Title

Appointing the Prime Minister under Incongruence: Taiwan in Comparison with France and Russia

DOI

10.29654/TJD.200507.0005

Authors

Yu-Shan Wu

Key Words
PublicationName

Taiwan Journal of Democracy

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

1卷1期(2005 / 07 / 01)

Page #

103 - 132

Content Language

英文

English Abstract

This article attempts to answer the question of why ROC President Chen Shui-bian has not appointed an opposition leader to be prime minister although the opposition has maintained a majority in the Legislative Yuan. This question is raised because the 1997 amendment of the ROC constitution is modeled on the French Fifth Republic, and a French president under similar circumstances would opt for ”cohabitation.” A typology of the modes of interactions between the president and the parliament under an incongruent semipresidential system is offered in which four modes are identified: ”cohabitation” à la French Fifth Republic, ”compromise” or ”division of labor,” as in Finland or Poland, ”collision,” as exemplified by Weimar Germany, and ”presidential supremacy,” as practiced in the Russian Federation. Taiwan since Chen's inauguration in May 2000 has been moving closer and closer to the ideal type of ”presidential supremacy,” as evidenced by the increasing assertion of Chen in appointing four consecutive prime ministers, and the corresponding acquiescence by the opposition-dominated parliament. This presidential ascendancy is attributed to low credibility of a successful vote of no confidence (SVNC) on Chen's prime ministers. That low credibility, in turn, is attributed to dismal electoral prospects and the lack of a will to fight of the opposition leadership, and high coordination hurdles for the opposition parties. It is asserted that the future mode of president-parliament interaction in Taiwan would still be determined by those factors bearing on the credibility of an SVNC, given that the ROC's constitutional structure remains semipresidential.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 政治學
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Times Cited
  1. 官晴(2016)。後列寧半總統制政體的憲政轉型與民主表現 外力、經濟、民族主義激蕩下的變奏: 台灣、俄羅斯、蒙古。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2016。1-190。 
  2. 許恒禎(2013)。半總統制下不同政府型態之成因─台灣、蒙古、波蘭及其他後列寧民主國家。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-191。 
  3. 沈有忠(2009)。德國威瑪共和半總統制憲法的設計、運作與轉出。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2009。1-387。 
  4. 蘇子喬(2006)。台灣憲政體制的變遷軌跡(1991-2006)-歷史制度論的分析。政治大學政治研究所學位論文。2006。1-228。