Translated Titles

The Impact of Psychosocial Development, InterpersonalRelationship Satisfaction, Extracurricular Experienceson College Juniors' Employability




蕭佳純(Chia-Chun Hsiao);方斌(Pin Fang);陳雯蕙(Wen-Hui Chen)

Key Words

人際滿意度 ; 心理社會發展 ; 就業力 ; 課外經歷 ; employability ; extracurricular experience ; interpersonal relationship atisfaction ; psychosocial development



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

25卷1期(2012 / 06 / 01)

Page #

97 - 129

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

The research aims to explore the relationships among psychosocial development, interpersonal relationship satisfaction, extracurricular experience and juniors' employability in university. The samples are drawn from the survey of juniors of 2005 academic year and 2005 university graduates in the Taiwan Integrated Postsecondary Education Database (TIPED), in which a total of 12,749 are included in the sample. By using Structural Equation Model (SEM), the results shows that the influence of psychosocial development on interpersonal relationship satisfaction and employability, interpersonal relationship satisfaction on extracurricular experience and employability, and extracurricular experience on juniors' employability are evident. Further more, interpersonal relationship satisfaction and extracurricular experience have a significant mediating effect on the relationship between psychosocial development and juniors' employability.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 教育學
  1. 李易駿、古允文(2007)。機會開放或結構限制?台灣青年從學校到職場轉銜過程中的Yo-Yo 現象。台灣社會研究季刊,67,106-152。
  2. 李新民(2009)。大學回饋環境的裡子與面子層面分析及其與大學生學習表現之潛在關聯:形成性測量模式的應用。屏東教育大學學報:教育類,33,425-458。
  3. 林惠雅(2007)。大學生對自主的界定及其發展歷程:以親子關係為脈絡。應用心理研究,33,231-251。
  4. 林惠雅(2007)。青少年獨立自主發展之探討。應用心理研究,35,153-183。
  5. 郭進財、王秀華、林文煌(2009)。大學院校學生運動社團參與動機與學業成就之研究。長榮運動休閒學刊,3,8-10。
  6. 陳舜芬、曾正宜、陳素燕(2006)。我國大學生知識教育成果及其相關因素之研究。新竹教育大學學報,23,21-42。
  7. 曾文志(2008)。學生生活事件、人際長處與心理健康之復原力取向研究:仲介與調節效果之探討。教育心理學報,40(2),221-240。
  8. 黃益松、羅麗雲(2007)。大學生社團參與態度及其評價之研究。嶺東通識教育研究學刊,2(2),17-34。
  9. 葉紹國、何英奇、陳舜芬(2007)。大一學生的校園參與經驗與收穫自評-以淡江、清華、師大三校為例。師大學報:教育類,52(3),91-114。
  10. 蓋浙生(2004)。台灣高等教育市場化政策導向之檢視。教育研究集刊,50(2),29-51。
  11. 劉若蘭、林大森(2011)。影響大學生畢業流向因素之研究。當代教育研究季刊,19(1),101-144。
  12. 劉若蘭、楊昌鈺(2009)。不同身分背景大學生校園經驗與學習成果滿意度之關係模式研究。新竹教育大學教育學報,26(2),1-21。
  13. 蕭佳純(2009)。家庭社經地位、自我概念、學業表現對大學畢業生就業情形之探討。當代教育研究,17(3),1-40。
  14. Arnett, J. J.(2000).Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties.American Psychologist,55,469-480.
  15. Barry, M. (Ed.)(2005).Youth policy and school inclusion: Critical debates with young people.London:Routledge.
  16. Baym, N. K.,Zhang, Y. B.,Kunkel, A.,Ledbetter, A.,Lin, M. C.(2007).Relational quality and media use in interpersonal relationships.New Media and Society,9(5),735-752.
  17. Beiswenger, K.,Grolnick, W. S.(2010).Interpersonal and intrapersonal factors associated with autonomous motivation in adolescents' after-school activities.Journal of Early Adolescence,30(3),369-394.
  18. Billett, S.(2005).Learning about the world of work: Co-opting school students' paid work experiences.The Australian Educational Researcher,32,49-66.
  19. Borghans, L.,Weel, B.,Weinberg, B. A.(2006).Interpersonal styles and labor market outcomes.Journal of Human Resources,43(4),815-858.
  20. Brennan, J.,Johnston, B.,Little, B.,Shah, T.,Woodley, A.(2001).The employment of UK graduates: Comparisons with Europe and Japan.Bristol, UK:Higher Education Funding Council for England.
  21. Case, R. E.(2008).Independent learning and test question development: The intersection of student and content.Assessment Update,20(1),5-7.
  22. Chickering, A. W.(2010).A retrospect on higher education's commitment to moral and civic education.Journal of College and Character,11(3),21-40.
  23. Cranmer, S.(2006).Enhancing graduate employability: Best intentions and mixed outcomes.Studies in Higher Education,31(2),169-184.
  24. Dale, L.,Boenker, J.,Easter, D.,Niederhaus, S.,Stach, A.,Szuter, A.(2006).The meaning of work for two high school seniors.Week,27(1),13-20.
  25. Dawn, L.S.,Michael, D. C.,Richard, A. D.(2005).A longitudinal study of employment and skill acquisition among individuals with developmental disabilities.Research in Developmental Disabilities,26(5),469-486.
  26. Downey, J. A.(2003).Emotional awareness as a mediator of community college student satisfaction ratings.Community College Journal of Research and Practice,27,711-720.
  27. Feng, L.(2004).Psychological analysis and countermeasures of college students' difficult employment.Humanities and Social Science,1,408-410.
  28. Foubert, J. D.,Nixon, M. L.,Sisson, V. S.,Barnes, A. C.(2005).A longitudinal study of Chickering and Reisser's vectors: Exploring gender differences and implications for refining the theory.Journal of College Student Development,46,461-471.
  29. Foubert, J. D.,Urbanski, L. A.(2006).Effects of involvement in clubs and organizations on the psychosocial development of first-year and senior college students.Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice,43(1),166-181.
  30. Friedler, S. A.,Tan, Y. L.,Peer, N. J.,Shneiderman, B.(2008).Enabling teachers to explore grade patterns to identify individual needs and promote fairer student assessment.Computers & Education,51(4),1467-1485.
  31. Frymier, A. B.,Houser, M. L.(2000).The teacher-student relationship as an interpersonal relationship.Communication Education,49,207-219.
  32. Gewertz, C.(2002).Trusting school community linked to student gains.Education Week,22,8-9.
  33. Goodman, J.,Wood, R. E.(2005).Feedback specificity, learning opportunities, and learning.Journal of Applied Psychology,89,809-821.
  34. Hammer, T.(Ed.)(2003).Youth unemployment and social exclusion in Europe: A comparative study.Bristol, UK:The Policy Press.
  35. Hansen, D. M.,Skorupski, W. P.,Arrington, T. L.(2010).Differences in developmental experiences for commonly used categories of organized youth activities.Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology,31(6),413-421.
  36. Harvey, L.,Locke, W.,Morey, A.(2002).Enhancing employability, recognizing diversity.London:University UK Press.
  37. Hayek, J. C.,Carini, R. M.,O'' Day, P. T.,Kuh, G. D.(2002).Triumph or tragedy: Comparing student engagement levels or members of Greek-letter organizations and other students.Journal of College Student Development,43(5),643-663.
  38. Helson, R.,Srivastava, S.(2001).Three paths of adult development: Conservers, seekers, and achievers.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,80,995-1010.
  39. Huebner, A. J.,Mancini, J. A.(2003).Shaping out-of-school time use among youth: The effects of self, family and friend systems.Journal of Youth and Adolescence,32(6),453-463.
  40. Jackson, M.,Shenton, A. K.(2010).Independent learning areas and student learning.Journal of Librarianship and Information Science,42(4),215-223.
  41. Junco, R.,Chickering, A. W.(2010).Civil discourse in the age of social media.About Campus,15(4),12-18.
  42. Karagozoglu, S.(2008).Level of autonomy of Turkish students in the final year of university baccalaureate degree in health related fields.Journal of the American Academy of Nursing,56(2),70-77.
  43. Knight, P. T.(2001).Editorial: Employability and quality.Quality in Higher Education,7(2),93-95.
  44. Kuh, G. D.,Gonyea, R. M.,Palmer, M.(2001).The disengaged commuter student: Fact or fiction.Commuter Perspective,27(1),2-5.
  45. Kuh, G. D.,Vesper, N.(2001).Do computers enhance or detract from student learning.Research in Higher Education,42,87-102.
  46. Laird, T. F. N.(2005).College students' experiences with diversity and their effects on academic self-confidence, social agency, and disposition toward critical thinking.Research in Higher Education,46,365-387.
  47. Love, P.,Talbot, D.(2009).Defining spiritual development: A missing consideration for student affairs.Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice,46(4),361-375.
  48. Manuel, S.(2007).The transition from higher education to employment in Europe: The analysis of the time to obtain the first job.Higher Education,54(3),333-360.
  49. Marcia, J. E.(2002).Identity and psychosocial development in adulthood.Identity,2,7-28.
  50. McNally, J. J.,Irving, P. G.(2010).The relationship between university student commitment profiles and behavior: Exploring the nature of context effects.Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies,17(2),201-215.
  51. Meng, A.(2010).Advices about how to make career planning for college students.Asian Culture and History,2(2),236-238.
  52. Mounts, N.,Valentiner, D.,Anderson, K.,Boswell, M.(2006).Shyness, sociability, and parental support for the college transition: Relation to adolescents' adjustment.Journal of Youth and Adolescence,35(1),71-80.
  53. Naumann, W. C.,Bandalos, D.,Gutkin, T. B.(2003).Identifying variables that predict college success for first-generation college students.College Admission,36,4-10.
  54. Pascarella, E. T.,Terenzini, P. T.(2005).How college affects students.San Francisco:Jossey-Bass.
  55. Post, D.,Pong, S. L.(2000).Employment during middle school: The effects on academic achievement in the U.S. and abroad.Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis,22,273-298.
  56. Qureshi, I.,Compeau, D. R.(2009).Assessing between-group differences in information systems research: A comparision of covariance-and component-based SEM.MIS Quarterly,33(1),197-214.
  57. Robitschek, C.,Woodson, S. J.(2006).Vocational psychology: Using one of counseling psychology's strengths to foster human strength.Counseling Psychologist,34,260-275.
  58. Robst, J.(2007).Education and job match: The relatedness of college major and work.Economics of Education Review,26,397-407.
  59. Robst, J.(2010).Young people's experiences of vocational education and training.Education+ Training,52,427-437.
  60. Roulleau-Berger, L.(Ed.)(2003).Youth and work in the post-industrial city of North America and Europe.Leiden, Netherland:Koninklijke Brill NV Netherlands.
  61. Sarirete, A.,Noble, E.,Chikh, A.(2010).Knowledge management through the equilibrium pattern model for learning.Third World Summit on the Knowledge Society,111,564-572.
  62. Schoon, I.,Martin, P.,Ross, A.(2007).Career transitions in times of social change.Journal of Vocational Behaviour,70,78-96.
  63. Sneed, J. R.,Whitbourne, S. K.,Culang, M. E.(2006).Trust, identity, and ego integrity: Modeling Erikson's core stages over 34 years.Journal of Adult Development,13,148-157.
  64. Stoetzer, U.,Ahlberg, G.,Bergman, P.,Hallsten, L.,Lundberg, I.(2009).Working conditions predicting interpersonal relationship problems at work.European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology,18(4),424-441.
  65. Tait, K.(2009).Reflecting on how to optimize tertiary student learning through the use of work based learning within inclusive education courses.International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education,20(2),192-197.
  66. Thomas, W. H.,Feldman, D. C.(2009).Personality, social relationships, and vocational indecision among college students: The mediating effects of identity construction.Career Development International,14(4),309-332.
  67. Topping, K. J.,Samuels, J.,Paul, T.(2007).Does practice make perfect? Independent reading quantity, quality and student achievement.Learning and Instruction,17(3),256-264.
  68. Torpey, E. M.(2008).The class of 1993: Earnings and occupations by college major, 1 and 10 years after graduation.Occupational Outlook Quarterly,summer,15-25.
  69. Upcraft, M.,Gardner, J.,Barefoot, B.(2005).Challenging and supporting the first-year student: A handbook for improving the first college year.San Francisco:Jossey-Bass.
  70. Wang, R. J.(2003).From elitism to mass higher education in Taiwan: The problem faced.Higher Education,46,261-287.
  71. Warren, J. R.,LePore, P. C.,Mare, R. D.(2000).Employment during high school: Consequences for student`s grade in academic courses.American Educational Research Journal,37,943-969.
  72. Whitbourne, S. K.,Sneed, J. R.,Sayer, A.(2009).Psychosocial developmentfrom college through midlife: A 34-year sequential study.Developmental Psychology,45(5),1328-1340.
  73. Wilkinson, R.,Yussof, I.(2005).Public and private provision of higher education in Malaysia: A comparative analysis.Higher Education,50,361-386.
  74. Wilson, M. E.(Ed.),Wolf-Wendel, L. E.(Ed.)(2005).ASHE reader on college student development theory.Boston:Pearson Custom Publishing.
  75. Wittekind, A.,Raeder, S.,Grote, G.(2010).A longitudinal study of determinants of perceived employability.Journal of Organizational Behavior,31(4),566-586.
  76. Wubbels, T.,Brok, P.,Veldman, I.,Tartwijk, J.(2006).Teacher interpersonal competence for Dutch secondary multicultural classrooms.Teachers and Teaching: Theory and Practice,12(4),407-433.
  77. Yudelson, M. V.,Medvedeva, O. P.,Crowley, R. S.(2008).A multifactor approach to student model evaluation.User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction,18(4),349-382.
  78. Zierold, K. M.,Garman, S.,Anderson, H. A.(2005).A comparison of school performance and behaviors among working and nonworking high school students.Fam Community Health,28,214-224.
  79. Zittoun, T.,Perret-Clermont, A. N.(2009).Four social psychological lenses for developmental psychology.European Journal of Psychology of Education,24(3),387-403.
  80. 丁玉珍(2009)。「青年就業達人班」開課囉。台灣勞工季刊,18,130-131。
  81. 王保進(2004)。多變量分析:套裝程式與資料分析。台北:高等教育。
  82. 王春展(2004)。專科生情緒智慧、人境適配度與生涯阻隔之研究— 以中部某專科學校為例。嘉南學報,30,477-493。
  83. 王淑懿、彭森明(2006)。大學院校的學習環境:學生評鑑。國科會整合型計畫‧台灣高等教育資料庫之建置及相關議題之探討第二階段成果報告:以學生為中心的大學教育評鑑」研討會,台北:
  84. 王麗雲、彭森明(2009)。教育部委託專案報告教育部委託專案報告,台北:國立台灣師範大學教育研究與評鑑中心。
  85. 田弘華、田芳華(2008)。誰升學?誰就業?誰失業?大學畢業生出路之探討。教育政策論壇,11(4),33-62。
  86. 田玉霞、鄭雅惠(2009)。青年勞工跟你想的不一樣。台灣勞工季刊,18,13-21。
  87. 田秀蘭(2000)。大學生,你在想什麼?-談大學生的生涯決定困難與生涯想法。輔導季刊,36(2),22-25。
  88. 行政院青輔會(2006)。行政院青輔會行政院青輔會,台北:行政院青輔會。
  89. 何政光(2009)。核心能力融入服務學習之課程規劃與成效分析。通識教育與跨域研究,6,51-76。
  90. 余民寧(2006)。潛在變項模式:SIMPLIS 的應用。台北:高等教育。
  91. 吳京玲、陳正專(2008)。台灣大學生二十一世紀生活與職涯能力之現況與影響因素分析。台灣高等教育電子報,32
  92. 李文欽(2007)。近十年台灣高等教育的回顧與展望─以「社會變遷」的觀點。教育研究,15,59-68。
  93. 林祖嘉、林建志(2002)。大專畢業生第一份工作的工作轉換與在職搜尋:1996 年調查結果分析。國立政治大學學報,84,267-299。
  94. 林雅雯(2008)。青少年勞動統計情勢。台灣勞工,14,140-147。
  95. 林淑貞(2006)。學生的心理社會發展任務初探-以虎尾科大學生參與社團活動之經驗為例。國立虎尾科技大學學報,23(3),57-66。
  96. 邱文彬(2004)。大學生心理社會跨範疇的發展性關係。師大學報:教育類,17(2),109-129。
  97. 邱皓政(2003)。結構方程模式:LISREL 的理論技術與應用。台北:雙葉。
  98. 施建矗(2008)。從專上青年人力供需談提升就業力及就業率。台灣勞工,14,82-89。
  99. 徐西森、連廷嘉、劉雅瑩、陳仙子(2002)。人際關係的理論與實務。台北:心理。
  100. 徐錦興(2009)。青年職訓經驗談 談學以致用轉換歷程。台灣勞工季刊,18,72-79。
  101. 柴在屏(2006)。中部地區大學生參與社團對人格教育的影響之研究。中州學報,24,1-21。
  102. 秦夢群、莊清寶(2010)。大專生求學經歷與就業力關係。教育資料與研究雙月刊,94,85-112。
  103. 高泉錫(2009)。新世代青年工作價值大衝擊。台灣勞工季刊,18,6-12。
  104. 張慈宜、陳曉郁(2009)。台灣大學生之心理社會發展情形初探。台灣高等教育研究電子報,36
  105. 陳正良(2008)。台灣高等教育在學青年兼職問題初探。台灣勞工,14,68-81。
  106. 陳正昌、程炳林、陳新豐、劉子鍵(2005)。多變量分析方法-統計軟體應用。台北:五南。
  107. 陳昭雄、林合懋(2006)。大專校院學生社團幹部優質領導能力認知態度之初探。弘光學報,48,129-144。
  108. 陳昭雄、林合懋、張同廟、潘怡君(2006)。影響大專校院校園社團發展因素之探討社團幹部與課指組師長認知態度比較。弘光學報,49,13-36。
  109. 陳德華(2005)。台灣高等教育的回顧與前瞻。國民教育,46(2),13-31。
  110. 陸大榮(2001)。強化廠商、大學院校及研究機構配合機制。國家政策論壇,1(5),40-49。
  111. 曾碧淵(2001)。專上青年就業問題與對策。國家政策論壇,1(5),29-33。
  112. 曾碧淵(2009)。提振青年就業力,從教育開始。台灣勞工季刊,18,80-85。
  113. 黃英忠、吳淑鈴、林昭秀、黃毓華、吳三江(2002)。學習資源品質、學習滿意度與學習後回饋傾向之相關性研究。人力資源學報,2(3),85-100。
  114. 黃毅志、陳怡靖(2005)。台灣的升學問題:教育社會學理論與研究之檢討。台灣教育社會學研究,5(1),77-118。
  115. 楊錦登(2000)。人際關係相關理論之探討。學生輔導,69,104-113。
  116. 葉亮吟(2010)。探討大學生社團經驗、人際關係、學業成績對其職涯發展的影響。育達科大學報,23,59-80。
  117. 劉孟奇、邱俊榮、胡均力(2006)。在正式教育中提升就業力。台北:行政院青年輔導委員會。
  118. 劉奕蘭、陳素燕、曾正宜、陳素芬(2004)。如何評估一個新的教育措施或策略的效力。文教新潮,9(3),40-47。
  119. 劉淑蓉(2007)。大學學校環境與其對學生滿意度之影響公私立大學之比較研究。教育政策論壇,10(1),77-99。
  120. 劉麗薇(2006)。探討大學生涯規劃課程是否符合大學生生涯發展的內涵-以朝陽科技大學為例。止善,1,65-80。
  121. 劉鎔毓(2003)。技專校院學生生活適應之研究。中華技術學院學報,29,323-340。
  122. 蔡芬芳(2007)。求職歷程中之人力資源及社會網絡與就業表現之分析。國立空中大學社會科學學報,15,119-152。
  123. 賴樹立(2008)。推動青少年就業策略與方式。台灣勞工,14,4-6。
  124. 謝秀芳(2009)。將知識變工作 如何縮短學業與就業間轉銜落差。台灣勞工季刊,18,45-55。
Times Cited
  1. 彭若婷(2015)。移民女性職業訓練學習經驗、就業態度及就業力之探究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-145。 
  2. 蔡毓玲(2013)。高屏區高職餐飲管理科學生生涯輔導知覺、職業自我概念與就業力之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-157。 
  3. 彭耀平(Yao-Ping Peng);陳榮政(Robin Jung-Cheng Chen);何希慧(Sophia Shi-Huei Ho)(2018)。教師轉換型領導與學生就業力發展之研究:以社會認知生涯理論論述之。教育科學研究期刊。63(1)。69-102。 
  4. 張哲遠(2013)。大學生社團經驗對其創業能力與創業潛能影響之研究-以國立臺北科技大學為例。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-144。