Title

三至八歲聽覺障礙兒童語音聽知覺接受力之研究

Translated Titles

Mandarin Auditory Speech Perception Capability of Hearing Impaired Children at Ages 3 to 8

Authors

陳小娟(Hsiao-Chuan Chen)

Key Words
PublicationName

特殊教育與復健學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

7期(1999 / 06 / 01)

Page #

51 - 78

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

「語言聽知覺測驗」是一個由十一個分測驗組合而成可用來測試三至八歲聽覺障礙兒童對「語言接受力」的測驗庫,本研究以此測驗為工具,測驗三至八歲之聽覺正常兒童30名與配戴助聽器的聽覺障礙兒童191名。主要的目的包括比較聽常與聽障兒童之測驗得分分布情形、探討聽障兒童在十一個分測驗之相關、子測驗是否難度相近、不同年齡組別中各分測驗之排序及其與聽覺反應層次之關係,以及找出對總分最有預測力的三至四個分測驗。研究結果顯示(一)聽常兒童在十個分測驗之得分都在85%以上,而聽覺障礙兒童之得分則 介於34%~82%之間;三、四、五歲聽常兒童在某幾個分測驗的表現顯著低於較大的年齡組,而聽障兒童也有類似之現象,似乎認知能力及語言方面之知識有助於較佳之表現,(二)各分測驗得分及總分彼此之相關達0.001顯著水準,(三)分測驗三、四與九的各個版本可視為難度相近的題本,(四)不同年齡組別內,各分測驗得分高低之排序不盡相同,但是整體而言,與聽覺反應之層次呈現對應之關係,(五)對總分最具預測力的三至四個分測驗及迴 歸公式分別依年齡組找出。

English Abstract

A mandarin auditory speech perception test battery was developed for hearing impaired children at ages 3 to 8. The norm was established on 191 gearing impaired children who wore hearing aids. Thirty normal hearing children, 3 to 8 years old, were tested as a control group. The test battery is composed of eleven subtests. Normal hearing children scored above 85% while hearing impaired children scored between 34% to 82% for ten subtests. Three, four, and five-years-old normal hearing groups performed significantly lower than some older aged groups in three subtests. It was the same for hearing impaired children. It seems that some knowledge in language and cognition is required to get better performance. Significant correlation was observed among scores of 11 subtests and the full test. Subtests 3, 4 and 9 include more than one version which served as an equivalent test for the subtest. These subtests were tested to be equivalent. The ranks of difficulty in eleven subtests were different for different age groups. In general, children's performance did follow the hierarchy in levels of auditory responses. Three to four subtests which provided the best estimate for the score in the full test battery was suggested for each age group. Regression equations were also established.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥總論
社會科學 > 心理學
社會科學 > 教育學
Times Cited
  1. 王文惠(2009)。接受聽覺口語法訓練之國小低年級聽障生的學校適應。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-125。 
  2. 許瑞蓮(2009)。國小聽覺障礙學生英語教材執行之教學行動研究:以啟聰學校為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-100。 
  3. 劉惠美(Huei-Mei Liu);曹峰銘(Feng-Ming Tsao);張鑑如(Chien-Ju Chang);徐儷玲(Li-Ling Hsu)(2013)。學前到學齡兒童的語音區辨能力發展及其與詞彙理解的關係。教育心理學報。45(2)。221-240。 
  4. 宣崇慧(1999)。學前聽障及聽常兒童讀寫發展能力與口語發展能力之探究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。1999。1-157。
  5. 黃君宜(2006)。直接教學模式對國中聽覺障礙學生英語科學習之成效研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-211。
  6. 鄭惟仁(2006)。結合人工電子耳與助聽器對中文語音辨識率的影響。中央大學電機工程學系學位論文。2006。1-67。
  7. 陳昱君(2012)。學齡前特定型語言障礙兒童新詞學習與音韻處理能力之探究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2012。1-142。