Title

小紅帽與虎姑婆的原型、原型故事模式分析及其對傳播效果影響之探討

Translated Titles

An Analysis of Archetypes, Archetypal Story Patterns and Their Effects on Communication: Using Little Red Riding Hoodand Auntie Tigress as Examples

DOI

10.7041/SCJLA.201807_(28).0002

Authors

張依依(EE, Chang)

Key Words

小紅帽 ; 虎姑婆 ; 原型 ; 原型故事模式 ; 集體潛意識 ; Archetype ; archetypal story patterns ; auntie tigress ; collective unconscious ; Little Red Riding Hood

PublicationName

實踐博雅學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

28期(2018 / 07 / 01)

Page #

27 - 42

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

西方的小紅帽與東方的虎姑婆非常類似,俱為飽受歡迎、傳播效果宏大的兒童故事,但是傳播理論卻無法進一步解釋它們的異同和廣受歡迎的原因。本文從分析心理學「原型」理論和文學敘事觀點,解剖這兩個傳布久遠的故事,指出它們都富含原型,又兼具寓意深遠的「原型故事模式」,所以廣為歷代轉述和挪用,成為文創時代難得的文化資產。此外,本文也顯示它們肇因於文化、敘事筆法和想像空間的不同,乃至後世應用有別的原因。

English Abstract

The western Little Red Riding Hood and the eastern Auntie Tigress are two similar folktales; both are popular children's stories with great communication effects. However, communication theories are limited in deciphering their popularity and differences. This paper profiles these two long-lived tales from a psychoanalytic and narrative point of view, showing how both are filled with archetypes and profound story patterns, and why they are retold and reused from generation to generation, becoming remarkable cultural assets. The analysis also indicates the tales' differences in culture, narrative and imagination, along with explanations of their difference in application.

Topic Category 人文學 > 人文學綜合
基礎與應用科學 > 基礎與應用科學綜合
社會科學 > 教育學
Reference
  1. 林愛華(2009)。探索「小紅帽」。東吳外語學報,28,171-198。
    連結:
  2. Bal, Mieke,van Boheemen, Christine(Trans.)(1999).Narratology: Introduction to the theory of narrative.Toronto, Ontario:University of Toronto Press.
  3. Campbell, Joseph(1972).The hero with a thousand faces.New York, NY:Princeton/Bollingen.
  4. Covington, Coline(1995).No story, no analysis? The role of narrative in interpretation.Journal of Analytical Psychology,40,405-17.
  5. Darnton, Robert(1984).The great cat massacre and other episodes in French cultural history.New York, NY:Basic Books.
  6. Dundes, Alan(1989).Little red riding hood: A casebook.Madison, WI:The University of Wisconsin Press.
  7. Evans, Laura(2011).Little red riding hood bites back: A feminist reinterpretation.Visual Research,37(4)
  8. Hall, Calvin S.,Nordby, Vernon J.(1973).A primer of Jungian psychology.New York, NY:Penguin Books.
  9. Jung, C. G.(Ed.)(1968).Man and his symbols.New York:Dell Publishing.
  10. Jung, Carl Gustav(2009).Four Archetypes.London, UK:Routledge.
  11. Jung, Carl Gustav,Adler, G.(Eds. and Trans.),Hull, R. F. C.(Eds. and Trans.)(1969).Psychology and religion: West and east.Taylor & Francis.
  12. Lieblich, Amia,Tuval-Mashiach, Rivka,Zilber, Tmar(1998).Narrative research: Reading analysis and interpretation.London, UK:Sage.
  13. Mark, Margret.,Pearson, Carol S.(2001).The hero and the outlaw: Building extraordinary brands through the power of archetypes.New York, NY:McGraw-Hill.
  14. Orenstein, Catherine(2002).Little red riding hood uncloaked: Sex, morality, and the evolution of a fairy tale.New York, NY:Basic Books.
  15. Pavlik, John V.(1987).Public relations: What research tells us.Newbury Park, CA:Sage.
  16. Roesler, Christian(2006).A narratological methodology for identifying archetypal story patterns in autobiographical narratives.Journal of Analytical Psychology,51,574-586.
  17. Sarbin, Theodore(1997).The poetics of identity.Theory & Psychology,7,67-82.
  18. Von Franz, Marie-Louiese(1997).Archetype patterns in fairy tales.Toronto, Canada:Inner City Books.
  19. Zipes, Jack David(1993).The trials and tribulations of little red riding hood.New York:Routledge.
  20. 王孟心(2012)。由「虎姑婆」中的原型意象論兒童心靈自我的成長:榮格心理分析的觀點。諮商與輔導,323,30-32。
  21. 吳安清(2004)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。東吳大學中國文學研究所。
  22. 段寶林(1982)。「狼外婆」故事的比較研究初探。民間文學論壇,1,39-40。
  23. 孫隆基(1990)。中國文化的深層結構。臺北:唐山出版社。
  24. 徐華龍(1991)。變婆考。中國民間文化,上海:
  25. 傅林統,〈妹妹vs.小紅帽:虎姑婆未曾被點出的象徵意義〉,《國語日報》,頁13,2000年3 月26 日。
  26. 鍾敬文,〈老虎外婆故事專輯〉,《民間月刊》,2(2),頁14-16,1932。