Title

Effects of Special Olympic Training on the Physical Health of Individuals with Intellectual Disability

DOI

10.6298/ILR.2015.4.3

Authors

Mary Lou Schilling;Roger Coles;Dan Ekonen

Key Words

physical fitness ; intellectual disability ; Special Olympics

PublicationName

International Leisure Review

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

4卷1期(2015 / 03 / 01)

Page #

39 - 66

Content Language

英文

English Abstract

The physical benefits of a Special Olympic poly hockey training program were explored with athletes with intellectual disability, ages 15 - 24. Aerobic capacity, upper extremity strength, abdominal strength, and flexibility were measured at the beginning and end of the training season using the Brockport fitness test. Us-ing a paired sample t test no statistically significant difference in performance was found. Descriptive statistics revealed improvement in upper extremity strength, abdominal strength, and aerobic capacity. Conversely, a decrease in flexibility was noted. Descriptive statistics also revealed that those with moderate intellectual disability displayed greater improvement in aerobic capacity, flexibility, and upper extremity strength as compared to those with mild intellectual disability. Using an ANCOVA statistical significance was found when comparing the type of training and performance to aerobic capacity. Results suggest some evidence in the physical health benefits to Special Olympic training programs.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 體育學
Times Cited
  1. 林育右(2013)。使用核關聯之非剛性形體對齊與對應。交通大學資訊科學與工程研究所學位論文。2013。1-53。 
  2. 翁文健(2009)。藉由迴圈相依性與限制式牴觸分析進行大範圍安全性質檢查。交通大學資訊科學與工程研究所學位論文。2009。1-45。 
  3. 沈政文(2010)。元件抽象化之GUI測試方法。臺北科技大學資訊工程系所學位論文。2010。1-112。 
  4. 蔡凱迪(2017)。以雙亞硝基鐵錯合物促進亞硝酸根、一氧化氮及過氧亞硝酸根的交互轉換之探討。中原大學化學研究所學位論文。2017。1-170。 
  5. 洪苡蓁(2016)。Fak1a與Wnt5b經由Rac1與Cdc42聯合調控斑馬魚胚早期腔腸化時之細胞遷徙過程。國立臺灣大學生命科學系學位論文。2016。1-92。 
  6. 李庚達(2007)。微生物系統中利用最適化架構過量生產化學品之研究。臺灣大學化學工程學研究所學位論文。2007。1-75。 
  7. 潘義祥(Yi-Hsiang Pan)(2012)。體育課程個人與社會責任模式之研究發展趨向。中華體育季刊。26(4)。491-497。 
  8. 游逸平(2007)。低功率嵌入式處理器之編譯器最佳化研究。清華大學資訊工程學系所學位論文。2007。1-158。
  9. 劉書宏(2009)。形狀記憶合金致動器的建模、控制及其在六足仿生機器人上之應用。臺灣大學機械工程學研究所學位論文。2009。1-278。
  10. 顏宛平(2013)。國中體育課實施個人與社會責任模式之學生經驗。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2013。1-138。