Title

Modeling Variation in Taiwan Southern Min Syllable Contraction

Translated Titles

台灣閩南語音節連併變化之模型建構

DOI

10.6519/TJL.2005.3(2).3

Authors

李盈興(Ying-Shing Li);麥傑(James Myers)

Key Words
PublicationName

Taiwan Journal of Linguistics

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

3卷2期(2005 / 12 / 01)

Page #

79 - 118

Content Language

英文

Chinese Abstract

本文嘗試運用一種推測性優選理論模型,即為漸進學習演算法(the Gradual Learning Algorithm),來建構台灣閩南語音節連併的變化。為探測此模型的有效性,三種複雜度互異的資料因而置入模型:第一種類型為符合許(2003)分析的完全連併音節;第二種類型為除了前項類型之外,增加了許(2003)分析的特例,但其仍為以閩南語為母語者認可的完全連併音節;第三種類型取自李(2005)語言發聲實驗的半連併音節,最為突顯語音的變化。結果顯示此模型能夠在置入不同資料後,分別提供合理的制約排列順序,同時能夠涵括其一般性及變化性。因此,本文證實推測性優選理論模型似乎能夠建構符合語言事實的語法。

English Abstract

In this paper we attempt to model variation in Taiwan Southern Min syllable contraction using the Gradual Learning Algorithm (GLA; Boersma and Hayes 2001), an Optimality-Theoretic model with variable constraint ranking. To explore the effectiveness of GLA, we look at three data sets of increasing complexity: non-variable fully contracted forms as analyzed by Hsu (2003), variable outputs as noted by Hsu and confirmed by other native speakers, and phonetically variable outputs collected in a speech production experiment by Li (2005). The results reveal that GLA is capable of providing plausible constraint ranking hierarchies that capture both major generalizations and variability. Stochastic constraint evaluation thus seems to be a promising mechanism in the construction of grammars.

Topic Category 人文學 > 語言學
Reference
  1. Myers, James.(2003).A formal functional model of tone.Language and Linguistics,4(1),105-138.
    連結:
  2. Alderete, John.(2001).Morphologically Governed Accent in Optimality Theory.New York:Routledge.
  3. Anttila, Arto.,F. Hinskens,R. Van Hout,W. L. Wetzels (ed.)(1997).Variation, Change and Phonological Theory.Amsterdam:John Benjamins.
  4. Apoussidou, Diana,Paul Boersma.(2004).Comparing two Optimality-Theoretic learning algorithms for Latin stress.WCCFL,23,29-42.
  5. Boersma, Paul.(1998).Functional Phonology.The Hague:Holland Academic Graphics.
  6. Boersma, Paul,Bruce Hayes.(2001).Empirical tests of the gradual learning algorithm.Linguistic Inquiry,32,45-86.
  7. Praat: Doing Phonetics by Computer
  8. Cheng, Robert L.(1985).Sub-syllabic morphemes in Taiwanese.Journal of Chinese Linguistics,13(1),12-43.
  9. Chomsky, Noam.(1965).Aspects of the Theory of Syntax.Cambridge, MA:MIT Press.
  10. Chung, Raung-fu.(1996).The Segmental Phonology of Southern Min in Taiwan.Taipei:The Crane Publishing Co.
  11. Chung, Raung-fu.,F. Tsao,S. Wang (ed.)(1997).Chinese Languages and Linguistics III: Morphology and Lexicon.Taipei:Academia Sinica.
  12. Clements, George N.,John Kingston,Marry E. Beckman (ed.)(1990).Papers in Laboratory Phonology I: Between the Grammar and Physics of Speech.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.
  13. DMDX Display Software
  14. Hsiao, Yuchau E.(2002).Tone contraction.Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Chinese Languages and Linguistics,Taipei:
  15. Hsu, Hui-chuan.(2003).A sonority model of syllable contraction in Taiwanese Southern Min.Journal of East Asian Linguistics,12(4),349-377.
  16. Hsu, Hui-chuan.(2005).An Optimality-Theoretic analysis of syllable contraction in Cantonese.Journal of Chinese Linguistics,33(1),114-139.
  17. Keller, Frank.(2000).University of Edinburgh.
  18. Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives
  19. Keller, Frank,Ash Asudeh.(2002).Probabilistic learning algorithms and Optimality Theory.Linguistic Inquiry,33,225-244.
  20. Labov, William.(1994).Principles of Linguistic Change: Internal Factors.Oxford:Blackwell.
  21. Li, Yingshing.(2005).Frequency Effects in Taiwan Southern Min Syllable Contraction.National Chung Cheng University MA thesis.
  22. McCarthy, John,Alan Prince.,J. Beckman,L. Walsh Dickey,S. Urbanczyk (ed.)(1995).Faithfulness and reduplicative identity.University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics 18,249-384.
  23. Myers, James,Jane Tsay.(2003).Phonological Competence by Analogy: Computer Modeling of Experimentally Elicited Judgements of Chinese Syllables (I).Taiwan:National Cheng Chung University.
  24. Prince, Alan,Paul Smolensky.(2004).Optimality Theory: Constraint interaction in generative grammar.Oxford, UK:Blackwell.
  25. Selkirk, Elisabeth O.,M. Aronoff,R. Oerhle (ed.)(1984).On the major class features and syllable theory. Language and Structure.Cambridge:MIT Press.
  26. Tesar, Bruce,Paul Smolensky.(2000).Learnability in Optimality Theory.Cambridge, MA:MIT Press.
  27. Tseng, Chin-Chin.,Y.-M. Yin,L. Yang,H. Chan (ed.)(1999).Chinese Languages and Linguistics V: Interactions in Languages.Taipei:Academia Sinica.
  28. Venneman, Theo.(1972).On the theory of syllabic phonology.Linguistische Berichte,18,1-18.
  29. Yip, Moira.(1988).Template morphology and the direction of association.Natural Language and Linguistic Theory,6,551-577.
Times Cited
  1. 楊怡慧(2015)。臺灣閩南語句法剖析器初探。中正大學語言學研究所學位論文。2015。1-105。