Novel Binder of APC Residues and PFA for Road Aggregate Stabilisation-Petrographic Interpretation for Bonding




Behrooz Saghafi;Tetsuya Katayama

Key Words

Air pollution control (APC) residues ; Cementitious materials ; Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS) ; PFA ; Road base and subbase ; SEM image ; XRD analysis


International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

6卷5期(2013 / 09 / 01)

Page #

511 - 519

Content Language


English Abstract

Adding limestone quarry dust to Type 1 Unbound Mixture (a standard material for road foundation applications in the UK) reduced its stiffness significantly. Application of PFA-APC residues binder (a blend of pulverised fuel ash and air pollution control residues), as a novel, zero-energy binder, could successfully stabilise the material and improve its mechanical properties. Compressive strength of the stabilised material has been an indication of its performance over time, illustrating achievement of high compressive strengths. This paper presents new findings on the microstructure of the PFA-APC residues binder to explain the mechanism of developing such high strength. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis revealed that the hardening is more due to formation of C-S-H gel, rather than the formation of crystalline hydrates. Also, it demonstrates share of each component in developing binding.

Topic Category 工程學 > 土木與建築工程
工程學 > 道路與鐵路工程
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