Translated Titles

D^2ashboard: A Visual Decision-making Tool for Disaster Prevention




宋爾軒(Er-Xuan Sung);蔡孟涵(Meng-Han Tsai);康仕仲(Shih-Chung Kang);賴進松(Jihn-Sung Lai);譚義績(Yih-Chi Tan)

Key Words

防災資訊 ; 資訊視覺化 ; 互動介面 ; 決策支援系統 ; Disaster information ; Information visualization ; Interactive interface ; Decision support system



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

3卷1期(2014 / 03 / 01)

Page #

69 - 94

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

Decision-making for the issuance of flood warnings is a complex process that requires quick analysis of multi-dimensional hydrological data. The Water Resource Agency in Taiwan has developed a flood alert system that has defined two levels for alerts based on predefined rainfall thresholds. The system tracks rainfall in real time through rain gauge stations in specific locations and subsequently issues flood alerts to the affected counties when the rainfall reaches a predefined threshold. The system has been operational during several typhoons and heavy-rain events and has demonstrated its usefulness in flood prevention. However, in order to judge the flood potential, the analyzers have spent a considerable amount of time exploring critical information due to the lack of connectivity between relative hydrological data in the system. The research led to the development of a visual decision-making tool (called D^2ashboard), which allows users to manipulate related information to enhance their understanding regarding the risk of a floods and to influence decision making. We integrated three interactive functions: (1) data tips, (2) data brushing, and (3) dynamic queries in order to increase its usability. Users are now able to take advantage of its capacity for dynamic exploration and from its intuitive operation. We implemented D^2ashboard to the disaster prevention process during the typhoons TRAMI and KONG-REY (August 2013) for validation. The results show that D^2ashboard decreased the time the experts spend on judging the flood information by 25% and 61% respectively.

Topic Category 基礎與應用科學 > 大氣科學
工程學 > 市政與環境工程
  1. 蔡孟涵、黃詩閔、康仕仲、賴進松(2013)。防災決策支援系統。災害防救科技與管理學刊,2(2),21-33。
  2. Carr, D. 1999. Guidelines for Designing Information Visualization Applications. Retrieved March 16, 2005, from http://www.ida.liu.se/~davca/postscript/VizGuidelines.pdf
  3. Sorenson, M. 2002. Dictionary definition of dashboards, SearchCIO.com. Retrieved March 20, 2014, from http://searchcio.techtarget.com/definition/dashboard
  4. Ahlberg, C.,Shneiderman, B.(1994).Visual information seeking: Tight coupling of dynamic query filters with starfield displays.SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems,Boston, MA.:
  5. Andrienko, N.,Andrienko, G.(2003).Informed spatial decisions through coordinated views.Information Visualization,2,270-285.
  6. Bauer, M.,Johnson-Laird, P.(1993).How diagrams can improve reasoning.Psychological Science,4,372-378.
  7. Bertin, J.(1981).Graphics and graphic information-processing.Berlin, Germany:Walter de Gruyter.
  8. Bruls, M.,Huizing, K.,Wijk, J. van(2000).Squarified TreeMaps.Joint Eurographics and IEEE TCVG Symp. on Visualization (TCVG 2000),Amsterdam, Netherlands:
  9. Burkhard, R. A.(2004).Learning from architects: The difference between knowledge visualization and information visualization.8th International Conference on Information Visualisation,London, UK.:
  10. Card, S. K.(Ed.),Mackinlay, J. D.(Ed.),Shneiderman, B.(Ed.)(1999).Readings information visualization: Using vision to think.San Francisco, CA:Morgan Kaufmann.
  11. Card, S. K.,Mackinlay, J. D.,Shneiderman, B.(1999).Readings in information visualization: Using vision to think.San Francisco, CA:Morgan Kaufmann.
  12. Card, S. K.,Moran, T. P.,Newell, A.(2008).The psychology of human-computer interaction.Mahwah, NJ:Erlbaum.
  13. Card, S. K.,Robertson, G. G.,Mackinlay, J. D.(1991).The information visualizer, an information workspace.Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems,New Orleans, LA:
  14. Crapo, A. W.,Waisel, L. B.,Wallace, W. A.,Willemain, T. R.(2000).Visualization and the process of modeling: A cognitive-theoretic view.6th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining,Boston, MA.:
  15. Cushing, J.,Janssen, L. D.,Allen, S.,Guerlain, S.(2006).Overview + detail in a Tomahawk mission-toplatform assignment tool: Applying information visualization in support of an asset allocation planning task.Information Visualization,5(1),1-14.
  16. Deshons, P.(2002).Prevision et suivi des crues urbaines: Experience de la ville de Marseille.La Houille Blanche,2,56-59.
  17. Fekete, J. D.(2004).The infovis toolkit.10th IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization (INFOVIS '04),Austin, TX:
  18. Few, S.(2006).Information dashboard design: The effective visual communication of data.Beijing, China:O'reilly.
  19. Glenberg, A.,Langston, M.(1992).Comprehension of illustrated text: Pictures help to build mental models.Journal of Memory and Language,31,129-151.
  20. Hanrahan, P.(2006).VizQL: A language for query, analysis and visualization.2006 ACM SIGMOD international conference on Management of data,New York:
  21. Heer, J.,Card, S. K.,Landay, J. A.(2005).Prefuse: A toolkit for interactive information visualization.SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI'05),Portland, OR.:
  22. Hurford, A. P.,Parker, D. J.,Priest, S. J.,Lumbroso, D. M.(2012).Validating the return period of rainfall thresholds used for Extreme Rainfall Alerts by linking rainfall intensities with observed surface water flood events.Journal of Flood Risk Management,5,134-142.
  23. Igarashi, T.,Hinckley, K.(2000).Speed-dependent automatic zooming for browsing large documents.13th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology (UIST'00),San Diego, CA.:
  24. Lamping, J.,Rao, R.(1996).The hyperbolic browser: A focus + context technique for visualizing large hierarchies.Journal of Visual Languages and Computing,7(1),33-55.
  25. Larkin, J.,Simon, H.(1987).Why a diagram is (sometimes) worth ten thousand words.Cognitive Science,11,65-100.
  26. Maceachren, A.,Wachowicz, M.,Edsall, R.,Haug, D.,Masters, R.(1999).Constructing knowledge from multivariate spatiotemporal data: Integrating geographical visualization with knowledge discovery in database methods.International Journal of Geographical Information Science,13,311-334.
  27. Mackinlay, J. D.,Card, S. K.,Robertson, G. G.(1990).Rapid controlled movement through a virtual 3D workspace.Computer Graphics,42,1971-1976.
  28. Mackinlay, J. D.,Robertson, G.,Card, S. K.(1991).The Perspective Wall: Detail and context smoothly integrated.SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI'91),New Orleans, LA.:
  29. Perlin, K.,Fox, D.(1993).Pad: An alternative approach to the computer interface.20th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques (SIGGRAPH '93),Anaheim, CA.:
  30. Plötzner, R.(Ed.),Lowe, R.(Ed.)(2004).Special Issue: Dynamic visualisations and learning.Learning and Instruction,14,235-357.
  31. Reinhardt, R.(Ed.),Eppler, J. Martin(Ed.)(2004).Wissenskommunikation in Organisationen.Berlin, Germany:Springer Verlag.
  32. Rhyne, T.,Chen, M.(2013).Cutting-edge research in visualization.IEEE Computer,46(2),22-24.
  33. Robertson, G. G.,Mackinlay, J. D.,Card, S. K.(1991).Cone trees: Animated 3D visualizations of hierarchical information.SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI '91),New Orleans, LA.:
  34. Rosenfeld, L.,Morville, P.(2003).Information architecture for the world wide web.Sebastopol, CA:O'Reilly.
  35. Schnotz, W.,Picard, E.,Hron, A.(1993).How do successful and unsuccessful learners use texts and graphics?.Learning and Instruction,3,181-199.
  36. Schumann, H.,Müller, W.(2004).Informationsvisualisierung: Methoden und perspektiven.it - Information Technology,46,135-141.
  37. Shneiderman, B.(2010).Designing the user interface: Strategies for effective: Human computer interaction.Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson.
  38. Shneiderman, B.(1994).Dynamic queries for visual information seeking.IEEE Software,11(6),70-77.
  39. Sprague, R. H.,Carlson, E. D.(1982).Building effective decision support systems.Englewood Cliffs, NJ:Prentice Hall.
  40. Stolte, C.,Tang, D.,Hanrahan, P.(2002).Polaris: A system for query, analysis, and visualization of multidimensional relational databases.Visualization and Computer Graphics,8(1),52-65.
  41. Tidwell, J.(2005).Designing interfaces.Beijing, China:O'Reilly.
  42. Velcu, O.,Yigitbasiouglu, O.(2010).Dashboards adoption in the business controller's decision making process.7th International Conference on Enterprise Systems, Accounting and Logistics,Athens, Greece:
  43. Ware, C.(2004).Information visualization: Perception for design.San Francisco, CA:Morgan Kaufman.
  44. 吳東昇、王藝峰(2009)。臺灣雨量警戒值淹水預警系統之研究。2009 臺灣災害管理研討會,臺北市:
  45. 宋爾軒、蔡孟涵、康仕仲、賴進松(2013)。防災決策資訊視覺化介面之研究─以水災應變為例。2013 電子計算機於土木水利工程應用研討會,臺北市:
  46. 李明營、周佳、柯亙重、洪志成、翁春雄、許晃雄(2010)。國科會莫拉克科學報告國科會莫拉克科學報告,臺北市:行政院國家科學委員會。
  47. 康仕仲、李清勝、何興亞(2009)。經濟部水利署期末報告經濟部水利署期末報告,臺北市:經濟部水利署。
  48. 康仕仲、李清勝、何興亞(2010)。經濟部水利署期末報告經濟部水利署期末報告,臺北市:經濟部水利署。
  49. 郭宥秋(2009)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。銘傳大學建築與都市防災研究所。
  50. 顏清連、何興亞、賴進松、羅友謙(2006)。經濟部水利署期末報告經濟部水利署期末報告,臺北市:經濟部水利署。
Times Cited
  1. 賴進松、蔡孟涵、張向寬、康仕仲、林錫慶、林永峻、李正國、宋爾軒(2015)。淹水預警作業資訊平臺之研發應用。災害防救科技與管理學刊,4(2),83-103。