Title

句子結構類型識別運作歷程:一個事件相關腦電位研究

Translated Titles

The processing of recognition of structural patterns: A event-related brain potentials study

Authors

楊淑惠(Shu Hui Yang);呂菁菁(Ching Ching Lu)

Key Words

結構促發 ; 句子運作 ; 結構類型 ; 事件相關腦電位 ; P600 ; structural priming ; syntactic processing ; structural pattern ; ERP ; P600

PublicationName

明新學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

44卷1期(2020 / 12 / 01)

Page #

1 - 14

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

結構促發意指有助於處理先前出現過且具有相同句法結構的句子。根據結構促發效應,我們將利用事件相關腦電位這項工具檢驗結構類型識別的運作歷程。我們採用《全唐詩》中的詩句,直接選取或組合出符合「主詞-動詞-受詞+動詞短語(SVO+VP)」結構的兩句詩句作為促發句;「主詞-動詞-受詞+動詞短語(SVO+VP)」、「主詞-動詞-受詞+動詞短語-動詞短語(SVO+VPVP)」和「動詞短語+動詞短語(VP+VP)」這三種結構的兩句詩句作為我們的目標句。從20位實驗參與者的腦波與統計資料發現,相較於與促發句結構相同的目標句「主詞-動詞-受詞+動詞短語(SVO+VP)」,與促發句結構不同的目標句「動詞短語+動詞短語(VP+VP)」在600-900ms時間窗格中出現了P600效應。

English Abstract

Structural priming refers to facilitate to process the sentences that were the same structures with ones previously. According to the structure priming effects, we would investigate the process of the recognition of structural patterns across sentences by using ERPs. The materials in the study were from Tang poetry in Mandarin. Both of the primes and the targets consisted of two sentences. The structural pattern of the primes was SVO+VP. The structural patterns of the targets were divided into three types. They were SVO+VP, SVO+VPVP, and VP+VP respectively. The participants were asked to judge whether the structural patterns between the primes and the targets were the same or not. The EEG data were recorded from 20 participants. The structural pattern of the targets, VP+VP, which were different from the structural pattern of the primes elicited the P600 effect at 600-900 ms time window.

Topic Category 人文學 > 人文學綜合
基礎與應用科學 > 基礎與應用科學綜合
工程學 > 工程學綜合
社會科學 > 社會科學綜合