Title

普通法制度在中國大陸之命運

Translated Titles

The Destiny of Common Law System in Chinese Mainland

DOI

10.30094/NCCULJ.200301.0005

Authors

魏衍亮(Yan-Liang Wei);葉東蕾(Dong-Lei Ye)

Key Words

普通法制度 ; 大陸法制度 ; 分析哲學 ; 技藝理性 ; 尋租 ; 中國大陸 ; common law system ; continental law system ; analytical philosophy ; ration with technique ; rent-seeking ; Chinese Mainland

PublicationName

中正大學法學集刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

10期(2003 / 01 / 01)

Page #

177 - 228

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本文認為:中國大陸和德國、法國、日本一樣屬於大陸法系國家,而不再屬於社會主義法系國家了。但是,在中國大陸地區,公權力對私人權利的賦予或者剝奪往往過於廣泛、頻繁。後者仍然是前者的附庸。大規模的私有化浪潮將是中國大陸法制變遷過程中不可逾越的一個進程。這個進程將使中國大陸真正成為一個被私權利主導的現代國家。這個進程之後,中國大陸將成為一個類似德國的現代大陸法國家,抑或一個類似美國的現代普通法國家。本文討論了普通法制度的由來、制度稟賦、優點,認為中國大陸應當引進普通法制度。最後,本文強調:中國大陸法制現代化的成敗並不取決於其是否從國外民法、刑法、行政法上抄襲了足夠多的實體規則,而在於其能否建立一種大規模地釋放私人權利訴求的、發達的普通法制度。

English Abstract

The article brought forward the point of view that Chinese Mainland shouldn't be regarded as a country with socialism law system any longer, but had become a country with continental law system similar to Germany, France and Japan. However, private rights are being granted and deprived by public powers too frequently and too broadly in Chinese Mainland. The former is dependent upon the latter. Chinese Mainland can't shun a phase of large-scaled privatization in its process of building a country with modern law systems. After the said phase, Chinese Mainland would become a modern country with continental law system similar to Germany or with common law system similar to the U.S. The article discussed the history, the institutional natural gifts as well as the merits of common law system. It opined that Chinese Mainland should choose to develop common law system. It also listed seven causes that would lead to the acceptance of common law system by Chinese Mainland. In the end, the article underscored that the destiny of the modernization of the legal system of Chinese Mainland wouldn't be determined by the choice of Chinese Mainland to copy enough substantial provisions from civil, criminal or administrative codes of foreign countries, but by its choice to establish a kind of developed common law system with the ability of releasing private allegations on a large scale.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 法律學