Title

健康状况和健康冲击对工作时间的影响

Translated Titles

The Effect of Health Status and Health Shocks on Working Hours

Authors

田艳芳(Yan-Fang Tian)

Key Words

自评健康状况 ; 日常生活自理能力 ; 慢性病 ; 工作时间 ; self-reported health ; activities of daily living ; chronic disease ; working hours

PublicationName

人口學刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2011卷2期(2011 / 03 / 01)

Page #

90 - 97

Content Language

簡體中文

Chinese Abstract

使用中国健康与养老追踪关于浙江和甘肃两省的预调查数据,估计居民健康存量状况和健康冲击对劳动工作时间的影响。研究采用三种健康状况指标:自评健康状况、四种常见慢性病和日常生活自理能力(ADL),其中自评健康状况还使用了15岁之前的健康状况做工具变量估计。基于Tobit模型的估计结果显示:只要健康状况不是太差,劳动者一般不会选择完全退出劳动力市场,健康状况较差的劳动者会适当减少工作时间。慢性病中,只有关节类的疾病对劳动时间的影响显著,其他疾病对劳动时间没有显著影响。日常生活自理能力强的人工作时间明显要长。健康冲击会显著减少劳动者的工作时间,进而减少收入。尽管男性和女性在工作小时上存在很大差异,但是估计结果显示健康存量状况和健康冲击对工作小时的影响不存在很大的性别差异。

English Abstract

The paper estimates the joint effect of health status and health shocks on working hours using China health and retirement longitudinal study-Zhejiang and Gansu province pilot data. Three survey indicators of individual health are examined, and one are estimated by instrumental variable (IV), using as instrument the health status before 15 years old. The results based on Tobit model are: people will not choose to withdraw from labor market completely; poorer heath status would work fewer hours; higher ADLs related to longer working hours; health shocks reduce income by reducing working hours. There is no significant gender difference in the impact of health status and health shocks on working hours.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 社會學