The Myth and Introspection of the Normalization Principle and Individualization Principles for Disability Welfare Service: A Case Study of "The Foster Family Care Program for Children with Disabilities"
正常化原則 ； 身心障礙兒少 ； 個別化原則 ； 家庭寄養 ； normalization ； individualization ； children and early youths with disabilities ； family foster
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
24期（2011 / 12 / 01）
87 - 133
The disability welfare service puts emphasis on the ”the normalization principle” and ”the individualization principle.” The former argues that the service for the disables should promote mainstreaming so that they can return to the society to have a normal live; the latter attaches importance to the disables' special needs. By exploring a unique program for foster family care for the children and early youth with disabilities in northern Taiwan, this article discusses the practical application of the two principles. This foster family care program, which has been implemented for 5 years, is quite distinctive because it is one of the scopes of business of the Disabled Welfare Section in the local government. After analyzing relative documents and conducting in-depth interviews, this article found that although this program tries to conform to ”the normalization principle” by promoting the disabled children and early youth to live in the foster family rather than in the placement agency, the negative results are produced due to the too long foster period and the limited effectiveness of reconstruction of these disabled children's and early youth's native families. Thus this article argues that how ”the normalization principle” and ”the individualization principle” can be effectively applied to the disability welfare service should be further explored.