Title

提升職前教師性別意識之研究:以「性別教育」課程實踐為例

Translated Titles

A Study of Enhancing Pre-Service Teachers' Gender Consciousness: The Case of Praxis in a "Gender Education" Course

DOI

10.6388/JES.201206.0001

Authors

王大維(Ta-Wei Wang)

Key Words

性別平等 ; 性別教育 ; 性別意識 ; 職前教師 ; Gender Equity ; Gender Education ; Gender Consciousness ; Pre-Service Teacher

PublicationName

教育科學期刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

11卷1期(2012 / 06 / 01)

Page #

1 - 24

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

性別平等教育為九年一貫課程綱要中重大議題之一,自《性別平等教育法》通過後,各級學校致力於推動性別教育。然而根據教育部於2010年公布的《性別教育白皮書》顯示,教師仍普遍缺乏性別意識,而對於職前教師的相關訓練亦不足。近來,許多師資培育單位陸續開設「性別教育」課程,然而是否能提升職前教師性別意識仍有待觀察。本研究主要是針對一門「性別教育」課程的實踐與評量進行探究,試圖理解職前教師在修課前後的性別意識之改變。共有38位研究參與者提供質性與量化資料做為分析。結果發現,學生於修課後對於性別教育的理解有明顯的轉變,其內涵包括:廣泛多樣性、日常生活實踐、多元性別與差異、破除偏見與迷思、尊重與接納、價值觀澄清、平等。參與者也認為修習性別教育有幫助,尤其在了解性別偏見的傷害以及性別角色與性取向的多樣化方面。本研究結果肯定性別教育課程對於職前教師的性別意識之影響,並提出實施性別教育課程之建議。

English Abstract

”Gender Education” is one of the Major Issues in the General Guidelines of Grade 1-9 Curriculum of Elementary and Junior High School which was declared by the Ministry of Education. After the passing of Gender Equity Law in 2004, all schools enthusiastically promote gender education on campus. However, the White Paper on the Gender Education published in 2010 shows that teachers are still lack of gender consciousness and the related training for pre-service teachers are inadequate. Recently many teacher education programs start to offer Gender Education courses in colleges, but their impact on gender consciousness remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to analyze the evaluation of a Gender Education course taught by the researcher, in order to understand the change of gender consciousness among a group of future teachers. A total of thirty eight participants provided qualitative and quantitative data for analysis. The results show that the participants' understanding of the meaning of Gender Education have significantly transformed. Their definitions include broadness, everyday praxis, gender diversity and difference, breaking prejudice, respect and acceptance, value clarification, and equity. Also, the participants consider the course very helpful, especially in the areas of understanding the hazards of gendered prejudice, and the diversity of gender roles and sexual orientations. These results support the positive impact of the Gender Education course on enhancing pre-service teachers' gender consciousness. Finally, implications for implementing Gender Education courses will be discussed.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 教育學
Reference
  1. 王儷靜(2005)。修習性別教育課程對師院生性別意識影響之探究:以札記寫作為媒介。教育學刊,25,155-176。
    連結:
  2. 李雪菱(2011)。教師性別意識與教學困境:反思中小學教師的性別教育課程設計與教學實踐。女學學誌,28,133-174。
    連結:
  3. 洪久賢(2001)。教師性別教育專業成長之分析研究。師大學報:教育類,46(2),213-232。
    連結:
  4. 畢恆達(2003)。男性性別意識之形成。應用心理研究,17,51-84。
    連結:
  5. 顏國樑、簡安茹(2006)。性別平等教育法的立法背景、過程、內涵及啟示。學校行政雙月刊,46,279-299。
    連結:
  6. 教育部(2011,4 月27 日)。更多認識、不再歧視—談性別平等教育融入100 學年國民中小學九年一貫課程七大領 域實施教學 [ 新聞稿] 。取自https://www.gender.edu.tw/mass/mass.asp?keyid=21
  7. 潘慧玲、林昱貞(2000)。從教師的性別意識談師資培育,未出版手稿。下載自http://web.ed.ntnu.edu.tw/~panhu/genderteacher.pdf
  8. 教育部(2008)。九年一貫課程綱要重大議題(性別平等教育)。臺北市:教育部。
  9. 方德隆、游美惠(2009)。2008 國中小性別平等教育課程與教學實施現況調查。臺北市:教育部。
  10. Aikman, E.(Ed.),Unterhalter, E.(Ed.)(2005).Beyond access: Transforming policy and practice for gender equality in education.Oxford, UK:Oxfam.
  11. Bierema, L.(2003).The role of gender consciousness in challenging patriarchy.International Journal of Lifelong Education,22,3-12.
  12. Bloom, L. R.,Ochoa, A.(1999).Beginning conversations: Future teachers' perspectives on gender.Teaching Education,5(2),89-98.
  13. Brown, S. P.(2000).Teaching our teachers: Gender in the foreground.Women's Studies Quarterly,28,154-163.
  14. Campbell, P. B.,Sanders, J.(1997).Uninformed but interested: Findings of a national survey on gender equity in preservice teacher education.Journal of Teacher Education,48,69-75.
  15. Connell, R. W.(2005).Change among the gatekeepers: Men, masculinities, and gender equality in the global arena.Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society,30,1801-1825.
  16. Eckart, J. A.,Tracy, D. M.(1992).Gender socialization in schools: A course for change agents.Teaching Education,5,59-64.
  17. Epstein, D.,O''Flynn, S.,Telford, D.(2000).Chapter 4 : "Othering" education: Sexualities, silences, and schooling.Review of Research in Education,25(1),127-179.
  18. Erden, F. T.(2009).A course on gender equity in education: Does it affect gender role attitudes of preservice teachers.Teaching and Teacher Education,25,409-414.
  19. Gurin, P.(1985).Women's gender consciousness.Public Opinion Quarterly,43,143-163.
  20. Herek, G. M.,Capitanio, J. P.(1996)."Some of my best friends:" Intergroup contact, concealable stigma, and heterosexuals' attitudes toward gay men and lesbians.Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,22,412-424.
  21. Jones, M. G.(1989).Gender issues in teacher education.Journal of Teacher Education,40,33-38.
  22. Sanders, J.(2002).Something is missing in teacher education: Attention to two genders.Phi Delta Kappan,84(3),241-244.
  23. Titus, J. J.(2000).Engaging student resistance to feminism: 'How is this stuff going to make us better teachers?'.Gender and Education,12,21-37.
  24. Waterman, A. D.,Reid, J. D.,Garfield, L. D.,Hoy, S. J.(2001).From curiosity to care: Heterosexual student interest in sexual diversity courses.Teaching of Psychology,28(1),21-26.
  25. 王儷靜(2010)。性別主流化在教育機構的實踐:我們可以做些什麼?。城市發展,專刊,26-44。
  26. 吳書昀(2002)。性別意識的內涵之探討。兩性平等教育學術研討會論文集,臺北市:
  27. 教育部(2010)。性別平等教育白皮書。臺北市:教育部。
  28. 游美惠(2007)。意識、位置、認同與專業化─建構「性別平等教育專業教師」認證制度。性別平等教育專業發展研討會論文集,臺北市:
  29. 游美惠(2001)。性別意識與性別意識形態。兩性平等教育季刊,15,98-100。
  30. 游美惠編、楊幸真編、楊巧玲編(2010)。性別教育。臺北市:華都。
  31. 熊慎敦(2004)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。臺北市,國立臺北大學。
  32. 劉倍君(2008)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。高雄市,高雄師範大學。
  33. 劉素芬(2005)。由「性別角色態度量表」看性別教育通識課程之教學成效。通識教育季刊,12(1),1-26。
  34. 劉開鈴編、陸偉明編(2009)。認同、差異與發聲─性別教學演練。臺北市:五南。
  35. 鄭郁筠(2005)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。花蓮市,國立花蓮教育大學。
  36. 鄭陳宏(2003)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。新竹市,國立新竹師範學院。
  37. 謝芳怡(2004)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。花蓮市,國立花蓮師範學院。
Times Cited
  1. 曾郁嫻、林彥伶(2015)。體育教師性別平等增能研習課程設計之探討。中華體育季刊,29(2),85-92。
  2. 楊幸真(2019)。性別主流化與人才培力:醫學大學職員性別意識培力課程之經驗探析。思與言:人文與社會科學期刊,57(1),181-230。
  3. 潘才學(2015)。大學生參與性別教育經驗和性別意識關係研究:以逢甲大學修習性別教育相關課程為例。學生事務與輔導,54(3),18-34。
  4. 羅文星、王惠蓉(2014)。跨領域教學在性別教育課程之實踐。通識教育學刊,14,59-86。