Title

美国“自然形成退休社区”养老模式探析

Translated Titles

An Innovative Model of Aging in Place: An Inquiry of the "Naturally Occurring Retirement Communities" in the United States

Authors

侯立平(Li-Ping Hou)

Key Words

人口老龄化 ; 居家养老 ; 社区建设 ; population aging ; living in place ; community building

PublicationName

人口學刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2011卷2期(2011 / 03 / 01)

Page #

58 - 63

Content Language

簡體中文

Chinese Abstract

构建适宜的社区居家养老模式已成为人类应对人口老龄化的重要手段。在广泛涉猎国内外关于社区居家养老文献的基础上,论述美国自然形成退休社区产生的原因、主要特征和借鉴参考价值。美国自然形成退休社区这一居家养老模式的“亮点”是:建立老年人互相照料机制;促进社区老年人之间的跨文化沟通和理解;与专门医疗机构建立伙伴关系以及将社区内的老年人从服务的被动接受者转变为服务的积极消费者。

English Abstract

Constructing proper model of aging in place has been regarded by mankind as an effective means to battle against population aging. This article, on the basis of extensively consulting the contributions concerned with aging in place, discusses the formation, main components and reference values of the naturally occurring retirement community. The four ”sparkling points” of the model, that is, building the mechanic of elders caring elders; promoting cultural communication and understanding among the ethnically different elders; developing partnerships for health and changing the elders who are passive receivers of the caring service into the active consumers of the service, are elaborated.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 社會學