Translated Titles

On Mandarin Potential Complement Constructions


蕭惠貞(Hui-Chen S. Hsiao);林倩如(Chien-Ju Lin)

Key Words

補語可能構式 ; 構式語法 ; 漢語 ; 潛能補語(V 得/不C) ; potential complement constructions ; Construction Grammar ; Mandarin ; potential complement "V de/bu C"



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

13卷5期(2012 / 07 / 01)

Page #

963 - 998

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

In this paper, we adopt the framework of Construction Grammar (CG) to discuss the potential complement (PC) constructions, and investigate the types, structures, meanings, and semantic constraints of PC constructions in Mandarin. Taking a corpus-based approach and taking type/token frequency into consideration, we claim that the central meaning of the PC is ”GOAL-achieving”. The results show that there are two kinds of PC constructions. One is ”GOAL-achieving” PC construction, which expresses ”the potential of achieving the goal by carrying out the action”. The other subtypes of PC constructions are related to the main type via polysemous or instance links. The semantic constraints of the construction include ”volitionality of the agent” and ”predictability of result”. The other kind of PC construction is ”MIDDLE-type” (Adjectival) PC construction, which describes the trait of the theme, the trait that is responsible for the result of the action.

Topic Category 人文學 > 語言學
Times Cited
  1. 郭玲汝(2014)。從平均語句長度探討台灣高齡者閩南語敘述能力。中正大學語言學研究所學位論文。2014。1-75。