Title

中国妇女生育意愿与生育行为的差异及其影响因素

Translated Titles

Gaps between Fertility Intensions and Fertility Outcomes in China: Patterns and Determinants

Authors

陈卫(Wei Chen);靳永爱(Yong-Ai Jin)

Key Words

生育意愿 ; 生育行为 ; 生育率 ; 理想子女数 ; 影响因素 ; fertility intensions ; fertility outcomes ; fertility rate ; ideal number of children ; determinants

PublicationName

人口學刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2011卷2期(2011 / 03 / 01)

Page #

3 - 13

Content Language

簡體中文

Chinese Abstract

生育行为与生育意愿背离现象广泛存在。在发达国家,普遍的情况是实际生育率大大低于意愿生育率。发展中国家同样出现了生育行为与生育意愿背离的现象,但更多呈现出与发达国家相反的规律。中国也出现了生育行为与生育意愿背离,且实际高于意愿的情况。根据中国2001年全国生殖健康调查,基本完成生育的40~49岁妇女,其平均理想子女数为1.8,而平均实际生育子女数为2.2。利用2001年全国生殖健康调查数据,考察中国妇女生育行为与生育意愿背离的特征和影响因素,并考察个体背景(个人特征和社会经济背景)、生育政策和生育孩子情况(包括孩子的性别结构和存活状况)对生育意愿与生育行为的差异产生的影响。结果表明,这些因素都对生育意愿与生育行为的差异产生显著影响,但性别偏好是造成生育行为大于生育意愿的主要因素。

English Abstract

It is well documented that actual fertility deviates from desired fertility in both developed and developing regions. The deviation is also observed in China. According to 2001 China Family Planning and Reproductive Health Survey, the mean actual number of children for women aged 40-49 was 1.8, while their ideal number of children was 2.2. This paper examines patterns of and identify factors associated with the deviation using the 2001 survey data. Results show that women's individual characteristics, sex composition and survival of children and fertility policy are significantly associated with the gap between actual and desired fertility, of which sex preference is the most important factor.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 社會學