Title

看見!?校園同志輔導工作推展之現況與輔導教師對同志諮商之訓練需求調查

Translated Titles

Counseling LGBT Youth: A Survey Research of Attitudes towards LGBT and Training Issues for School Counselors

DOI

10.7082/CARGC.200609.0201

Authors

劉安真(An-Chen Liu);趙淑珠(Shu-Chu Chao)

Key Words

同志 ; 同志諮商 ; 校園同志學生 ; 諮商師訓練 ; counseling LGBT ; counselor training ; LGBT ; LGBT in campus

PublicationName

中華輔導學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

20期(2006 / 09 / 01)

Page #

201 - 228

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究以高中職與大專院校輔導教師為對象,調查其對同志議題的態度,以及學校推動同志輔導工作的現況與對同志諮商的訓練需求,共寄出問卷342份,回收有效問卷228份。 調查結果如下: 1.輔導教師對同志議題的態度,結果發現不同性別、科系、年齡、是否曾接觸同志學生、是否曾有親友對自己現身等向度上有顯著差異。 2.絕大多數輔導教師表示該校有同志學生,且認為校園環境對同志學生是友善的。 3.多數輔導教師曾輔導對性傾向感困擾的學生,僅有10.2%的輔導教師主動介入同志學生被欺負或騷擾的情況。 4.推動同志學生輔導工作的困難有:同志學生不願曝光、同學欺負同志學生、教師對同志議題缺乏認識、輔導教師缺乏同志諮商的知識與技巧、學校缺乏同志學生可運用的資源。 5.在訓練需求方面,重要性的百分比如下:同志學生的處境(98.7%)、同志學生的心理困擾(98.2%)、性傾向的認同發展(94.3%)、如何處理同志學生被騷擾(93.8%)、增進自己對同志態度的覺察(90.8)、如何營造對同志友善的校園環境(86.3)、舉辦同志活動的方案設計(81.5%)、同志伴侶諮商(79.2%)。

English Abstract

The present study was undertaken in order to understand the attitudes school counselors have towards LGBT students, as well as the training they need regarding homosexuality issues. Questionnaires were distributed to 342 counselors, both in senior high schools and colleges, of which 228 were returned. People who were younger (age of 40 and below), knowing friends or students were LGBT, graduated from psychology or counseling majors were friendlier towards LGBT students. More than eighty percent of the participants indicated there were LGBT students in their schools. Most school counselors, more than 60%, indicated that the campus atmosphere was friendly to LGBT students. However, 38.6% of the participants agreed that LGBT students experienced different types of assault or discrimination. Thirty-four percents of the school counselors had worked with students who were discriminated by their sexual orientation, but only 10% had intervened to create a save and friendly environment for LGBT students. Nevertheless, the participants agreed that school counselors should actively intervene in any kinds of aggression against sexual orientation. The most difficult problem they had was that LGBT students would not come out to them, and rarely turned to counselors for information or help. On the one hand, the participants agreed that they did not have enough training and knowledge to work with LGBT students. On the other hand, only few school counselors attended LGBT workshops or training programs, and very few schools provided training or information regarding LGBT issues to teachers and faculty members in their campus. Discussion and suggestions concerning the training issues of how to encourage school counselors to be more actively in creating a friendly environment for LGBT students were then presented.

Topic Category 生物農學 > 生物農學綜合
社會科學 > 心理學
社會科學 > 教育學
Reference
  1. 劉安真(2002)。「我是雙性戀,但選擇做女同志!」-兩位非異性戀女性的性認同形成歷程。中華輔導學報,12,153-183。
    連結:
  2. Allison, K. W.,Crawford, I.,Echemendia, R.,Robinson, L.,Knepp, D.(1994).Human diversity and professional competence: Training in clinical and counseling psychology revisited.American Psychologist,49(9),792-796.
  3. American Psychological Association(1999).School health suruey concerning lesbian, gay, bisexual and questioning youth.
  4. American Psychological Association(1999).School health suruey concerning lesbian, gay, bisexual and questioning youth.
  5. Bahr, M. W.,Brish, B.,Croteau, J. M.(2000).Addressing sexual orientation and professional ethics in the training of school psychologists in school and university settings.School Psychology Review,29(2),217-231.
  6. Barrett, K. A.,McWhirter, B. T.(2002).Counselor Trainees` perceptions of clients based on client sexual orientation.Counselor Education and Supervision,41,219-232.
  7. Betz, N. E.,Fitzgerald. L. F.(1993).Individuality and diversity: Theory and research in counseling psychology.Annual Review of Psychology,44,343-381.
  8. Bieschke, K. J.,Eberz, A. B.,Bard, C. C.,Croteau, J. M.(1998).Using social cognitive career theory to create affirmative lesbian, gay, and bisexual research training environments.The Counseling Psychologist,23,735-753.
  9. Bieschke, K. J.,Eberz, A. B.,Wilson, D.,V. A. Wall,N. J. Evans(2001).Empirical investigations of lesbian, gay, and bisexual college students.Toward acceptance: Sexual orientation issues on campus
  10. Bieschke, K. J.,Eberz, A. B.,Wilson, D.,V. A. Wall,N. J. Evans (Eds.)(2001).Toward acceptance: Sexual orientation issues on campus.ML:University Press of America.
  11. Bieschke, K. J.,McClanahan, M.,Tozer, E.,Grzegorek, J. L.,Park, J.,R. M. Perez,K. A. DeBord,K. J. Bieschke(2000).Programmatic research on the treatment of lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients: The past, the present, and the course for the future.Handbook of counseling and psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual client,309-335.
  12. Bochenek, M.,Brown, A. W.(2001).Hatred in the Hallways: Violence and Discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students in US. Schools.NY:Human Rights Watch.
  13. Bochenek, M.,Brown, A. W.(2001).Hatred in the Hallways: Violence and Discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students in U.S. Schools
  14. Browning, C.(2000).Using APA Guidelines for psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, anti bisexual clients in education and training.Eric Document Reproduction Service.
  15. Browning, C.(2000).Using APA Guidelines for psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients in education and training
  16. Casas, J. M.,Brady, S.,Ponterotto, J. G.(1983).Sexual preference biases in counseling: An information processing approach.Journal of Counseling Psychology,30,139-145.
  17. Cass, V.,R. P. Cabau,T. S. Stein(1996).Sexual orientation identity formation: A western phenomenon.Textbook of homosexuality and mental health,227-251.
  18. Cass, V.,R. P. Cabau,T. S. Stein (Eds.)(1996).Textbook of homosexuality and mental health.Washington, DC:American Psychiatric Press.
  19. Conger, J.(1975).Proceedings of the American Psychological Association for the year 1974: Minutes of the annual meeting of the Council of Representatives.American Psychologist,30,620-651.
  20. DiPlacido, J.,G. M. Herek(1998).Minority stress among lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals: A consequence of heterosexism, homophobia, and stigmatization.Stigma and sexual orientation: Understanding prejudice against lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals,138-159.
  21. Division 44/Committee on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns Joint Task Force on Guidelines for Psychotherapy with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients(2000).Guidelines for psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients.American Psychologist,55(12),1440-1451.
  22. Eberz, A. B.,Bicschke, K. J.(2002).Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Convention.Chicago, IL.:Eric Document Reproduction Service.
  23. Eberz, A. B.,Bicschke, K. J.(2002).Psychologists` attitudes and clinical evaluations for LGB clients.Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, Chicago, IL
  24. Fassinger, R. E.(1991).The hidden minority: Issues and challenges in working lesbians and gay men.The Counseling Psychologist,19,157-176.
  25. Fassinger, R. E.,S.D. Brown,R.W. Lent(2000).Gender and sexuality in human development: Implications for prevention and advocacy in counseling psychology.Handbook of counseling psychology,346
  26. Fassinget, R. E.,S.D. Brown,R.W. Lent (Eds.)(2000).Handbook of counseling psychology.New York:Wiley.
  27. Garnets, L.,Hancock, K.,Cochran, S.,Goodchilds, J.,Peplau, A.(1991).Issues in psychotherapy with lesbian and gay men: A survey of psychologists.American Psychologist,46(9),964-972.
  28. Gelso, C. J.,Fassinger, R. E.,Gomez, M. J.,Latts, M. G.(1995).Countertransference reactions to lesbian clients: The role of homophobia, counselor gender, and countertransference management.Journal of Counseling Psychology,42(3),356-364.
  29. Glenn, A. A.,Russell, R. K.(1986).Heterosexual bias among counselor trainees.Counselor Education and Supervision,25(3),222-229.
  30. GLSEN(2001).Ending anti-gay bias in schools: A training of trainers manual.NY:GLSEN.
  31. GLSEN(2001).Ending anti-gay bias in schools: A training of trainers manual
  32. Graham, D. L. R.,Rawlings, E. I.,Halpern, H. S.,Hermes, J.(1984).Therapists` need for training in counseling lesbians and gay men.Professional Psychology: Research and Practice,15,482-496.
  33. Hayes, J. A.,Eriks, A. J.(2000).Therapist homophobia, client sexual orientation, and source of client HIV infection as predictors of therapist reactions to clients with HIV.Journal of Counseling Psychology,,47,71-78.
  34. Healthy lesbian, gay, and bisexual students project(2001).Paper presented at Healthy LBG students project meeting.Washington, DC:
  35. Healthy lesbian, gay, and bisexual students project(2001).Needs assessment survey study: Education and training needs of school staff relevant to prevention risk behaviors and promoting healthy behaviors among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth and those youth desiring or engaging in same-sex behaviors.Paper presented at Healthy LBG students project meeting
  36. Heppner, P. P.,Casas, J. M.,Carter, J.,Stone, G.,S.D. Brown,R.W. Lent(2000).The maturation of counseling psychology: Multifaceted perspectives, 1978-1998.Handbook of counseling psychology,3-49.
  37. Heppner, P. P.,Casas, J. M.,Carter, J.,Stone, G.,S.D. Brown,R.W. Lent (Eds)(2000).Handbook of counseling psychology.New York:Wiley.
  38. Herek, G. M.,B. Greene,G. M. Herek(1994).Assessing Heterosexuals` attitudes toward lesbians and gay men: A review of empirical research with the ATLG scale.Lesbian and gay psychology: Theory, research and clinical applications,206-228.
  39. Kite, M. E.,Whitley, B. E.,L.D. Garnets,D. C. Kimmel(2003).Do heterosexual women and men differ in their attitudes toward homosexuality? A conceptual and methodological analysis.Psychological perspectives on lesbian, gay and bisexual experiences,165-187.
  40. Kite, M. E.,Whitley, B. E.,L.D. Garnets,D. C. Kimmel (Eds.)(2003).Do heterosexual women and men differ in their attitudes toward homosexuality? A conceptual and methodological analysis.Psychological perspectives on lesbian, gay and bisexual experiences,165-187.
  41. Q: The online journal of the association for gay, lesbian and bisexual issues in counseling
  42. Q: The online journal of the association for gay, lesbian and bisexual issues in counseling, 1(1)
  43. Morin. S.F.,Rothblum, E.D.(1991).Removing the stigma: fifteen years of progress.American Psychologist,46(9),947-949.
  44. Morrow, S.,R. M. Perez,K. A. DeBord,K. J. Bieschke(2000).First do no harm: Therapist issues in psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual client.Handbook of counseling and psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual client,137-156.
  45. Phillips, C.,Fischer, A.(1998).Graduate students` training experiences with lesbian, gay, and bisexual issues.The Counseling Psychologist,26,712-734.
  46. Pilkington, N.,Cantor, J.(1996).Perception of heterosexual bias in professional psychology program: A survey of graduate students.. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice,27(6),604-612.
  47. Simon, A.,G. M. Herek(1998).The relationship between stereotypes of and attitudes toward lesbians and gays.Stigma and sexual orientation: Understanding prejudice against lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals,62-81.
  48. Smith, D.(2001).Assessing the needs of lesbian, gay and bisexual youth.APA Monitor,32(8),42-43.
  49. Smith, D.(2001).Assessing the needs of lesbian, gay and bisexual youth.APA Monitor,32(8),42-43.
  50. Sue, D. W.,Arredondo, P.,McDavis, R. J.(1992).Multicultural counseling competencies and standards: A call to the profession.Journal of Counseling and Development,70,477-486.
  51. Sue. D. W.(2001).Multidimensional facets of cultural competence.The Counseling Psychologist,29,790-821.
  52. Troiden, R. R.(1988).Gay and lesbian identity: A sociological analysis.New York:General Hall, Inc.
  53. Troiden, R. R.(1988).Gay and lesbian identity: A sociological analysis
  54. Vera, E. M.,Speight, S. L.(2003).Multicultural competence, social justice, and counseling psychology: Expanding our roles.The Counseling Psychologist,31,253-272.
  55. 牛格正(1991)。諮商專業倫理。台北:五南出版社。
  56. 牛格正(1991)。諮商專業倫理
  57. 台大女同性戀文化研究社(1995)。我們是女同性戀。台北:碩人出版社。
  58. 台大女同性戀文化研究社(1995)。我們是女同性戀
  59. 「誰殺了同性戀?」座談會
  60. 「誰殺了同性戀?」座談會
  61. 呂承芬(2000)。同性戀輔導案例。輔導通訊,61,32-36。
  62. 周柏伶(2000)。同性戀輔導。輔導通訊,61,37-41。
  63. 洪佳玲(1999)。「同性戀」的輔導。諮商與輔導月刊,160,21-23。
  64. 洪佳玲(1999)。「同性戀」的輔導。諮商與輔導月刊,160,23。
  65. 徐西森(1996)。第四屆亞洲性學會議。台北:國際性學學會暨中華民國性教育協會。
  66. 徐西森(1996)。同性戀問題、案例分析及處遇模式之研究。發表於第四屆亞洲性學會議,台北:
  67. 張□遠(1994)。中華民國自由地區公私立高中、高職輔導人員對同性戀的態度研究。民意月刊,186,64-67。
  68. 張娟芬(1998)。姊妹「戲」牆。台北:聯合文學。
  69. 張喬婷(2000)。馴服與抵抗:十位校園女菁英拉子的情慾壓抑。台北:唐山。
  70. 張騄遠(1994)。中華民國自由地區公私立高中、高職輔導人員對同性戀的態度研究。民意月刊,186,64-67。
  71. 郭麗安、蕭珺予(2002)。同志族群的伴侶諮商:婚姻諮商師臨床訓練的反省與思考。中華心理衛生學刊,15(3),101-125。
  72. 賈紅鶯(1996)。青少年同性戀傾向的認識與輔導。諮商與輔導月刊,12,10-16。
  73. 賈紅鶯(1996)。青少年同性戀傾向的認識與輔導。諮商與輔導月刊,126,10-16。
  74. 趙淑珠、程小蘋(2000)。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫
  75. 趙淑珠、程小蘋(2000)。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫NSC89-2413-H018-031行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫NSC89-2413-H018-031,未出版
  76. 劉安真(2002)。從多元文化的觀點談同志肯定諮商。輔導季刊,38(4),6-15。
  77. 劉安真(2000)。對同性戀輔導的反思。諮商與輔導,171,23-27。
  78. 劉安真(2000)。博士論文(博士論文)。彰化師範大學輔導與諮商學系博士論文。
  79. 劉安真(2000)。博士論文(博士論文)。彰化師範大學輔導與諮商學系。
  80. 賴鈺麟(2002)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。台灣大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
  81. 賴鈺麟(2002)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。台灣大學政治學研究所。
Times Cited
  1. 謝曉婷(2011)。虛擬實境在大學輔導之研究—以第二人生為例。成功大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-187。 
  2. 李珣(2015)。諮商師性自在課程之成效。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文。2015。1-277。 
  3. 周淑和(2013)。馬來西亞教師性知識、性態度及性教育實施現況研究- 以吉打州雙溪大年區華小華裔教師為例。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文。2013。1-163。 
  4. 郭盛偉(2017)。同志在宗教信仰中的自我認同歷程:以基督教徒與佛教徒為例。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2017。1-194。 
  5. 阮美嬴(2014)。與青少年同志相遇-社會工作者的服務經驗探究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2014。1-121。 
  6. 張孟琪(2009)。國小學生同性戀態度與性別角色態度之相關研究。臺東大學進修部暑期社教碩士班學位論文。2009。1-110。
  7. 李佩璇(2012)。基督徒諮商員在同志諮商 信仰與諮商專業之觀點與實踐。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2012。1-195。
  8. 鄭義鑫(2016)。國中小學生家長性態度、性溝通行為之研究:以屏東縣南州鄉為例。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文。2016。1-140。
  9. 黃婉如(2016)。中學輔導教師參與「校際輔導同盟督導團體」的專業成長經驗之研究。彰化師範大學輔導與諮商學系學位論文。2016。1-464。
  10. 許華軒(2017)。女同志寂寞感與網路交友之相關研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2017。1-115。