Title

呼吸肌阻力訓練對游泳攝氧量與肺功能表現之影響

Translated Titles

The Effect of Resistance Respiratory Muscle Training(RRMT) on Oxygen Intake and Pulmonary Function of Swimmers

DOI

10.6194/SCS.2011.24.06

Authors

郭堉圻(Yu-Chi Kuo);邱琴瑟(Chyn-Seh Chiou)

Key Words

呼吸肌 ; 最大攝氧量 ; 游泳者 ; respiratory muscles ; oxygen intake ; swimmer

PublicationName

運動教練科學

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

24期(2011 / 12 / 01)

Page #

69 - 80

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

This study aims to explore the effect of respiratory muscle training (RMT) in maximal inspiratory pressure (PI(superscript max)), maximal expiratory pressure (PE(superscript max)), ventilation (VE), oxygen intake (V(superscript O2)), carbon dioxide output (V(superscript CO2)) and heart rate (HR) of swimmers. 20 healthy subjects, aged 18 to 25, were recruited. Each subject had pre- and post-training pulmonary function, respiratory pressure and maximal V(superscript O2) measured. With the pretraining value of maximal V(superscript O2), subjects were assigned to either an experimental group or control group (experimental group: 20.79 ± 3.83 ml/kg/min; control group: 20.42 ± 3.83 ml/kg/min) in a balanced order, and the study was conducted in a single-blinded manner. The experimental group attended 6 weeks (5 days/week; 2 periods/day; 30 times/period) of RRMT while the control group did not attend training. The two groups showed insignificant differences in pre-training PImax. For the experimental group, post-training PImax was significantly higher (92.40 ± 8.18 vs. 99.51 ± 5.18 cmH2O, p < .05) compared with the pre-training value, while PEmax showed insignificant differences in both groups (p > .05). Post-training V(superscript O2) was significantly higher when compared to pre-training value (22.71 ± 4.03 ml/kg/min, p < .05). After 6 weeks of training, HR of experimental group was lower than of control group (122 ± 1.3 vs. 130 ± 1.4 beat/min, p < .05), while HR recovery capacity was higher (72 ± 1.1 vs. 84 ± 1.2 beat/min, p < .05). However, the two groups showed insignificant differences in post-training VE, V(superscript O2) and V(superscript CO2). This study showed that, after 6 weeks of RMT, the improvement of PImax and V(superscript O2)max and decrease of HR were significant.

English Abstract

This study aims to explore the effect of respiratory muscle training (RMT) in maximal inspiratory pressure (PI(superscript max)), maximal expiratory pressure (PE(superscript max)), ventilation (VE), oxygen intake (V(superscript O2)), carbon dioxide output (V(superscript CO2)) and heart rate (HR) of swimmers. 20 healthy subjects, aged 18 to 25, were recruited. Each subject had pre- and post-training pulmonary function, respiratory pressure and maximal V(superscript O2) measured. With the pretraining value of maximal V(superscript O2), subjects were assigned to either an experimental group or control group (experimental group: 20.79 ± 3.83 ml/kg/min; control group: 20.42 ± 3.83 ml/kg/min) in a balanced order, and the study was conducted in a single-blinded manner. The experimental group attended 6 weeks (5 days/week; 2 periods/day; 30 times/period) of RRMT while the control group did not attend training. The two groups showed insignificant differences in pre-training PImax. For the experimental group, post-training PImax was significantly higher (92.40 ± 8.18 vs. 99.51 ± 5.18 cmH2O, p < .05) compared with the pre-training value, while PEmax showed insignificant differences in both groups (p > .05). Post-training V(superscript O2) was significantly higher when compared to pre-training value (22.71 ± 4.03 ml/kg/min, p < .05). After 6 weeks of training, HR of experimental group was lower than of control group (122 ± 1.3 vs. 130 ± 1.4 beat/min, p < .05), while HR recovery capacity was higher (72 ± 1.1 vs. 84 ± 1.2 beat/min, p < .05). However, the two groups showed insignificant differences in post-training VE, V(superscript O2) and V(superscript CO2). This study showed that, after 6 weeks of RMT, the improvement of PImax and V(superscript O2)max and decrease of HR were significant.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 體育學
Reference
  1. 王順正、程文欣、王予仕、黃彥鈞、江泰儒(2008)。心跳率控制跑步速度與固定速度訓練的比較研究。體育學報,41(2),1-13。
    連結:
  2. (2002).American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society Statement on Respiratory Muscle Testing.American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine,166,518-624.
  3. Amonette, W. E.,Dupler, T. L.(2001).Study Final ReportStudy Final Report,Fitness & Human Performance Laboratory University of Houston-Clear Lake.
  4. Breslav, I. S.,Volkov, N. I.(2002).The Phenomenon of refusal in muscular activity- the role of the respiratory system.Human Physiology,28,106-113.
  5. Courteix, D.,Obert, P.,Lecoq, A. M.,Guenon, P.,Koch, G.(1997).Effect of intensive swimming training on lung volumes, airway resistance and on the maximal expiratory flow-volume relationship in prepubertal girls.European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology,76,264-269.
  6. Dicker, S. G.,Lofthus, G. K.,Thornton, N. W.,Brooks, G. A.(1980).Respiratory and heart rate responses to tethered controlled frequency breathing swimming.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise,12,20-23.
  7. Gething, A. D.,Passfield, L.,Davies, B.(2004).The effects of different inspiratory muscle training intensities on exercising heart rate and perceived exertion.European Journal of Applied Physiology,92,50-55.
  8. Griffiths, L. A.,McConnell, A. K.(2007).The influence of inspiratory and expiratory muscle training upon rowing performance.European Journal of Applied Physiology,99(5),457-466.
  9. Harms, C. A.,Babcock, M. A.,McClaran S. R.(1997).Respiratory muscle work compromises leg blood flow during maximal exercise.Journal of Applied Physiology,82,1573-1583.
  10. Johnson, B. D.,Aaron, E. A.,Babcock, M. A.,Dempsey, J. A.(1996).Respiratory muscle fatigue during exercise: implications for performance.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise,28,1129-1137.
  11. Johnson, M. A.,Sharpe, G. R.,Brown, P. I.(2007).Inspiratory muscle training improves cycling time-trial performance and anaerobic work capacity but not critical power.European Journal of Applied Physiology,101,761-770.
  12. Loke, J.,Mahler, D. A.,Virgulto, J. A.(1982).Respiratory muscle fatigue after marathon running.Journal of Applied Physiology,52(4),821-824.
  13. Lomax, M. E.,McConnell, A. K.(2003).Inspiratory muscle fatigue in swimmers after a single 200 m swim.Journal of Sports Sciences,21(8),659-664.
  14. Ozkaplan, A.,Rhodes, E. C.,Sheel, A. W.,Taunton, J. E.(2005).A comparison of inspiratory muscle fatigue following maximal exercise in moderately trained males and females.European Journal of Applied Physiology,95,52-56.
  15. Romer, L. M.,Lovering, A. T.,Haverkamp, H. C.,Pegelow, D. F.,Dempsey, J. A.(2005).Effect of inspiratory muscle work on peripheral fatigue of locomotor muscles in healthy humans.The Journal of Physiology,571(2),425-439.
  16. Romer, L. M.,McConnell, A. K.,Jones, D. A.(2002).Effects of inspiratory muscle training upon recovery time during high intensity, repetitive sprint activity.International Journal Sport Medicine,23,353-360.
  17. Sale, D. G.(1988).Neural adaptation to resistance training.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise,20(5),S135-145.
  18. Sharmam, S.,Brown, B.(2007).Spirometry and Respiratory Muscle Function During Ascent to Higher Altitudes.Lung,185,113-121.
  19. Tong, T. K.,Fu, F. H.(2006).Effect of specific inspiratory muscle warm-up on intense intermittent run to exhaustion.European Journal of Applied Physiology,197,673-680.
  20. Verges, S.,Sager, Y.,Erni, C.,Spengler, C. M.(2007).Expiratory muscle fatigue impairs exercise performance.European Journal of Applied Physiology,101,225-232.
  21. Wells, G. D.,Plyley, M.,Thomas, S.,Goodman, L.,Duffin, J.(2005).Effects of concurrent inspiratory and expiratory muscle training on respiratory and exercise performance in competitive swimmers.European Journal of Applied Physiology,94,527-540.
  22. West, J. B.(2004).Respiratory physiology- The essentials.La Jolla, CF:Lippincitt Wolliams & Wilkins.
  23. Wilcox, P. G.,Eisen, A.,Wiggs, B. J.,Pardy, R. L.(1988).Diaphragmatic relaxation rate after voluntary contractions and uni-and bilateral phrenic stimulation.Journal of Applied Physiology,65(2),675-682.
  24. Williams, J. S.,Wongsathikun, J.,Boon, S. M.,Acevedo, E. O.(2002).Inspiratory muscle training fails to improve endurance capacity in athletes.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise,34(7),1194-1198.
  25. 呂欣倫(2006)。臺北市,國立臺灣師範大學。
  26. 洪平、李開剛(2003)。测定游泳運動員上肢最大有氧能力探討。體育科學,5,106-109。
Times Cited
  1. 傅正思、李淑玲、吳家瑋(2014)。呼吸肌訓練對男性鐵人三項選手訓練效果之影響。台東大學體育學報,21,43-55。
  2. 李曜全、吳昇光、江慶修(2018)。運動員吸氣肌訓練。國立臺灣體育運動大學學報,7(1),1-12。
  3. 陳俊年,周立偉,王元聖(2019)。模擬賽對於大專跆拳道選手呼吸肌之影響。體育學報,52(1),29-38。
  4. 魏振展(2018)。短期呼吸肌訓練介入對鐵人三項選手身體組成與運動表現之影響。運動研究,27(2),37-51。