Translated Titles

Construction and Localization of a Medical Paradigm from an East Asian Perspective: Using the History of the Technological Developmental of Five Transport Points in Acupuncture as an Example


鄭宛鈞(Cheng, Wan-Chun);楊仕哲(Yang, Su-Tso)

Key Words

五輸穴 ; 五行穴 ; 鍼灸 ; 典範 ; 在地化 ; five transport points ; five phase points ; acupuncture ; paradigm ; localization



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

30期(2020 / 04 / 01)

Page #

67 - 111

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

The technology of "five transport points" represented a paradigm shift in traditional Chinese medicine. The five transport points technology evolved and changed significantly in different societies as traditional Chinese medicine spread across East Asia. Reforms in traditional Chinese medical thinking have been closely related to cultural exchanges, wars, and societal trends, an important example being challenges from Western sciences. Previous studies have focused on the transformation of exogenous febrile disease in Chinese medicine and discussed spatial politics in conflicts between Eastern and Western Medicines. In contrast, this study used the technology of five transport points as an example to discuss the paradigm construction and localism of acupuncture in different societies in the East Asia. This study argues that the five transport points technology was constructed within an East Asian cultural network. Serious debate over the abolishment of traditional medicine occurred in mainland China and Taiwan, leading to a shift in emphasis from the five transport points technology to "midnight midday ebb flow." Although use of five transport points was preserved in Japan due to the high esteem given to classical acupuncture there, the research trend in East Asia generally moved toward the application of scientific methodology in examining traditional acupunctural medicine. It is noteworthy that in Korea, not only does the classical medical paradigm of the five transport points technology remain in use, but new artifacts have been developed despite significant pressure for reform from modern Western medicine.

Topic Category 人文學 > 人文學綜合
醫藥衛生 > 醫藥衛生綜合
醫藥衛生 > 醫藥總論
醫藥衛生 > 基礎醫學
醫藥衛生 > 預防保健與衛生學
醫藥衛生 > 社會醫學
社會科學 > 社會科學綜合