CdSe Quantum Dots Induce Apoptosis via Activation of JNK and PAK2 in a Human Osteoblast Cell Line


Hsiang-Yu Lu;Nion-Heng Shiao;Wen-Hsiung Chan

Key Words

Quantum dots ; Apoptosis ; PAK2 ; JNK


Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

26卷2期(2006 / 06 / 01)

Page #

89 - 96

Content Language


English Abstract

Quantum dots (QDs) have been proposed as novel luminescent markers for research applications, but a recent study showed that oxidation of CdSe-core QDs could release cadmium ions and trigger cell death. Here, we sought to elucidate the precise apoptotic mechanisms governing this effect. Our results revealed that CdSe-core QDs induced apoptotic biochemical changes, including activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), caspase-3 and p21-activated protein kinase 2 (PAK2), in a human osteoblast cell line. Treatment of osteoblasts with a JNK-specific inhibitor (SP600125) reduced CdSe-core QD-induced activation of both JNK and caspase-3, indicating that JNK activity is required for CdSe-core QD-induced caspase activation. Experiments using caspase-3 inhibitors and antisense oligonucleotides against PAK2 showed that caspase-3 activation is required for PAK2 activation, and both of these activations are required for CdSe QD-induced apoptosis in osteoblasts. Interestingly, ZnS surface-modified CdSe QDs were not cytotoxic to osteoblasts at any tested concentration. These findings provide important new insights into the apoptotic mechanisms triggered by CdSe QDs in a human osteoblast cell line, and suggest that surface modification might be a useful strategy for minimizing the cytotoxicity of CdSe QDs for research applications.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥總論
醫藥衛生 > 基礎醫學