Title

Monsters, Perversion, and Enjoyment: Toward a Psychoanalytic Theory of Postmodern Horror

DOI

10.6240/concentric.lit.200701_33(1).0005

Authors

黃涵榆(Han-Yu Huang)

Key Words

enjoyment ; extimacy ; fantasy ; Gothic ; horror ; monster ; Father-jouissance ; perversion ; postmodern ; superego ; uncanny

PublicationName

Concentric: Literary and Cultural Studies

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

33卷1期(2007 / 01 / 01)

Page #

87 - 110

Content Language

英文

English Abstract

This essay looks at ”horror” both as a narrative (literary and especially cinematic) genre and as a trans-genre, postmodern social and cultural milieu, one in which horror has become entangled with excessive, pathological fantasy and enjoyment. First, the traditional, 19th-century literary-Gothic motifs (excess, monstrosity, transgression, and uncanny doubling) will be explored in the light of such psychoanalytic concepts as the uncanny, extimacy, and the ”subject-beyond-subjectivization.” Then the reworking or transformation of these motifs, especially the monster motif, in contemporary ”postmodern” horror films like Hitchcock's Psycho (1960) and Jonathan Demme's The Silence of the Lambs (1991) will be discussed. This ”new Monster” will be described in terms of the superego, aggression, and perversion in our contemporary ”culture of enjoyment”; a key notion here is the move from Freudian superego as the collective moral voice of society (moral conscience) to Lacanian superego as perverse command to ”enjoy ourselves.” The essay's final section offers some psychoanalytical-ethical reflections on reading contemporary, horror-immersed culture.

Topic Category 人文學 > 人文學綜合
人文學 > 歷史學
Reference
  1. Arata, Stephen D.,Nina Auberach (Ed.),David J. Skal.(1997).Dracula.New York:Norton.
  2. Botting, Fred.(1996).Gothic.London:Routledge.
  3. Braidotti, Rosi.(2002).Metamorphoses: Towards a Materialist Theory of Becoming.Cambridge:Polity.
  4. Brophy, Phililp.(1983).Horrality: The Textuality of Contemporary Horror Films.Screen,27(1),2-13.
  5. Carroll, Noël.(1990).The Philosophy of Horror or Paradoxes of the Heart.New York:Routledge.
  6. Crane, Jonathan Lake.(1994).Terror and Everyday Life: Singular Moments in the History of the Horror Film.Thousands Oaks:Sage.
  7. Creed, Barbara.(2003).The Monstrous-Feminine: Film, Feminism, Psychoanalysis.London:Routledge.
  8. Dolar, Mladen.(1991).'I Shall Be with You on Your Wedding-Night': Lacan and the Uncanny.October,58,5-23.
  9. Fashy, Thomas.(2003).Killer Culture: Classical Music and the Art of Killing in Silence of the Lambs and Seven.The Journal of Popular Culture,37(1),28-42.
  10. Fink, Bruce.(1997).A Clinical Introduction to Lacanian Psychoanalysis: Theory and Technique.Cambridge, MA:Harvard UP.
  11. Fink, Bruce.(2004).Lacan to the Letter: Reading Écrits Closely.Minneapolis:U of Minnesota P.
  12. Freeland, Cynthia A.(2000).The Naked and the Undead: Evil and the Appeal of Horror.Boulder:Westview.
  13. Freud, Sigmund.(1959).Sigmund Freud: Collected Papers.New York:Basic.
  14. Jagodzinski, Jan.(2004).Youth Fantasies: The Perverse Landscape of the Media.New York:Plagrave.
  15. Jancovich, Mark (ed.)(2002).Horror, the Film Reader.London:Routledge.
  16. Jones, Darryl.(2002).Horror: A Thematic History in Fiction and Film.London:Arnold.
  17. Kay, Sarah.(2003).Žižek: A Critical Introduction.Cambridge:Polity.
  18. Kilgour, Maggie.,Francis Barker (Ed.)(1998).Cannibalism and the Colonial World.Cambridge:Cambridge UP.
  19. Lacan, Jacques.,Alan Sheridan. (Trans.),Jacques-Alain Miller. (Ed.)(1978).The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book XI: The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis.New York:Norton.
  20. Lacan, Jacques.,Bruce Fink (Trans.)(2002).Écrits: A Selection.New York:Norton.
  21. Lacan, Jacques.,Dennis Porter. (Trans.),Jacques-Alain Miller. (Ed.)(1992).The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book VII: The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960.New York:Norton.
  22. Martin, Robert K.,Eric Savoy (eds.)(1998).American Gothic: New Interventions in a National Narrative.Iowa City:U of Iowa P.
  23. McGowan, Todd.(2004).The End of Dissatisfaction? Jacques Lacan and the Emerging Society of Enjoyment.New York:State U of New York P.
  24. McKee, Patricia.(2002).Radicalization, Capitalism, and Aesthetics in Stoker's Dracula.Novel.
  25. Michasiw, Kim Ian..Some Stations of Suburban Gothic.Martin and Savoy.
  26. Monleon, José.,Ken Gelder. (Ed.)(2000).The Horror Reader.London:Routledge.
  27. Nixon, Nicola..Making Monsters, or Serializing Killers.Martin and Savoy.
  28. Picart, Caroline J. S.,David A. Frank.,Stephen Prince. (Ed.)(2004).The Horror Film.New Brunswick, NJ:Rutgers UP.
  29. Poe, Edgar Allan..Complete Stories and Poems of Edgar Allan Poe.New York:Doubleday, N.D..
  30. Rickels, Laurence A.(1999).The Vampire Lectures.Minneapolis:U of Minnesota P.
  31. Schneider, Steven Jay..Murder as Art/The Art of Murder: Aestheticizing Violence in Modern Cinematic Horror..Schneider and Shaw.
  32. Schneider, Steven Jay.,Daniel Shaw (eds.)(2003).Dark Thoughts: Philosophic Reflections on Cinematic Horror.Lanham:Scarecrow.
  33. Schopp, Andrew.(2003).The Practice of Politics of 'Freeing the Look': Jonathan Demme's The Silence of the Lambs.Camera Obscura,53,125-150.
  34. Shaw, Daniel..The Mastery of Hannibal Lecter.Schneider and Shaw.
  35. Simpson, Philip L.(2000).Psycho Paths: Tracking the Serial Killer through Contemporary American Film and Fiction.Carbondale:South Illinois UP.
  36. Stevenson, Robert Louis.(1994).The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.London:Penguin.
  37. Stoker, Bram.,Nina Auerbach (Ed.),David J. Skal.(1997).Dracula.New York:Norton.
  38. Tudor, Andrew..Why Horror? The Peculiar Pleasures of a Popular Genre.Jancovich.
  39. Wells, Paul.(2000).The Horror Genre: From Beelzebub to Blair Witch.London:Wallflower.
  40. Wolfe, Cary,Jonathan Elmer.(1995).Subject to Sacrifice: Ideology, Psychoanalysis, and the Discourse of Species in Jonathan Demme's Silence of the Lambs.Boundary 2,22(3),141-170.
  41. Ziarek, Ewa Płonowska.(2001).An Ethics of Dissensus: Postmodernity, Feminism, and the Politics of Radical Democracy.Stanford:Stanford UP.
  42. Žižek, Slavoj.(2001).Did Somebody Say Totalitarianism? Five Interventions in the (Mis)use of a Notion.London:Verso.
  43. Žižek, Slavoj.(1992).Enjoy Your Symptom! Jacques Lacan in Hollywood and Out.New York:Routledge.
  44. Žižek, Slavoj.(1991).For They Know Not What They Do: Enjoyment as a Political Factor.London:Verso.
  45. Žižek, Slavoj.(1991).Looking Awry: An Introduction to Jacques Lacan through Popular Culture.Cambridge, MA:The MIT P.
  46. Žižek, Slavoj.(2001).On Belief.London:Routledge.
  47. Žižek, Slavoj.(1993).Tarrying with the Negative: Kant, Hegel, and the Critique of Ideology.Durham:Duke UP.
  48. Žižek, Slavoj.(2000).The Fragile Absolute: Or, Why Is the Christian Legacy Worth Fighting for?.London:Verso.
  49. Žižek, Slavoj.(1997).The Plague of Fantasies.London:Verso.
  50. Žižek, Slavoj.(1989).The Sublime Object of Ideology.London:Verso.
  51. Žižek, Slavoj.(1999).The Ticklish Subject: The Absent Center of Political Ontology.London:Verso.
  52. Žižek, Slavoj.(2002).Welcome to the Desert of the Real! Five Essays on September 11 and Related Dates.London:Verso.
  53. Žižek, Slavoj.(1997).The Supposed Subjects of Ideology.Critical Quarterly,39(2),39-59.
  54. Žižek, Slavoj. (ed.)(1992).Everything You Always Wanted to Know about Lacan (But Were Afraid to Ask Hitchcock).London:Verso.