Remote Monitoring of Mobility Changes of the Elderly at Home Using Frequency Rank Order Statistics


Jiann-Shing Shieh;Chen-Tse Chuang;Xiang Wang;Pen-Yi Kuo

Key Words

Human behavior ; automatic monitoring system ; PIC microprocessors ; frequency and rank order statistics ; Monitoring mobility changes


Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

26卷2期(2006 / 06 / 01)

Page #

81 - 88

Content Language


English Abstract

This study describes a way to monitor human behavior during daily life to diagnose possible health problems through changes in living patterns. Human behavior reflects the mental and physical health of the subject. Hence, an automatic monitoring system where activities are monitored by infrared positioning sensors was developed. In addition, the use of PIC microprocessors, which have fast operation, low power, low cost and web-server function, has been designed into our system. Therefore, an embedded box has been designed as a passive monitoring system where data is gathered from a number of physically distributed sensor points within the house, linked using the main wiring as the communications medium, and then automatically transmitted signals using either RS232 wireless (i.e., ratio frequency (RF)) protocol or PICDEM.NET via a TCP/IP interface to the internet into a monitoring and supervisory center. Moreover, the application of frequency and rank order statistics for monitoring mobility changes of the elderly in their residence is also proposed in this paper. The preliminary study has been tested successfully in a nursing home for two different types of elderly persons for six weeks, and in a volunteer's research room for four weeks. We found that the average distances and change distances (i.e., △Distance) using tools from frequency and rank order statistics can act as an important index for diagnosis of their living pattern and possible health problems.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥總論
醫藥衛生 > 基礎醫學