Translated Titles

A Study in Mentally Retarded Workers' Ability to Adjust to Their Work and Retain Their Jobs: The Example of Three Moderately Mentally Retarded Females


高馨玲(Hsin-Ling Kao);任麗華(Lillian Ren)

Key Words

支持性就業 ; 維持就業 ; 智能障礙者 ; 工作適應 ; supportive employment model ; job retaining ; mental retardation ; work adjustment



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

13期(2005 / 06 / 01)

Page #

179 - 207

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to study the work adjustment of mentally retarded individuals at the job retaining stage. The qualitative method of in-depth-interview has been applied to collect the data, purposively sampling three cases of moderately mentally retarded females participating in the supportive employment model. The research subjects include three mentally retarded individuals, their family members, employers, and job placement social workers, for a total of twelve people.The results of this study are as follows:I. Conditions that allowed the three research subjects to enter the working field included:1.Family members sent the three subjects to job training, which was the first step to achieve successful employment.2.Previous work experience equipped the mentally retarded individuals with a positive work attitude and basic skills.3.Governmental policies encouraged employers to hire the disabilities.II. In addition to help from family members, employers, and job placement social workers, the three research subjects exhibited considerable desire to work, which helped them conquer all the difficulties encountered at their jobs.1.Emulation and strong will to work enabled one of the mental retarded subjects to retain her job.2.Being extroverted, responsible, and enthusiastic helped the second subject stay in the working field.3.The perception that the sense of achievement gained from work surpassed that gained doing household chores inspired the third research subject to retain her job.III. Coordination and help from others during the employment period may have been the most important supportive resource for these three subjects.1.The systematic job-training services provided by vocational rehabilitation agencies were the main and most comprehensive channel by which the mentally retarded could take job-training courses.2.The job placement social workers' roles of training, communication and counseling were the important elements in keeping the mentally retarded in their jobs.3.Tolerance and support from employers also did much to stabilize the subjects' job retainment.4.Family members' support and encouragement not only helped the subjects keep working steadily, but also motivated them externally and internally.5.The nature supporters in the working field possessed a positive attitude toward mentally retarded individuals, they could help realize a more open-minded social model.IV. After comparing the research results with the Minnesota Theory of Work Adjustment, this paper found that the mentally retarded individuals demonstrated good work adjustment in their interaction with the environment and other people. Therefore, level of retardation should not be regarded as a key factor.Investigating the work adjustment of mentally retarded individuals at the job retaining stage not only yields positive educational messages, but also locates relevant employment factors which can benefit the mentally retarded. Application of these factors can enable the mentally retarded to adjust themselves to the working field more easily, and hence develop their potential at work and remain employed. In addition, the research suggests the professional cooperation and frequent communication among related agencies in order to provide the supportive employment model to help the mentally retarded in work adjustment and job retaining.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥總論
社會科學 > 心理學
社會科學 > 教育學
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