Translated Titles

The Evacuation Behaviors of University Library Users


吳可久(Ko-Chiu Wu);王文安(Wen-An Wang);宋立垚(Lih-Yau Song)

Key Words

圖書館建築 ; 空間認知 ; 火災逃生 ; 決策行為 ; Library architecture ; Space recognition ; Fire evacuation ; Decision behavior



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

4卷2期(2010 / 06 / 01)

Page #

95 - 121

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

This study analyzed the evacuation behaviors of university library users. University libraries are characteristic of the ”one room” buildings constituted by open spaces, multiple floors, a single main entrance/exit, and main stairways. These features affect users' evacuation behaviors in fire emergencies. Using questionnaire survey in four university libraries in Taiwan, this study statistically analyzed the fire evacuation behavioral tendencies of 948 library users including library patrons and staffers. The findings show that, although many people chose the shortest path to approach the nearest stairway and exit, other people based on their familiarity with the library buildings would choose paths to stairways closest to the main exit. Therefore, a computer simulation program for fire evacuation based solely on the shortest path concept is irrational for the real library users. Furthermore, this study analyzed the various evacuation behaviors and attitudes based on users' profiles of age/sex, rank, and frequency of library visit. The results may shed light on the human cognitive and information processes in hazard situations and provide useful information for the planning of evacuation systems.

Topic Category 人文學 > 圖書資訊學
社會科學 > 傳播學
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