Survey on Adulterants in Chinese Medicinal Preparations during the Fiscal Year 2010
賴國誌(Kuo-Chih Lai)；廖永智(Yung-Chih Liao)；林美智(Mei-Chih Lin)；顧祐瑞(Yoe-Ray Ku)；徐雅慧(Ya-Hui Hsu)；蔡麗瑤(Li-Yao Tsai)；李蕙君(Hui-Chun Lee)；呂康祖(Kang-Tsu Lu)；劉宜祝(Yi-Chu Liu)；羅吉方(Chi-Fang Lo)
調製劑中藥 ； 摻加西藥 ； adulterants ； Chinese medicinal preparations
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
2期（2011 / 12 / 08）
339 - 349
To investigate the chemical adulterants in Chinese medicinal preparations (CMP), 1436 samples were collected and analyzed during the year 2010. The result showed that 25.8% (248/963) of the samples acquired from the consumer service centers of local health bureaus and judicial organizations were adulterated. However, if the samples that collected by local health bureau from local markets were included, the adulteration rate decreased to 24.9% (357/1436).The sources of samples were classified into two categories. The first was legal institutions, including manufacturers of CMP and medical units such as hospitals, clinics and dealers of traditional Chinese medicine, in which the average adulteration rate was 9.7%. The second was illegal suppliers, such as Chinese kung-fu stores, folk medicine stores, unlicensed practitioners and others, where the average adulterated rate was 30.0%. Among the 357 samples contained adulterants, 68.3% contained 1 adulterant and 11.2% 2 adulterants. In terms of therapeutic activity, most adulterants found in the CMP were for treatment of erectile dysfunction. The therapeutic activity of most adulterants was irrelevant to the claimed use of CMP. The result also showed that sildenafil was the most found compound in adulterants, and the others were hydrochlorothiazide and caffeine.