Title

超越「危險」與「安全」:從個案抗拒探討親密伴侶暴力防治建制

Translated Titles

Beyond Risk and Safety: Client Resistance to the Intimate Partner Violence Prevention

Authors

程婉若(Wan-Juo Cheng)

Key Words

主體性 ; 抗拒 ; 受害者 ; 建制民族誌 ; 親密伴侶暴力 ; intimate partner violence ; institutional ethnography ; subjectivity ; resistance ; victim

PublicationName

輔導與諮商學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

41卷2期(2019 / 11 / 01)

Page #

1 - 23

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

1998年台灣成為亞洲第一個實施家庭暴力防治法的國家,從此親密伴侶暴力成為國家得以公權力介入的公共議題,免於暴力危險與受暴婦女人身安全為防治首要任務。本研究是以個案研究的方式,藉由一位「抗拒」的受暴女性案例,以她的經驗為立足點,從建制民族誌觀點探討親密伴侶暴力防治意識形態透過文本如何重塑個案的主體性,及從個案的「抗拒」探討其中的社會權力關係。研究發現親密伴侶暴力是從犯罪視角解讀,建制中各式量表及介入手段形塑個案的「被害人」主體並排除她的真實經驗,且強調暴力為唯一事實及維護受暴女性個人安全與福祉的親密伴侶暴力防治意識形態,不僅使得個案對鑲嵌於經濟及性別脈絡之暴力行為發生的理解不被聽見,更是拒絕承認同時存在其他的主體位置,並排除源自於日常真實互動所產生的知識與能動性。個案的抗拒其實是對親密伴侶暴力防治建制邏輯的簡化及拒絕理解的反抗。此外,透過危險意識提升及安全計畫實施發展個案維護自身安全的責任,使得親密伴侶暴力防治建制成為新自由主義的代言人,強調個人選擇、責任及福祉,支配專業人員與個案的工作方向,促成專業服務關係的糾結。因此,若能以受暴女性作為知識主體,納入她們的知識,才有可能發展出切合不同需要的個案且較為彈性地親密伴侶暴力防治觀點與方式。

English Abstract

Intimate partner violence has no longer been seen as a private matter but a significant social issue that the State has the right to interfere with since the Domestic Violence Prevention Act was enacted in 1998. The primary prevention strategy is to assess risks battered women might be involved in and to develop a safety plan to avoid future violence. This case study adopts institutional ethnography, i.e. taking the standpoint of the battered woman to examine how the institutional ideology of intimate partner violence shapes the subjectivity of the battered woman, who is characterized "resistant" and "something wrong with her" from the perspectives of the services providers, through texts, and further explicates the power relations embedded in the domestic violence prevention practices. The results indicate that intimate partner violence is viewed as a crime in which the victim-subject is made and safety is the primary focus of all professional practices mediated by the texts in the institution of intimate partner violence prevention. Her reluctance may be viewed as a confrontation with the institutional logic that excludes the actual experiences she has been doing as a wife, mother, and daughter-in-law. Additionally, embracing the values of neoliberalism, the prevention strategies, such as safety planning, entail a shift from "victim" to "survivor" with a focus on the battered woman's empowerment and agency through which she is responsible for keeping herself safe. It seems that justice has been done by making the batterers accountable for their violent behaviors that should be sanctioned. However, the battered woman's main concern for preserving the relationship with her husband and commitment to maintaining the family intact have remained unacknowledged given that the main focus of the dialogues between parties (e.g., the battered woman, the batterer, counseling psychologist, social worker) is placed on violence. Accordingly, the path to decreasing the resistance and developing preventive strategies that will fit with their social situations is through acknowledging battered women as knowing subjects and making plans based on their knowledge of living.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 心理學
社會科學 > 教育學