Title

羌語的施事者及其相關標記

Translated Titles

Agentive and Other Markings in Qiang

Authors

黃成龍(Cheng-Long Huang)

Key Words

類型學 ; 語法關係 ; 格標記 ; 作格 ; 漢藏語 ; typology ; grammatical relation ; case marking ; ergative ; Sino-Tibetan

PublicationName

語言暨語言學

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

11卷2期(2010 / 04 / 01)

Page #

249 - 295

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本文在眾多羌語方言土語語料的基礎上,比較和討論羌語施事者標記的形式和分布特徵,提出施事者標記並不區分主語與賓語;只有為了消除語意上的歧義,即辨別哪個所指是施事者時,才使用施事者標記,也就是類型學上所謂的語意基礎上的標記。語意基礎上的標記是指施事者標記是否出現不受句法功能的限制,主要受語意和語用的限制。同時,在羌語中,施事者標記與其他格標記形式相同,本文還探討施事者標記與其他格標記之間的相互關係,以及施事者標記的時間深度。

English Abstract

This paper deals with the form and function/distribution of the postposition of the agentive referent in transitive clauses through a comparison of 19 dialectal varieties of Qiang. The author proposes that the agentive marking in Qiang is not marked for syntactic function (either nominative or ergative case), but reflects semantic/pragmatic constraints; therefore, the marking of the agentive referent just reflects the semantically based nature of grammatical relations in Qiang.

Topic Category 人文學 > 語言學
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