Title

“工作”與“福利”連結的試析:從“勞役所試煉”、“工作福利”到“工有酬”

Translated Titles

A Preliminary Analysis of the Linking between Work and Welfare: From "Workhouse Test" to "Workfare" and "Make Work Pay"

DOI

10.6265/TJSW.2009.8(1)4

Authors

孫健忠(Chien-Chung Sun)

Key Words

勞役所試煉 ; 工作福利 ; 工有酬 ; workhouse test ; workfare ; make work pay

PublicationName

臺灣社會福利學刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

8卷1期(2009 / 08 / 01)

Page #

119 - 147

Content Language

簡體中文

Chinese Abstract

檢視社會福利的發展,工作與福利之間一直存在著共生但又互斥的緊張關係。本文試著以英、美兩國的經驗探討兩者演變迄今所出現的連結策略-「勞役所試煉」、「工作福利」與「工有酬」,分別說明其脈絡與實施,並以我國兩者之間的發展試作對照討論。本文的研究顯示兩者之間的關係由早期的「離職給付」,發展到「在職給付」,其連結涵蓋整個就業歷程,因而社會安全政策與勞動政策,甚至與租稅政策形成緊密的結合。然而,此種對就業友善的社會安全政策是否會影響到公民權的達成,也成爲值得關注的議題。我國社會福利發展過程中,工作與福利雖也出現類似的連結策略,但較缺乏完整的論述。

English Abstract

The linking between work and welfare has historically been a source of tension, the hope being that the provision of welfare would not harm work incentive. The author discusses the various strategies employed to link work and welfare in the context of the British and American social welfare systems. The key elements of these systems are the ”Workhouse Test,” ”Workfare”, and ”Make Work Pay.” The Taiwanese experience with this issue is then examined as a comparison. Although a structure is in place for linking work and welfare in Taiwan, solid discourse on the matter has been lacking.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 社會學
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