Title

諮商初期諮商師與來談者之互動組型與來談者語談感受之分析研究

Translated Titles

A Study of Relation between the Interactional Patterns in Individual Counseling Process and Client-perceived Session Impacts

Authors

翁令珍(Ling-Chen Weng);廖鳳池(Feng-Tsu Liao)

Key Words

人際行為 ; 互動類型 ; 互動組型 ; 社會行為結構分析 ; 晤談感受 ; 諮商歷程 ; counseling process ; interpersonal behaviors ; interactional patterns ; session impacts ; Structural Analysis of Social Behavior

PublicationName

中華輔導學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

12期(2002 / 09 / 01)

Page #

33 - 71

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究旨在探討個別諮商初期諮商師與來談者經常出現的互動組型、以及互動組型與來談者晤談感受之間的關聯。研究者採用「社會行為結構分析」(SASB)模式,並參考先前研究的應用,修訂分析步驟而編寫成「諮商師與來談者之人際行為分類系統」,以針對自願參與的諮商師與來營者之前三次諮商歷程進行微觀分析,再進而發現雙方的互動組型,並且對照來談者每次諮商後所填寫之「晤談感受評量問卷」得分,以探討其間之關聯。結果發現:(1)諮商歷程中的互類型以「互補」最為常見,而「對立」類型最能標示出不同互動組型間的特徵。(2)本研究共發現三種互動組型:以「互補」為主、有時「互補」有時「對立」。(3)不同互動組型的配對,其來談者知覺到不同之晤談感受,特別是以「互補」為主者以及經常連續「對立」者之談者晤談感受具有明顯特徵。(4)特定的人際行為類別與來談者知覺的「晤談深度」、「晤談積極性」與「晤談刺激性」有關聯。最後根據研究結果,提出對使用本分類系統、以及對實務工作與未來研究之建議。

English Abstract

The purpose of the study were mainly to intensively analyze the interpersonal behaviors in individual counseling process, to find the particular interactional patterns during counselors’ interventions, and also to find out the relation between the interacttional patterns and the client-perceived session impacts. There were seven volunteer clients paired with five counselors, and the first three sessions were analyzed and evaluated. The cluster version of Structural Analysis of Social Behaviors (SASB) was adopted to achieve the purpose of intensive analysis, and The Session Evaluation Questionnaire (SEQ) was used to measure the outcomes. The findings of this study were as follow: First, among all the dyads, interaction of “complementarity” was the most common during the sessions. Second, the frequency of “antithesis” and whether it remained or not made every dyad’s interactional style distinguishable, and three kinds of interactional patterns were found. Third, among the three kinds of patterns, client-perceived “smoothness” was elevated with the pattern of most “complementarity”, while client-percieved “depth” was elevated with the pattern of most “antithesis”. Fourth, some types of interpersonal behaviors were connected with client-perceived “depth”, “positivity”, and “arousal”. Based on the findings, some suggestions were made.

Topic Category 生物農學 > 生物農學綜合
社會科學 > 心理學
社會科學 > 教育學
Reference
  1. 翁令珍 Weng, Ling-chen、廖鳳池 Liao, Feng-Tsu(2001)。社會行為結構分析法在個別諮商歷程研究上的應用。諮商輔導文粹:高師輔導所刊Journal of Counseling& Guidance,6,59-86。
    連結:
  2. Benjamin, L. S.(1996).Interpersonal diagnosis and treatment of personality Disorders.New York:Guiford Press.
  3. Benjamin, L. S.(1996).Major theories of personality disorder.New York:Guiford Press.
  4. Benjamin, L. S.(1991).Handbook of short-term dynamic psychotherapy.New York:BasicBooks.
  5. Benjamin, L. S.(1996).Interpersonal diagnosis and treatment of personality Disorders.New York:Guiford Press.
  6. Benjamin, L. S.(1984).Personality and the prediction of behavior.New York:Academic Press.
  7. Benjamin, L. S.(2000).SASB coding software.Salt Lake City:University of Utah.
  8. Benjamin, L. S.(2000).The process of group psychotherapy.Washington, DC:American Psychological Association.
  9. Benjamin, L. S.(1996).A clinician-friendly version of the interpersonal circumplex: Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB).Journal of Personality Assessment,66(2),248-266.
  10. Benjamin, L. S.(1996).Introduction to the special section on Structural Analysis of Social behavior.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,64(6),1203-1212.
  11. Benjamin, L. S.(1974).Structural Analysis of Social Behavior.Psychological Review,81(5),392-425.
  12. Benjamin, L. S.,Cushing, G.(2000).Reference Manual for coding social interactions in terms of Structural Analysis of Social Behavior.Salt Lake City:University of Utah.
  13. Benjamin, L. S.,Cushing, G.(2000).Reference Manual for coding social interactions in terms of Structural Analysis of Social Behavior.Salt Lake City:University of Utah.
  14. Benjamin, L. S.,Foster, S. W.,Roberto, L. G.,Estroff, S. E.(1986).The psychotherapeutic process: A research book.New York:Guiford Press.
  15. Elliott, R.(1985).Helpful and nonhelpful events in brief counseling interview: an empirical taxonomy.Journal of Counseling Psychology,32(3),307-322.
  16. Elliott, R.,Wexler, M. M.(1994).Measuring the impact of sessions in process-experiential therapy of depression: The Session Impacts Scale.Journal of Counseling Psychology,41(2),166-174.
  17. Fiedler, P.(1994).Therapeutic and everyday discourse as behavior change.New Jersey:Ablex.
  18. Greenberg, L. S.,Pinsof, W. M.(1986).The Psychotherapeutic Process: A Research Handbook.New York:Guilford Press.
  19. Gurtman, M. B.(2001).Interpersonal complementarity: integrating interpersonal measurement with interpersonal models.Journal of Counseling Psychology,48(1),97-110.
  20. Harrist, R. S.,Quintana, S. M.,Strupp, H. H.,Henry, W. P.(1994).Internalization of interpersonal process in time-limited dynamic psychotherapy.Psychotherapy,31(1),49-57.
  21. Hartley, D.(1991).Person Schemas and Maladaptive Interpersonal Patterns.Chicago, IL, USA:University of Chicago Press.
  22. Henry, W. P.(1997).Handbook of psychotherapy case formulation.New York:Guilford Press.
  23. Henry, W. P.,Schacht, T. E.,Strupp, H. H.(1990).Patient and therapist introject, interpersonal process, and differential psychotherapy outcome.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,58(6),768-774.
  24. Henry, W. P.,Schacht, T. E.,Strupp, H. H.(1986).Structural Analysis of Social Behavior: application to a study of interpersonal process in differential psychotherapeutic outcome.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,54(1),27-31.
  25. Hilliard, R. B.,Henry, W. P.,Strupp, H. H.(2000).An interpersonal model of psychotherapy: linking patient and therapist developmental history, therapeutic process, and types of outcome.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,68(1),125-133.
  26. Humphrey, L. L.(1989).Observed family Interactions among subtypes of eating disorders using Structural Analysis of Social Behavior.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,57(2),206-214.
  27. Humphrey, L. L.,Apple, R. F.,Kirschenbaum, D. S.(1986).Differentiating bulimic-anorexic from normal families using interpersonal and behavioral observational systems.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,54(2),190-195.
  28. Kiesler, D. J.(1996).Contemporary interpersonal theory and research: Personality, Psychopathology, and Psychotherapy.New York:Wiley.
  29. Klein, M. H.,Mathieu-Coughlan, P.,Kiesler, D. J.(1986).The psychotherapeutic process: A research book.New York:Guiford Press.
  30. Lorr, M.,Strack, S.(1999).A study of Benjamin's eight-facet Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB).Journal of Clinical Psychology,55(2),207-215.
  31. Oapos,Malley, S. S.,Suh, C. S.,Strupp, H. H.(1983).The Vanderbilt Psychotherapy Process Scale: a report on the scale development and a process-outcome study.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,51,581-586.
  32. Pincus, A. L.,Gurtman, M. B.,Ruiz, M. A.(1998).Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB): circumplex analysis and structural relations with the interpersonal circle and the five-factor model of personality.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,74(6),1629-1645.
  33. Pincus, A. L.,News, S. L.,Dickinson, K. A.,Ruiz, M. A.(1998).A comparison of three indexes to assess the dimensions of Structural Analysis of Social Behavior.Journal of Personality Assessment,70(1),145-170.
  34. Pincus, A. L.,Ruiz, M. A.(1997).Parental Representations and dimensions of personality: empirical relations and assessment implications.Journal of Personality Assessment,68(2),436-454.
  35. Stiles, W. B.(1980).Measurement of the impact of psychotherapy sessions.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,48(2),176-185.
  36. Stiles, W. B.,Snow, J. S.(1984).Counseling session impact as viewed by novice counselors and their clients.Journal of Counseling Psychology,31(1),3-12.
  37. Strack, S.(1996).Introduction to the special series-interpersonal theory and the interpersonal circumplex: Timothy Leary's Legacy.Journal of Personality Assessment,66(2),213-216.
  38. Svartberg, M.,Stiles, T. C.(1992).Predicting patient change from therapist competence and patient-therapist complementarity in short-term anxiety-provoking psychotherapy: a pilot study.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,60(2),304-307.
  39. 李錦虹 Lee, Gin-Hong(1997)。案主意圖與互補因素對治療關係形成的影響。國立臺灣大學心理學研究所。
  40. 李錦虹 Lee, Gin-Hong(1997)。案主意圖與互補因素對治療關係形成的影響。國立臺灣大學心理學研究所。
  41. 翁令珍 Weng, Ling-chen(2001)。個別諮商歷程中人際行為之分析研究。國立高雄師範大學輔導研究所。
  42. 翁令珍 Weng, Ling-chen(2001)。個別諮商歷程中人際行為之分析研究。國立高雄師範大學輔導研究所。
  43. 陳慶福 Chen, Ching-Fu(1995)。諮商員和當事人在諮商過程中的同盟、口語反應模式與晤談感受之研究。國立彰化師範大學輔導學系。
  44. 陳慶福 Chen, Ching-Fu(1995)。諮商員和當事人在諮商過程中的同盟、口語反應模式與晤談感受之研究。國立彰化師範大學輔導學系。
  45. 廖宏啟(1999)。大學生人際行為之測量及其相關變項之研究。國立高雄師範大學輔導研究所。
  46. 廖宏啟(1999)。大學生人際行為之測量及其相關變項之研究。國立高雄師範大學輔導研究所。
  47. 廖鳳池 Liao, Feng-Tsu(1994)。諮商員自我認知對諮商關係暨諮商行為影響之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所。
  48. 廖鳳池 Liao, Feng-Tsu(1999)。諮商師人際基模對其在諮商歷程之情緒反應及人際行為影響之研究。行政院國家科學委員會。
  49. 廖鳳池 Liao, Feng-Tsu(1994)。諮商員自我認知對諮商關係暨諮商行為影響之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所。
  50. 廖鳳池 Liao, Feng-Tsu(1999)。諮商師人際基模對其在諮商歷程之情緒反應及人際行為影響之研究。行政院國家科學委員會。
  51. 廖鳳池 Liao, Feng-Tsu(1993)。諮商歷程研究的方法與課題。輔導季刊,29(3),14-21。
  52. 廖鳳池 Liao, Feng-Tsu(1993)。諮商歷程研究的方法與課題。輔導季刊Guidance Quarterly,29(3),14-21。
Times Cited
  1. 孫頌賢(2006)。大學生伴侶間人際行為對愛情依附的影響。政治大學心理學研究所學位論文。2006。1-154。