,13(1),1-12.
  12. Arazi, H.,Coetzee, B.,Asadi, A.(2012).Comparative effect of land- and aquatic-based plyometric training on the jumping ability and agility of young basketball players.South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation,34(2),1-14.
  13. Asadi, A.(2013).Effects of in-season short-term plyometric training on jumping and agility performance of basketball players.Sport Science for Health,9(3),133-137.
  14. Asadi, A.(2014).Monitoring plyometric exercise intensity using rating of perceived exertion scale.Physical Activity Review,1,10-15.
  15. Baechle, T. R.,Earle, R. W.(2012).Weight training: Steps to success.Champaign, IL:Human Kinetics.
  16. Comyns, T. M.,Harrison, A. J.,Hennessy, L.,Jensen, R. L.(2007).Identifying the optimal resistive load for complex training in male rugby players.Sports Biomechanics,6(1),59-70.
  17. de Villarreal, E. S.,Kellis, E.,Kraemer, W. J.,Izquierdo, M.(2009).Determining variables of plyometric training for improving vertical jump height performance: A meta-analysis.Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,23(2),495-506.
  18. Dodd, D. J.,Alvar, B. A.(2007).Analysis of acute explosive training modalities to improve lowerbody power in baseball players.Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,21(4),1177-1182.
  19. Ebben, W. P.,Jensen, R. L.,Blackard, D. O.(2000).Electromyographic and kinetic analysis of complex training variables.Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,14(4),451-456.
  20. Ebben, W. P.,Watts, P. B.(1998).A review of combined weight training and plyometric training modes: Complex training.Strength and Conditioning,20(5),18-27.
  21. Ioannis, G. F.,Athanasios, Z. J.,Leontsini, D.,Kyriakos, T.,Aggelousis, N.,Kostopoulos, N.,Philip, B.(2000).Evaluation of plyometric exercise training, weight training, and their combination on vertical jumping performance and leg strength.Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,14(4),470-476.
  22. Jones, P.,Lees, A.(2003).A biomechanical analysis of the acute effects of complex training using lower limb exercises.Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,17(4),694-700.
  23. Kotzamanidis, C.(2006).Effect of plyometric training on running performance and vertical jumping in prepubertal boys.The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,20(2),441-445.
  24. MacDonald, C. J.,Lamont, H. S.,Garner, J. C.(2012).A comparison of the effects of 6 weeks of traditional resistance training, plyometric training, and complex training on measures of strength and anthropometrics.Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,26(2),422-431.
  25. Mangine, G. T.,Ratamess, N. A.,Hoffman, J. R.,Faigenbaum, A. D.,Kang, J.,Chilakos, A.(2008).The effects of combined ballistic and heavy resistance training on maximal lower- and upper-body strength in recreationally trained men.Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,22(1),132-139.
  26. Martínez-López, E. J.,Benito-Martínez, E.,HitaContreras, F.,Lara-Sánchez, A.,MartínezAmat, A.(2012).Effects of electrostimulation and plyometric training program combination on jump height in teenage athletes.Journal of Sports Science and Medicine,11(4),727-735.
  27. Mihalik, J. P.,Libby, J. J.,Battaglini, C. L.,McMurray, R. G.(2008).Comparing short-term complex and compound training programs on vertical jump height and power output.Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,22(1),47-53.
  28. Mirzaei, B.,Norasteh, A. A.,Asadi, A.(2013).Neuromuscular adaptation to plyometric training: Depth jump versus countermovement jump on sand.Sport Science for Health,9(3),145-149.
  29. Myer, G. D.,Ford, K. R.,Brent, J. L.,Hewett, T. E.(2006).The effects of plyometric vs. dynamic stabilization and balance training on power, balance, and landing force in female athletes.The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research,20(2),345-335.
  30. Poulos, N.,Chaouachi, A.,Buchheit, M.,Slimani, D.,Haff, G. G.,Newton, R. U.(2018).Complex training and countermovement jump performance across multiple sets: Effect of back squat intensity.Kinesiology,50(1 Suppl. 1.1),75-89.
  31. Robbins, D. W.,Young, W. B.,Behm, D. G.,Payne, W. R.(2009).Effects of agonist-antagonist complex resistance training on upper body strength and power development.Journal of Sports Sciences,27(14),1617-1625.
  32. Roi, G. S.,Mognoni, P.(1987).Lo spadista modello.Rivista di cultura Sportiva,6,50-57.
  33. Ronnestad, B. R.,Kvamme, N, H.,Sunde, A.,Raastad, T.(2008).Short-term effects of strength and plyometric training on sprint and jump performance in professional soccer players.Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,22(3),773-780.
  34. Seitz, L. B.,Haff, G. G.(2016).Factors modulating post-activation potentiation of jump, sprint, throw, and upper-body ballistic performances: A systematic review with meta-analysis.Sports Medicine,46(2),231-240.
  35. Sozbir, K.(2016).Effects of 6-week plyometric training on vertical jump performance and muscle activation of lower extremity muscles.The Sport Journal,1-18.
  36. Talpey, S.,Young, W. B.,Saunders, N.(2016).Is nine weeks of complex training effective for improving lower body strength, explosive muscle function, sprint and jumping performance?.International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching,11(5),1-10.
  37. Toumi, H.,Best, T. M.,Martin, A.,Poumarat, G.(2004).Muscle plasticity after weight and combined (weight + jump) training.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise,36(9),1580-1588.
  38. Tourny-Chollet, C.,Leroy, D.,Léger, H.,Beuret-Blanquart, F(2000).Isokinetic knee muscle strength of soccer players according to their position.Isokinetics and Exercise Science,8(4),187-193.
  39. 郭黎, L.,陳文鶴, W.-H.,苑廷剛, T.-G.(2010)。優秀擊劍運動員下肢三關節等速肌力測試分析。中國運動醫學雜誌,29(2),163-169。
Times Cited
  1. 林嘉芬,何承訓,王順正(2019)。動態貼布貼紮對女子排球員下肢肌力之影響。運動生理暨體能學報,29,1-8。