Translated Titles

Research on Developing an Instrument of R&D Personnel's Scientific Literacy-A Study on Electronic Information Industry in Taiwan


牛涵錚(Han-Jen Niu);楊勝欽(Sheng-Chin Yang)

Key Words

研發人員 ; 科學素養 ; 創新 ; 量表發展 ; 資訊科技業 ; R&D Employees ; Science Literary ; Innovation ; Measurement Development ; Electronic Information Industry



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

4卷1期(2012 / 03 / 01)

Page #

59 - 74

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

High-tech industry in Taiwan has been playing an important role in the knowledge economy era. R&D personnel are the key to business in competitiveness; however scientific literacy is the ability to meet the basic elements of innovation. This study tries to develop an instrument of R&D personnel's scientific literacy. By providing an effective measurement, we expect to find excellent R&D personnel or to be helpful for the selection of personnel in enterprises.

Topic Category 基礎與應用科學 > 資訊科學
社會科學 > 經濟學
社會科學 > 管理學
  1. 靳知勤(2007)。科學教育應如何提升學生的科學素養—台灣學術菁英的看法。科學教育學刊,15(6),627-646。
  2. Science Teachers Association (NSTA), 1982. Science-technology-society: Science Education for the 1980s, NSTA Position Statement, Washington, DC: National Science Teachers Association.
  3. 教育部,2003。國民中小學九年一貫課程綱要自然與生活科技學習領域,台北:教育部。
  4. 教育部,2004。基礎科學前瞻性人才培育計畫科技發展方案中程綱要計畫(94-95), 審議編號:941201300800000011 ,台北:教育部。
  5. 陳文典,2003。自然與生活科技學習領域之學習成就—科學素養的評量,台北:教育部。
  6. Abbey, A.,Dickson, J. W.(1983).R&D Work Climate and Innovation in Semiconductors.The Academy of Management,26(2),362-368.
  7. Amabile, T. M.(1983).The Social Psychology of Creativity.New York:Springer-Verlag.
  8. Amabile, T. M.(1997).Entrepreneurial Creativity through Motivational Synergy.The Journal of Creative Behavior,31(1),18-26.
  9. Amabile, T. M.,Conti, R.,Coon, H.,Lazenby, J.,Herron, M.(1996).Assessing the Work Environment for Creativity.The Academy of Management Journal,39(5),1154-1184.
  10. Bagozzi, R. P.,Yi, Y.(1988).On the Evaluation of Structural Equation Models.Journal of The Academy of Marketing Science,16(1),74-94.
  11. Bollen, K. A.(1989).Structural Equations with Latent Variables.New York:John Wiley & Sons.
  12. Bybee, R. W.(1997).Achieving Scientific Literacy: From Purposes to Practices.New Hampshire:Heinmann.
  13. Clark, J.,Guy, K.(1998).Innovation and Competitiveness: A Review.Technology Analysis and Strategic Management,10(3),363-395.
  14. de Jong, J. P. J.,den Hartog, D. N.(2007).How Leaders Influence Employee's Innovative Behavior.European Journal of Innovation Management,10(1),41-64.
  15. Fornell, C.,Larcker, D. F.(1981).Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error.Journal of Marketing Research,18(1),39-50.
  16. Frankle, E. G.(1990).Management of Technological Change: The Great Challenge of Management to the Future.Dordrecht:Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  17. Gefen, D.,Straub, D. W.,Boudreau, M. C.(2000).Structural Equation Modeling and Regression: Guideline for Research Practice.Communications of the Association for Information Systems,4(7),1-70.
  18. Goldsmith, R. E.(1986).Convergent Validity of Four Innovativeness Scales.Educational and Psychological Measurement,46(1),81-87.
  19. Hair, J. F.,Anderson, R. E.,Tatham, R. L.,Black, W. C.(1998).Multivariate Data Analysis.Englewood Cliffs, NJ:Prentice-Hall.
  20. Hurd, P. D.(1958).Science Literacy: Its Meaning for American Schools.Educational Leadership,16(1),13-16.
  21. Hurt, H. T.,Joseph, K.,Cook, C. D.(1977).Scales for the Measurement of Innovativeness.Human Communication Research,4(1),58-65.
  22. Jackson, D.(1976).Jackson Personality Inventory Manual.Goshen, NY:Research Psychologists Press.
  23. Janssen, O.(2000).Demands, Perceptions of Effort-reward Fairness and Innovative Work Behavior.Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology,73(3),287-302.
  24. Kaiser, H. F.(1970).A Second Generation Little Jiffy.Psychometrika,35(4),401-415.
  25. Kanter, R. M.(1988).When a Thousand Flowers Bloom: Structural, Collective and Social Conditions for Innovation in Organizations.Research in Organizational Behavior,10,169-211.
  26. Kleysen, R. F.,Street, C. T.(2001).Toward a Multidimensional Measure of Individual Innovative Behavior.Journal of Intellectual Capital,2(3),284-296.
  27. Lafley, A.,Charan, R.(2008).The Game Changer: How You Can Drive Revenue and Profit Growth with Innovation.New York:Crown Business.
  28. Laugksch, R. C.(2000).Scientific Literacy: A Conceptual Overview.Science Education,84(1),71-94.
  29. Miller, J. D.(1983).Scientific Literacy: A Conceptual and Empirical Review.Daedalus,112(2),29-48.
  30. Mumford, M. D.,Simonton, D. K.(1997).Creativity in the Workplace: People, Problems and Structures.The Journal of Creative Behavior,31(1),1-6.
  31. National Science Teachers Association=NSTA(1990).Position Paper on STS.Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society,10(5-6),249-250.
  32. Nonaka, I.(1994).A Dynamic Theory of Organization Knowledge Creation.Organization Science,5(1),14-37.
  33. Nonaka, I.(1991).The Knowledge-creating Company.Harvard Business Review,69(6),96-104.
  34. Nonaka, I.,Takeuchi, H.(1995).The Knowledge-creating Company.New York:Oxford University Press.
  35. Nunnally, J. C.(1978).Psychometric Theory.New York:McGraw-Hill.
  36. Scott, S. G.,Bruce, R. A.(1994).Determinants of Innovative Behavior: A Path Model of Individual Innovation in the Workplace.The Academy of Management Journal,37(3),580-607.
  37. Shamos, M. H.(1995).The Myth of Scientific Literacy.New Jersey:Rutgers University Press.
  38. West, M. A.(Ed.),Farr, J. L.(Ed.)(1990).Innovation and Creativity at Work: Psychological and Organizational Strategies.Oxford, England:John Wiley & Sons.
  39. Yusuf, S.(2009).From Creativity to Innovation.Technology in Society,31(1),1-8.
  40. 王文彥(2001)。研發人員創造力人格特質量表之建立—以I 公司為例。企業人力資源管理實務專題研究成果發表會
  41. 行政院國科會(2008)。科學技術統計要覽。台北:行政院國家科學委員會。
  42. 吳明隆(2007)。SPSS 操作與應用;問卷統計分析實務。台北:五南。
  43. 陳文典(2003)。國民中學九年一貫課程自然與生活科技學習領域基礎研習手冊。台北:教育部。
  44. 陳玉貞(2004)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所。
  45. 陳景堂(2006)。統計分析SPSS for Windows 入門與應用。台北:儒林。
  46. 葉玉珠(2005)。影響國小學童科技創意發展的因素之量表發展。師大學報:科學教育類,50(2),29-54。
  47. 葉玉珠、吳靜吉、鄭英耀(2000)。影響科技與資訊產業人員創意發展的因素之量表發展。師大學報:科學教育類,45(2),39-63。
  48. 蔡富元(2009)。科技研發與知識創新之關係。生活科技教育月刊,42(4),102-108。
  49. 謝榮桂(1999)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所。
Times Cited
  1. 許豐祺(2014)。探討神經外科和骨科醫師的內部行銷、創新行為及顧客導向之研究 - 以大台北和桃園地區為例。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-157。 
  2. 黃黛玲(2016)。心理契約中影響員工留任之關鍵因素-以藍寶石基板製造業研發人員為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-142。